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Listening in the Silence, Seeing in the Dark: Reconstructing Life after Brain Injury

Ruthann Knechel Johansen

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520231146
eISBN:
9780520927766
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520231146.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Traumatic brain injury can interrupt without warning the life story that any one of us is in the midst of creating. When the author's fifteen-year-old son survives a terrible car crash in spite of ... More


Treating Consciousness as A Variable

Bernard J. Baars

in In the Theater of Consciousness: The Workspace of the Mind

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195102659
eISBN:
9780199864126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195102659.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the treatment of consciousness as a variable. Topics covered include the cognitive unconscious, the conscious and unconscious qualia, the two-channel experiment, and ... More


Nancy Cruzan and “The Right to Die”

George Anastaplo

in Reflections on Life, Death, and the Constitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125336
eISBN:
9780813135243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125336.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses the United States Supreme Court Opinion on the case of Nancy Cruzan who had been severely injured in an automobile accident on January 11, 1983. It notes that Cruzan remained ... More


Where in the brain is pain? Evaluating painful experiences in non-communicative patients

Athena Demertzi and Steven Laureys

in I Know What You're Thinking: Brain imaging and mental privacy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596492
eISBN:
9780191745669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596492.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

Pain is a personal and intimate experience. As with other conscious experiences, pain needs to be communicated in order to be assigned to a subject. In cases of severely brain-injured ... More


A Saying About Luck

Mark Kukis

in Voices from Iraq: A People's History, 2003-2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156929
eISBN:
9780231527569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156929.003.0011
Subject:
History, Middle East History

In this chapter, Abdul Wahab Fuad Abdul Wahab talks about his experience during the Iraq war. Born in 1975, Abdul Wahab worked for most of his adult life alongside his father in an electronics repair ... More


Sizing up Consciousness: Towards an objective measure of the capacity for experience

Marcello Massimini and Giulio Tononi

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198728443
eISBN:
9780191841828
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198728443.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Sizing up Consciousness explores, at an introductory level, the potential practical, clinical, and ethical implications of a general principle about the nature of consciousness. Using information ... More


Coma: With Barbara Wilson

James W. Fawcett, Anne E. Rosser, and Stephen B. Dunnett

in Brain Damage, Brain Repair

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523376
eISBN:
9780191724534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523376.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Coma accounts for approximately 3% of emergency hospital admissions, with causes ranging from the potentially treatable, such as epilepsy and certain drug overdoses, to severe trauma and vascular ... More


Constructing Callimachus

Elizabeth Marie Young

in Translation as Muse: Poetic Translation in Catullus's Rome

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226279916
eISBN:
9780226280080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226280080.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter looks at how Catullus 66 (the Lock of Berenice or Coma Berenices), along with is preface and the set of elegies that follow, creates the very source it appears to replicate. Despite its ... More


The social functions of consciousness

Chris D. Frith

in Frontiers of Consciousness: Chichele Lectures

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199233151
eISBN:
9780191696596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233151.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the role and form of consciousness. It begins by describing two distinct aspects of consciousness. First, we can be conscious in the sense of being awake, rather than being ... More


Introduction: Coupland's contexts

Andrew Tate

in Douglas Coupland

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719074882
eISBN:
9781781701201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719074882.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This book is structured around thematically focused chapters that consider Douglas Coupland's engagement with narrative, consumer culture, space and religion. This chapter locates Coupland's ... More


Death Versus Suffering

Sherry F. Colb and Michael C. Dorf

in Beating Hearts: Abortion and Animal Rights

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231175142
eISBN:
9780231540957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231175142.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Sentience grounds not only a right against the infliction of suffering but a right to continued existence. Contrary to an argument traceable to Epicurus, even a painless death can be harmful, but if ... More


The Outermost Solar System

John Chambers and Jacqueline Mitton

in From Dust to Life: The Origin and Evolution of Our Solar System

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175706
eISBN:
9781400885565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175706.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter illustrates how, until the mid-20th century, little was known about the true nature of asteroids and comets. Asteroids looked like single points of light through a telescope, and ... More


Brain Islands

Marcello Massimini and Giulio Tononi

in Sizing up Consciousness: Towards an objective measure of the capacity for experience

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198728443
eISBN:
9780191841828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198728443.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter examines the clinical problem of detecting consciousness in brain-injured patients who emerge from coma in a state of behavioral unresponsiveness. Intensive care medicine is artificially ... More


Assessing Consciousness in Other Humans: From Theory to Practice

Marcello Massimini and Giulio Tononi

in Sizing up Consciousness: Towards an objective measure of the capacity for experience

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198728443
eISBN:
9780191841828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198728443.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter translates the theoretical principles illustrated in Chapter 5 into an empirical measure that can be applied to real human brains. It explains how transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) ... More


Aberrations

B. D. Guenther

in Modern Optics Simplified

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198842859
eISBN:
9780191878770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842859.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Using simple ray tracinig technliques presented in Chapter 6, we demonstrate that a general ray is not focused to the position predicted by paraxial theory. The aberration displayed is spherical ... More


Geometrical Optics

B. D. Guenther

in Modern Optics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198738770
eISBN:
9780191801983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738770.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The theory of geometrical optics as presented here is associated with rays that propagate at small angles where the sine of the angle can be replaced by the angle in radians. This is called the ... More


What Is It Like To Be in a Disorder of Consciousness?

Caroline Schnakers

in Finding Consciousness: The Neuroscience, Ethics, and Law of Severe Brain Damage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780190280307
eISBN:
9780190280338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190280307.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter explains and contrasts various scales that neurologists use to measure consciousness. These scales attempt to differentiate patients in a minimally conscious state from those in a ... More


Pediatric ECT

Max Fink MD

in Electroconvulsive Therapy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195365740
eISBN:
9780197562604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195365740.003.0013
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

The role of ECT in the treatment of adolescents and children is not well understood. The experience is limited and poorly documented, especially in pre-pubescent children. For much of the twentieth ... More


Viva Topics

Yael Gelfer, Deborah Eastwood, and Karen Daly (eds)

in Paediatrics for the FRCS (Tr + Orth) Examination

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198749301
eISBN:
9780191916991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198749301.003.0007
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Viva 1 Questions This seven-year-old boy fell 6 ft out of a tree onto his left arm. Describe these X-rays (Fig. 3.1). X-rays Is the fracture malrotated? How can you tell? What is the ... More


A Legacy of Empires? An Exploration of the Environmental and Medical Consequences of Metal Production in Wadi Faynan, Jordan

David D. Gilbertson and Sharon Taylor

in Geology and Health: Closing the Gap

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195162042
eISBN:
9780197562062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195162042.003.0023
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

We have explored, and outline herein, the accumulation of copper in humans, plants, and animals in a remote desert area of southwest Jordan, Wadi Faynan, where mining and smelting activities began ... More


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