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Groups

Paul Weirich

in Collective Rationality: Equilibrium in Cooperative Games

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195388381
eISBN:
9780199866700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388381.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Collective rationality is ordinary rationality extended to groups. Efficiency is a goal but not a requirement of collective rationality. In the Prisoner's Dilemma individual rationality does not ... More


Individual and Collective Rationality

Leif Lewin

in Self-Interest and Public Interest in Western Politics

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198277255
eISBN:
9780191599774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198277253.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The final chapter of the book draws conclusions and implications from the evidence presented in previous chapters that public interest seems to be of greater importance in democratic politics than ... More


Rationality, Individual and Collective

Ronald de Sousa

in Why Think?: Evolution and the Rational Mind

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189858
eISBN:
9780199868377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189858.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores the relation between individual and collective rationality. A sketch of some of the better-known models of emergent collective organization on the basis of purely individual ... More


The Treaty Participation Game

Scott Barrett

in Environment and Statecraft: The Strategy of Environmental Treaty-Making

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199286096
eISBN:
9780191602832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286094.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Building on the information developed in the previous six chapters, this chapter develops a theoretical model of international cooperation by means of the treaty instrument. The focus is on ... More


The Depth and Breadth of International Cooperation

Scott Barrett

in Environment and Statecraft: The Strategy of Environmental Treaty-Making

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199286096
eISBN:
9780191602832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286094.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The focus of the theory developed to this stage has been on the credibility of punishments. This chapter weakens the demands on credibility so that the theory can embrace concerns for fairness. The ... More


Collective Rationality’s Roots

Paul Weirich

in From Individual to Collective Intentionality: New Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199936502
eISBN:
9780199362530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936502.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that group actions are rational if the individual acts that constitute them are rational. It observes that individuals sometimes have conflicting goals and desires when they make ... More


Akrasia, Collective and Individual

Philip Pettit

in Weakness of Will and Practical Irrationality

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199257362
eISBN:
9780191601842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257361.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Examines what is necessary for a group to constitute an agent that can display akrasia, and what steps such a group might take to establish self‐control. The topic has some interest in itself, and ... More


Rights, Individual Preferences and Collective Rationality

Prasanta K. Pattanaik

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239115
eISBN:
9780191716935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239115.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In the context of Amartya Sen's well-known result on the impossibility of a Paretian liberal, this chapter studies two distinct issues, namely, the role of individual preferences over social states ... More


Indispensability, the Discursive Dilemma, and Groups with Minds of Their Own

Abraham Sesshu Roth

in From Individual to Collective Intentionality: New Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199936502
eISBN:
9780199362530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936502.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter concerns the rationality of group agents. The chapter challenges List and Pettit’s argument in which group agents have to collectivize reason and apply criteria such as consistency at ... More


From Individual to Collective Intentionality: New Essays

Sara Rachel Chant, Frank Hindriks, and Gerhard Preyer (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199936502
eISBN:
9780199362530
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936502.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Many of the things we do, we do together with other people. Think of carpooling and playing tennis. In the past two or three decades, it has become increasingly popular to analyze such collective ... More


Introduction: Beyond the Big Four and the Big Five

Sara Rachel Chant, Frank Hindriks, and Gerhard Preyer

in From Individual to Collective Intentionality: New Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199936502
eISBN:
9780199362530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936502.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In the past two or three decades it has become increasingly popular to analyze collective actions in terms of collective intentions. This volume brings together chapters which address issues such as ... More


Regulating Markets

Mark Kelman

in The Heuristics Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755608
eISBN:
9780199895236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755608.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The chapter considers H&B and F&F attitudes towards market failure and information disclosure, highlighting first that policymakers influenced by the H&B school have worried about internal as well as ... More


Normative arguments for and against compulsory voting

Sarah Birch

in Full Participation: A Comparative Study of Compulsory Voting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719077623
eISBN:
9781781701874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719077623.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter outlines and assesses the principal normative arguments that have been made for and against compulsory electoral participation. These claims fall into three principal categories: ... More


The Limits of Capitalism

Paul De Grauwe

in The Limits of the Market: The Pendulum Between Government and Market

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198784289
eISBN:
9780191826856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784289.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The market system is an extraordinarily effective mechanism for creating material prosperity. Countries which have renounced the market system, as in the case of many previously communist regimes, ... More


Voting and Collective Rationality: Final Thoughts

Julia Maskivker

in The Duty to Vote

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190066062
eISBN:
9780190066093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190066062.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This concluding chapter offers a final overview of the argument for a Samaritan duty of justice via the vote. It reminds us that voting with care is not the stuff of experts but of informed regular ... More


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