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Moral Responsibility in Collective Contexts

Tracy Isaacs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199782963
eISBN:
9780199897117
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782963.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Genocide, global warming, organizational negligence, and oppressive social practices are four examples of moral contexts in which the interplay between individuals and collectives complicate how we ... More


Rationality Writ Large

Paul Weirich

in Collective Rationality: Equilibrium in Cooperative Games

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195388381
eISBN:
9780199866700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388381.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

A committee's passing a resolution may be rational or irrational. Groups of people perform acts that are evaluable for rationality. This observation raises two philosophical questions: What makes a ... More


We Are Reading

Oren Izenberg

in Being Numerous: Poetry and the Ground of Social Life

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144832
eISBN:
9781400836529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144832.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

In this concluding chapter, the author makes a sort of experiment in imagining his argument about the history of poetry as a prescription for reading rather than writing. The author addresses the two ... More


Intentional Collective Action

Tracy Isaacs

in Moral Responsibility in Collective Contexts

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199782963
eISBN:
9780199897117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782963.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The central aim of this chapter is to establish that collectives may have intentions and are capable of collective action. This claim is crucial to the broader claim that moral responsibility ... More


Systemic Effects

Jeffrey Brand-Ballard

in Limits of Legality: The Ethics of Lawless Judging

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195342291
eISBN:
9780199867011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342291.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces new arguments for the thesis that judges have all-things-considered reasons to obey nonpermissive rules. These arguments appeal to the systemic effects of deviating from the ... More


Collective Moral Responsibility

Tracy Isaacs

in Moral Responsibility in Collective Contexts

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199782963
eISBN:
9780199897117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782963.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Philosophical approaches to collective moral responsibility fall into two main categories, individualist and collectivist. Individualists think of it as a reductive concept; collectivists think of it ... More


Collective Intentions

Raimo Tuomela

in Social Ontology: Collective Intentionality and Group Agents

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199978267
eISBN:
9780199367788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199978267.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, General

Collective intentions as joint intentions, we-intentions, and group agent’s intentions are studied in this chapter, and detailed characterizations of both we-mode and I-mode cases are given. Some ... More


Power in Concert: The Nineteenth-Century Origins of Global Governance

Jennifer Mitzen

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226060088
eISBN:
9780226060255
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226060255.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

How states cooperate in the absence of a sovereign power is a perennial question in international relations. This book argues that global governance is more than just the cooperation of states under ... More


A Dynamic Theory of Shared Intention and the Phenomenology of Joint Action

Deborah Tollefsen

in From Individual to Collective Intentionality: New Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199936502
eISBN:
9780199362530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936502.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter introduces a new theory of collective intentions that focuses on the dynamic process of maintaining coordination throughout the performance of a collective action. The chapter draws on ... More


Collective Intentionality and the Assignment of Function

John R. Searle

in Making the Social World: The Structure of Human Civilization

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195396171
eISBN:
9780190267643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195396171.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter deals with the concept of collective intentionality as a continuation of examining the logical construction of intentionality, with emphasis on the collective aspect of human society and ... More


The ensemble as plural subject: jazz improvisation, collective intention and group agency

Garry L. Hagberg

in Distributed Creativity: Collaboration and Improvisation in Contemporary Music

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780199355914
eISBN:
9780199355945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199355914.003.0025
Subject:
Music, Psychology of Music

Group jazz improvisation at the highest levels can achieve a kind of cooperative creativity that rises above the sum total of the contributions of the individuals. This phenomenon is widely ... More


Group Intention

Brian Epstein

in The Ant Trap: Rebuilding the Foundations of the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199381104
eISBN:
9780199381128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199381104.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that group intention (also called “shared” or “collective” intention) is often determined by more than the attitudes of the members. Bratman, List, and Pettit share the assumption ... More


Cooperative Intentions

Robert Sugden

in The Community of Advantage: A Behavioural Economist's Defence of the Market

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198825142
eISBN:
9780191863813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198825142.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

Chapter 10 presents an analysis of ‘intentions for mutual benefit’. This builds on theories of team reasoning, but uses opportunity-based rather than preference-based concepts and makes minimal ... More


Foundational Work in Integrated Dialog Processing

Ronnie W. Smith and D. Richard Hipp

in Spoken Natural Language Dialog Systems: A Practical Approach

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195091878
eISBN:
9780197560686
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195091878.003.0004
Subject:
Computer Science, Human-Computer Interaction

Building a working spoken natural language dialog system is a complex challenge. It requires the integration of solutions to many of the important subproblems of ... More


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