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Introduction

Parvis Ghassem-Fachandi

in Pogrom in Gujarat: Hindu Nationalism and Anti-Muslim Violence in India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151762
eISBN:
9781400842599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151762.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This introductory chapter argues that the pogrom is an event driven by words and images, as much by the associations and invocations that precede it as by those that accompany it. The enactment of ... More


Violence and Evil

Mike W. Martin

in From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195304718
eISBN:
9780199786572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195304713.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents an integrated, moral-therapeutic perspective on violence. It explores how violence — in the sense of cruel and unjustified physical injury — can be both pathological and evil. ... More


Pogrom in Gujarat: Hindu Nationalism and Anti-Muslim Violence in India

Parvis Ghassem-Fachandi

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151762
eISBN:
9781400842599
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151762.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

In 2002, after an altercation between Muslim vendors and Hindu travelers at a railway station in the Indian state of Gujarat, fifty-nine Hindu pilgrims were burned to death. The ruling nationalist ... More


Collective Violence

Charles Tilly

in Regimes and Repertoires

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226803500
eISBN:
9780226803531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226803531.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter creates a typology of collective violence. It then evaluates how forms and intensities of collective violence vary across regimes. It uses the evaluation to civil war and terror, ... More


Denial of Violence: Ottoman Past, Turkish Present, and Collective Violence against the Armenians, 1789-2009

Fatma Muge Gocek

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199334209
eISBN:
9780199395774
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334209.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

To this day, the Turkish state officially denies that what happened to the Armenians in 1915 was genocide, while the Western scholarly community is almost in full agreement that what happened to the ... More


Society

Carlo Focarelli

in International Law as Social Construct: The Struggle for Global Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199584833
eISBN:
9780191741012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584833.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the social origins and nature of law and the consequences in terms of how law is discerned in society. It notes that any discourse on international law presupposes a given ... More


Global Lynching and Collective Violence: Volume 1: Asia, Africa, and the Middle East

Michael Pfeifer (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040801
eISBN:
9780252099304
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040801.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The word lynching is most likely American in origin, but the practice of lynching, defined by scholars as extralegal group assault and/or murder motivated by social control concerns, can be found in ... More


Instigators of Genocide: Examining Hitler From a Social-Psychological Perspective

David R. Mandel

in Understanding Genocide: The Social Psychology of the Holocaust

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195133622
eISBN:
9780199847952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133622.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The question “What can social psychology tell us about the Holocaust?” is a difficult and complex one to answer. Perhaps it is fair to begin by saying that the Holocaust has influenced our ... More


Global Lynching and Collective Violence: Volume 2: The Americas and Europe

Michael J. Pfeifer (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780252041389
eISBN:
9780252099984
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041389.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The word lynching is most likely American in origin, but the practice of lynching, defined by scholars as extralegal group assault and/or murder motivated by social control concerns, can be found in ... More


Violent Accounts: Understanding the Psychology of Perpetrators through South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission

Robert N. Kraft

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479821600
eISBN:
9781479870288
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479821600.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This book presents a compelling study of how ordinary people commit extraordinary acts of violence and how perpetrators and victims manage in the aftermath. Grounded in extensive, qualitative ... More


“Prey to Thieves and Robbers”: Desertion, Exemption, and the Limits of Military Loyalty Enforcement

Jarret Ruminski

in The Limits of Loyalty: Ordinary People in Civil War Mississippi

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781496813961
eISBN:
9781496814005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496813961.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

Chapter 4 examines deserters and absentees who unleashed waves of crime and violence in Mississippi, as well as soldiers and civilians who requested military exemptions under the pretence that they ... More


Banzai! And the Others Die—Collective Violence in the Rape of Nanking

Frank Jacob

in Global Lynching and Collective Violence: Volume 1: Asia, Africa, and the Middle East

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040801
eISBN:
9780252099304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040801.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

In this chapter, Frank Jacob carefully examines another significant manifestation of collective violence in Asian history: the mass atrocities committed by Japanese soldiers against Chinese in the ... More


Intersectional Violence in Rosewood and Beyond

Edward González-Tennant

in The Rosewood Massacre: An Archaeology and History of Intersectional Violence

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813056784
eISBN:
9780813053448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056784.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Chapter 5 returns to intersectionality and the ways it relates to the multidimensionality of violence in Rosewood and beyond. The 1923 Rosewood race riot is just one event among hundreds of race ... More


The Zoomorphism of Human Collective Violence

R. B. Zajonc

in Understanding Genocide: The Social Psychology of the Holocaust

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195133622
eISBN:
9780199847952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133622.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The fields of evolutionary psychology and evolutionary social psychology were spawned by the intellectual ferment created by the principles of inclusive fitness and reproductive success. Based on ... More


Vigilantes, Criminal Justice, and Antebellum Cultural Conflict

Michael J. Pfeifer

in The Roots of Rough Justice: Origins of American Lynching

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036132
eISBN:
9780252093098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036132.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter traces, in the social and legal context of the southern, midwestern, and western frontiers, the lethal transition from the nondeadly collective violence (typically floggings) perpetrated ... More


New Situations Demand Old Magic: Necklacing in South Africa, Past and Present

Nicholas Rush Smith

in Global Lynching and Collective Violence: Volume 1: Asia, Africa, and the Middle East

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040801
eISBN:
9780252099304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040801.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Nicholas Rush Smith’s chapter explores collective violence in postapartheid South Africa, where vigilante violence involving an attempt to necklace alleged criminals has been common. That the ... More


Perpetrator Trauma and Collective Guilt: My Lai

Ronald Eyerman

in Trauma and Transcendence: Suffering and the Limits of Theory

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780823280261
eISBN:
9780823281602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823280261.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Among other atrocities of the American war in Vietnam, the My Lai Massacre stands out as a clear illustration of the social pressure to individualize guilt and restrict any attempt to collectivize ... More


Conclusions: Learning from the Violence of Others

Robert N. Kraft

in Violent Accounts: Understanding the Psychology of Perpetrators through South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479821600
eISBN:
9781479870288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479821600.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This concluding chapter argues that, in light of the collective violence and the testimonies of the perpetrators discussed in the previous chapters, initial efforts to prevent collective violence ... More


Introduction

Simon Peplow

in Race and riots in Thatcher's Britain

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781526125286
eISBN:
9781526144690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526125286.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This introductory chapter introduces the main themes of the book, which locate the anti-police collective violence that spread throughout England in 1980–1 within a longer struggle against racism and ... More


Introduction

Michael J. Pfeifer

in The Roots of Rough Justice: Origins of American Lynching

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036132
eISBN:
9780252093098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036132.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This introductory chapter discusses the gaps in current American lynching historiography, noting that, while several recent studies of lynching have enhanced our understanding of the history of the ... More


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