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Against Etiological Semantics

Joseph Mendola

in Anti-Externalism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534999
eISBN:
9780191715969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534999.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses externalist theories of mental content that do not involve the mediation of thought by language but in which history is crucial. It argues that the etiological teleosemantics ... More


Non‐Etiological Mind‐Based Externalism

Joseph Mendola

in Anti-Externalism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534999
eISBN:
9780191715969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534999.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses externalist theories of mental content that do not involve the mediation of thought by language and in which history is not crucial. It argues that the asymmetric dependence ... More


“This backdrop of entrenched inequality”: Affirmative Action in Work

Desmond S. King and Rogers M. Smith

in Still a House Divided: Race and Politics in Obama's America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142630
eISBN:
9781400839766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142630.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter illustrates the conflicting approaches advanced by today's racial alliances on issues of race equality in the workplace, as on so many other topics—conflicts that include disagreements ... More


Prospects of the House Divided

Desmond S. King and Rogers M. Smith

in Still a House Divided: Race and Politics in Obama's America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142630
eISBN:
9781400839766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142630.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter reflects on how Americans can achieve further progress in their long national struggle to reduce enduring material race inequalities. It first returns to the structure of American racial ... More


Color Vision

Nigel Daw

in How Vision Works: The Physiological Mechanisms Behind What We See

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199751617
eISBN:
9780199932375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751617.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Color vision is trichromatic, as a result of three kinds of cone photoreceptors with different spectral sensitivities. The output of the long-wavelength cones is subtracted from the output of the ... More


A Social Constructionist Analysis of Race

Sally Haslanger

in Resisting Reality: Social Construction and Social Critique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199892631
eISBN:
9780199980055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892631.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter outlines a social constructionist approach to the concept of race. The chapter argues that it is the most useful for interdisciplinary and popular debates about race and genetics. In ... More


A More Delightful Vision

Pete A. Ensminger

in Life Under the Sun

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300088045
eISBN:
9780300133523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300088045.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter describes color vision, color blindness, true color blindness, and the perception of color due to variation in human visual pigment genes. This chapter discusses variation in ... More


Remaking Racial Signs: Activism and Photography in the Theater of the Sit-Ins

Elizabeth Abel

in Signs of the Times: The Visual Politics of Jim Crow

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520261174
eISBN:
9780520945869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261174.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Through carefully scripted and publicized acts of civil disobedience which were staged as a form of political theater, the protest movement finally succeeded in bringing down the Jim Crow signs. This ... More


Afterword: Contemporary Turns

Elizabeth Abel

in Signs of the Times: The Visual Politics of Jim Crow

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520261174
eISBN:
9780520945869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261174.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Even after his legal demise, rumors of Jim Crow's death were greatly exaggerated. This did not dissuade photographers from documenting the public dismantling of Jim Crow signs in the aftermath of ... More


Is Racial Equality Unconstitutional?

Mark Golub

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190683603
eISBN:
9780190683634
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190683603.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Political Theory

Discussions of race in American law and politics have been captured by the figure of the color-blind Constitution. Whether embraced as an ideal of constitutional equality or rejected for perpetuating ... More


Pathologies of Perception: Benjamin Joy Jeffries and the Invention of Color Blindness

Michael Rossi

in The Republic of Color: Science, Perception, and the Making of Modern America

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226651729
eISBN:
9780226651866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226651866.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

While it had been known for centuries that certain individuals appeared insensitive to particular colors, it wasn’t until the 1870s that color blindness was articulated as a common medical condition ... More


The Nature of Moral Disagreement: Conflicting Ideals?

Michele S. Moses

in Living with Moral Disagreement: The Enduring Controversy about Affirmative Action

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226344249
eISBN:
9780226344416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226344416.003.0003
Subject:
Education, Philosophy and Theory of Education

This chapter focuses on the nature of moral disagreement in general and about affirmative action in particular. It examines how the ideals of equality and liberty may conflict, as well as the related ... More


Multiraciality and the racial order: the good, the bad, and the ugly

Hephzibah V. Strmic-Pawl and David L. Brunsma

in Race Policy and Multiracial Americans

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781447316459
eISBN:
9781447316480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447316459.003.0012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

In the United States, the racialized social structure is White supremacy (as White is the dominant race), and the reigning racial ideologies are color blindness and post-racialism. This chapter uses ... More


President Obama: Freedom Democrat or Neoliberal?

Robin D. G. Kelley

in The Obama Phenomenon: Toward a Multiracial Democracy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036453
eISBN:
9780252093487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036453.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The chapter argues that President Obama had to “transcend” race by invoking a politics of color-blindness, building unity not by collectively acknowledging that the nation has a race problem, but ... More


Introduction About Green

Bruce R. Smith

in The Key of Green: Passion and Perception in Renaissance Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226763781
eISBN:
9780226763811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226763811.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

“Green” has emerged as a keyword on the order of “gender,” “sexuality,” “nation,” “race,” and “ethnicity”—words that dominated looking, listening, reading, and critical thinking during the last third ... More


Between Black and White

Bruce R. Smith

in The Key of Green: Passion and Perception in Renaissance Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226763781
eISBN:
9780226763811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226763811.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Since Isaac Newton's experiments with prisms in the 1660s, we have come to think of white light as the presence of all colors and black as the absence of any color. Nicholas Hilliard, in his Treatise ... More


The Republic of the Penniless

Carlos Alamo-Pastrana

in Seams of Empire: Race and Radicalism in Puerto Rico and the United States

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813062563
eISBN:
9780813051598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062563.003.0005
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Edwin Rosskam worked during the New Deal as a photographer for the Farm Security Administration (FSA) before working in a variety of capacities for the Puerto Rican government throughout the 1940s ... More


Of Stranger Spaces

Kenji Yoshino

in Law and the Stranger

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804771542
eISBN:
9780804775151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804771542.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The link between the words “stereotype” and “cliché” is an etymological expression of the relationship between social strangers and literary discourse. This chapter addresses the question of literary ... More


Color Ontology and Color Science

Jonathan Cohen and Mohan Matthen (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013857
eISBN:
9780262312493
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013857.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Philosophers and scientists have long speculated about the nature of color. Atomists such as Democritus thought color to be “conventional,” not real; Galileo and other key figures of the Scientific ... More


Youth in a “Private Estate” in the Oakland Hills

Jennifer Tilton

in Dangerous or Endangered?: Race and the Politics of Youth in Urban America

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814783115
eISBN:
9780814784273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814783115.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter focuses on the conflicts around Skyline High School between black middle-class parents and white homeowners who fought over whether children at the school were dangerous criminals or ... More


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