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Cognitive Variations: Reflections on the Unity and Diversity of the Human Mind

Geoffrey Lloyd

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199214617
eISBN:
9780191706493
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214617.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book presents a study of the problems posed by the unity and diversity of the human mind. On the one hand, as humans we all share broadly the same anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, and certain ... More


Relatively Speaking: An Account of the Relationship between Language and Thought in the Color Domain

Debi Roberson and J. Richard Hanley

in Words and the Mind: How words capture human experience

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195311129
eISBN:
9780199776924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311129.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter is divided into six sections. The first sets out the background of the debate about the relationship between language and cognition in the color domain. The second explains how recent ... More


The Gestalt Period

Alan Gilchrist

in Seeing Black and White

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187168
eISBN:
9780199786725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187168.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

The third period of lightness theory saw the arrival of the Gestalt psychologists, with their penetrating insights and dramatic experiments. Rejecting the clumsy two-stage conception of raw ... More


Introduction

Alan Gilchrist

in Seeing Black and White

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187168
eISBN:
9780199786725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187168.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Color perception requires a distinction between both chromatic colors and achromatic colors. These are funny terms: the first is redundant, the second is an oxymoron — colored colors and non-colored ... More


Perceptual Coherence: Hearing and seeing

Stephen Handel

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195169645
eISBN:
9780199786732
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169645.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book describes the conceptual similarities and differences between auditory and visual perception. The incoming energy is a single world containing objects, events, and various sources of light ... More


Color Vision in Goldfish and Other Vertebrates

Christa Neumeyer

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter adopts a psychophysical approach to studying color vision and reviews the evolution of color perception in vertebrates. Color vision in goldfish is described as an example before data ... More


Surface Colour Perception and Environmental Constraints

Laurence T. Maloney

in Colour Perception: Mind and the physical world

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505006
eISBN:
9780191686764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505006.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter demonstrates that human surface colour perception can be modelled as algorithms that, over certain ranges of environmental conditions, manage to assign colours to objects that are in ... More


Effects of Modal versus Amodal Completion Upon Visual Attention: A Function for Filling-In?

Greg Davis and Jon Driver

in Filling-In: From Perceptual Completion to Cortical Reorganization

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195140132
eISBN:
9780199865307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140132.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on the possible functional differences between modal and amodal completion in relation to visual attention. A review of visual-search experiments suggests that both modal and ... More


Objectivity and Subjectivity Revisited: Colour as a Psychobiological Property

Gary Hatfield

in Colour Perception: Mind and the physical world

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505006
eISBN:
9780191686764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505006.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter focuses on the notion of colour as a property of the surfaces of objects. It examines the arguments of objectivists who seek to reduce colour to a physical property of object surfaces. ... More


Colour Perception: Mind and the physical world

Rainer Mausfeld and Dieter Heyer (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505006
eISBN:
9780191686764
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505006.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

Colour has long been a source of fascination to both scientists and philosophers. In one sense, colours are in the mind of the beholder, in another sense they belong to the external world. Colours ... More


The Illuminant Estimation Hypothesis and Surface Colour Perception

Laurence T. Maloney and Joong Nam Yang

in Colour Perception: Mind and the physical world

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505006
eISBN:
9780191686764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505006.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

The degree of surface colour constancy that we experience depends on viewing conditions: under some circumstances, we have essentially none, and under others, we show a remarkable, nearly perfect, ... More


Perception as an Epistemic Modality

Christian Coseru

in Perceiving Reality: Consciousness, Intentionality, and Cognition in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199843381
eISBN:
9780199979851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199843381.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

In unpacking the main tenets of Buddhist epistemology, this chapter offers a detailed analysis of perception as an epistemic modality centred on three main points: (1) the cognitive function of ... More


Consciousness

J. Kevin O’Regan

in Why Red Doesn’t Sound Like a Bell: Understanding the feel of consciousness

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199775224
eISBN:
9780199919031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199775224.003.0083
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter summarizes the discussions in the preceding chapters. It argues that the sensorimotor approach, by taking feel as an abstract quality of our interaction with the environment, helps ... More


Normal and Defective Colour Vision

John D. Mollon, Joel Pokorny, and Ken Knoblauch (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525301
eISBN:
9780191584947
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525301.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The topic of colour vision is one that integrates research from psychology, neuroscience, biology, ophthalmology, physics, and genetics. How do we make sense of colour in the world, and how has such ... More


Visual Field Defects

W. Poppelreuter

in Disturbances of Lower and Higher Visual Capacities Caused by Occipital Damage: With Special Reference to the Psychopathological, Pedagogical, Industrial, and Social Implications

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521907
eISBN:
9780191724664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521907.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Intense preoccupation with visual field defects has resulted hitherto mainly from interest in the anatomical relationships between retinal fields, fibre connections, and cortical areas. This led to a ... More


Learning to Differentiate Objects: The Case of Memory Color

Kevin Connolly

in Perceptual Learning: The Flexibility of the Senses

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190662899
eISBN:
9780190662929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662899.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explains memory color as an enhancement of perceptual learning, which enables us to better differentiate objects from their backgrounds. In cases of memory color, faded types of objects ... More


Colour Naming, Colour Categories, and Central Colour-Coding in a Case of X-Linked Incomplete Achromatopsia

J. B. Nolan, M. A. Crognale, and M. A. Webster

in Normal and Defective Colour Vision

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525301
eISBN:
9780191584947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525301.003.0039
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines categorical colour perception and the nature of central processing of colour in a 33-year-old male with X-linked incomplete achromatopsia. Data from colour naming and ... More


Why Red Doesn’t Sound Like a Bell: Understanding the feel of consciousness

J. Kevin O'Regan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199775224
eISBN:
9780199919031
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199775224.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This book proposes a novel view to explain how we as humans—contrary to current robots—can have the impression of consciously feeling things: for example the red of a sunset, the smell of a rose, the ... More


Into the Neural Maze

Donald I. A. MacLeod

in Color Ontology and Color Science

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013857
eISBN:
9780262312493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013857.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter surveys a few of the so-called “easy” problems, as referred to by Chalmers, in understanding color perception. The obscurity of psycho-neural isomorphism is highlighted by the ... More


Evolutionary perspectives on sport and competition

Diana Wiedemann, Robert A Barton, and Russell A Hill

in Applied Evolutionary Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199586073
eISBN:
9780191731358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586073.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines the theoretical and empirical research into evolutionary aspects of four complex issues of human behaviour in sports. We highlight how evolutionary approaches have promoted our ... More


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