*Niels E. Henriksen and Flemming Y. Hansen*

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199203864
- eISBN:
- 9780191708251
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203864.003.0007
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter considers unimolecular reactions; photo-induced reactions, i.e. true unimolecular reactions; and reactions initiated by collisional activation, i.e. apparent unimolecular reactions where ...
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This chapter considers unimolecular reactions; photo-induced reactions, i.e. true unimolecular reactions; and reactions initiated by collisional activation, i.e. apparent unimolecular reactions where it is assumed that the time scales for activation and subsequent reaction are well separated. Elements of classical and quantum dynamical descriptions are discussed, including Slater theory and the quantum mechanical description of photo-induced reactions. Statistical theories aiming at the calculation of micro-canonical as well as canonical rate constants are discussed, including a detailed discussion of RRKM theory. It concludes with a discussion of femtochemistry, i.e. the observation and control of chemical dynamics using femtosecond pulses of electromagnetic radiation, focusing on the control of unimolecular reactions via the interaction with coherent light, that is, laser control.Less

This chapter considers unimolecular reactions; photo-induced reactions, i.e. true unimolecular reactions; and reactions initiated by collisional activation, i.e. apparent unimolecular reactions where it is assumed that the time scales for activation and subsequent reaction are well separated. Elements of classical and quantum dynamical descriptions are discussed, including Slater theory and the quantum mechanical description of photo-induced reactions. Statistical theories aiming at the calculation of micro-canonical as well as canonical rate constants are discussed, including a detailed discussion of RRKM theory. It concludes with a discussion of femtochemistry, i.e. the observation and control of chemical dynamics using femtosecond pulses of electromagnetic radiation, focusing on the control of unimolecular reactions via the interaction with coherent light, that is, laser control.

*Niels Engholm Henriksen and Flemming Yssing Hansen*

- Published in print:
- 2018
- Published Online:
- November 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780198805014
- eISBN:
- 9780191843129
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198805014.003.0007
- Subject:
- Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter considers unimolecular reactions; photo-induced reactions, that is, true unimolecular reactions; and reactions initiated by collisional activation, that is, apparent unimolecular ...
More

This chapter considers unimolecular reactions; photo-induced reactions, that is, true unimolecular reactions; and reactions initiated by collisional activation, that is, apparent unimolecular reactions where it is assumed that the time scales for activation and subsequent reaction are well separated. Elements of classical and quantum dynamical descriptions are discussed, including Slater theory and the quantum mechanical description of photo-induced reactions. Statistical theories aiming at the calculation of micro-canonical as well as canonical rate constants are discussed, including a detailed discussion of RRKM theory. It concludes with a discussion of femtochemistry, that is, the observation and control of chemical dynamics using femtosecond pulses of electromagnetic radiation, focusing on the control of unimolecular reactions via the interaction with coherent light; that is, laser control.Less

This chapter considers unimolecular reactions; photo-induced reactions, that is, true unimolecular reactions; and reactions initiated by collisional activation, that is, apparent unimolecular reactions where it is assumed that the time scales for activation and subsequent reaction are well separated. Elements of classical and quantum dynamical descriptions are discussed, including Slater theory and the quantum mechanical description of photo-induced reactions. Statistical theories aiming at the calculation of micro-canonical as well as canonical rate constants are discussed, including a detailed discussion of RRKM theory. It concludes with a discussion of femtochemistry, that is, the observation and control of chemical dynamics using femtosecond pulses of electromagnetic radiation, focusing on the control of unimolecular reactions via the interaction with coherent light; that is, laser control.