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“We here mean literally what we say”: Elliott Cresson and the Pennsylvania Colonization Society’s Humanitarian Agenda

Beverly C. Tomek

in Colonization and Its Discontents: Emancipation, Emigration, and Antislavery in Antebellum Pennsylvania

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814783481
eISBN:
9780814784433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814783481.003.0004
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter tells the story of Elliott Cresson, a staunch proponent of the colonization movement. Cresson began working for the American Colonization Society (ACS) diligently in 1829 and continued ... More


Introduction

Ousmane K. Power-Greene

in Against Wind and Tide: The African American Struggle against the Colonization Movement

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479823178
eISBN:
9781479876693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479823178.003.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

This book explores African Americans' organized resistance to colonization, and specifically their battle against the American Colonization Society (ACS) and those who believed that African ... More


“A thorough abolitionist could not be such without being a colonizationist”: Benjamin Coates and Black Uplift in the United States and Africa

Beverly C. Tomek

in Colonization and Its Discontents: Emancipation, Emigration, and Antislavery in Antebellum Pennsylvania

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814783481
eISBN:
9780814784433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814783481.003.0006
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter examines the contributions of Philadelphia's Benjamin Coates, a young white Quaker who shared most of Elliott Cresson's vision and played an important role in shifting Pennsylvania ... More


. Between Slavery and Freedom

Claude A. Clegg

in The Price of Liberty: African Americans and the Making of Liberia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807828458
eISBN:
9781469605500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807895580_clegg.6
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter discusses the debates over the efficacy of colonization; the various motives behind the colonization movement; and the consideration of Haiti as a potential destination for African ... More


“Calculated to remove the evils, and increase the happiness of society”: Mathew Carey and the Political and Economic Side of African Colonization

Beverly C. Tomek

in Colonization and Its Discontents: Emancipation, Emigration, and Antislavery in Antebellum Pennsylvania

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814783481
eISBN:
9780814784433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814783481.003.0003
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter tells the story of former Pennsylvania Abolition Society (PAS) member Mathew Carey. Carey was a Philadelphia printer and Catholic exile from Ireland who opposed bondage and oppression of ... More


“A certain simple grandeur … which awakens the benevolent heart”: The American Colonization Society’s Effective Marketing in Pennsylvania

Beverly C. Tomek

in Colonization and Its Discontents: Emancipation, Emigration, and Antislavery in Antebellum Pennsylvania

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814783481
eISBN:
9780814784433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814783481.003.0002
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter examines the growth of the colonization movement. The American Colonization Society (ACS) initially received a lukewarm reception in Pennsylvania, but within a decade of its founding in ... More


“Maybe the Devil has got to come out of these people before we will have peace”: Assessing the Successes and Failures of Pennsylvania’s Competing Antislavery Agendas

Beverly C. Tomek

in Colonization and Its Discontents: Emancipation, Emigration, and Antislavery in Antebellum Pennsylvania

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814783481
eISBN:
9780814784433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814783481.003.0008
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter examines Pennsylvania's three antislavery movements, all of which competed for space within the state's antislavery movement at the same time. It was not a matter of steps in which one ... More


. Origins

Claude A. Clegg

in The Price of Liberty: African Americans and the Making of Liberia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807828458
eISBN:
9781469605500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807895580_clegg.5
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter explains the origins of the African colonization movement. It discusses North Carolina Quakers' opposition to slavery in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; the idea of African ... More


“Our elevation must be the result of self-efforts, and work of our own hands”: Martin R. Delany and the Role of Self-Help and Emigration in Black Uplift

Beverly C. Tomek

in Colonization and Its Discontents: Emancipation, Emigration, and Antislavery in Antebellum Pennsylvania

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814783481
eISBN:
9780814784433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814783481.003.0007
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter focuses on Pittsburgh's Martin R. Delany, who advocated a black-led back-to-Africa movement much like the one proposed first by James Forten and Paul Cuffee, and then developed by ... More


Slavery and the Troublesome Question

Susan E. Lindsey

in Liberty Brought Us Here: The True Story of American Slaves Who Migrated to Liberia

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780813179339
eISBN:
9780813179353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813179339.003.0002
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Chapter 2 establishes the background and context for the colonization movement, examines motives of supporters and opponents, and examines the establishment of the Liberian colony. For ninety-three ... More


My Heart Yet Bleeds

Susan E. Lindsey

in Liberty Brought Us Here: The True Story of American Slaves Who Migrated to Liberia

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780813179339
eISBN:
9780813179353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813179339.003.0010
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Published history of the 1800s typically focuses on the accomplishments of white men. But a discussion of the colonization of Liberia would be incomplete without including the women. This chapter ... More


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