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Collective rationality

Barbara Townley

in Reason's Neglect: Rationality and Organizing

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199298358
eISBN:
9780191700880
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298358.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter discusses the concept of collective rationality. Collective rationality is rational cooperation guided by collective reasoning: ‘a cooperative effort, involving linguistic exchange, to ... More


The Morality of Freedom

Joseph Raz

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198248071
eISBN:
9780191598289
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198248075.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book explores, within a liberal framework, the nature, significance, and justification of political freedom or liberty. Against recent liberal positions, it is argued that political morality is ... More


Testimony and the Value of Knowledge

Martin Kusch

in Epistemic Value

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231188
eISBN:
9780191710827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231188.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter gives substance to the idea of a ‘communitarian value-driven epistemology’ by developing and combining ideas from Edward Craig's and Bernard Williams' ‘epistemic genealogy’ and Barry ... More


Do We Have a Right to Common Goods?

Andrei Marmor

in Law in the Age of Pluralism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195338478
eISBN:
9780199855360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195338478.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter explores the question of what individuals or groups may have a right to. In particular, it considers the question of whether people can have a right to common goods, such as the ... More


Right‐Based Moralities

Joseph Raz

in The Morality of Freedom

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198248071
eISBN:
9780191598289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198248075.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It is argued that rights alone cannot provide a complete account of morality. Personal autonomy is incompatible with moral individualism and strong rights against coercion, since autonomy requires ... More


Liberty and Rights

Joseph Raz

in The Morality of Freedom

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198248071
eISBN:
9780191598289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198248075.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The doctrine of liberty is underpinned by the ideal of autonomy. While the rights that have traditionally been of concern to liberals serve the interests of the individuals protected by those rights, ... More


Internationalization and the Institutional Structuring of Economic Organization: Changing Authority Relations in the Twenty-First Century

Richard Whitley

in Capitalisms and Capitalism in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199694761
eISBN:
9780191741289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694761.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

Despite the considerable growth in FDI and capital mobility compared to the 1950s, most markets remain semi-globalized and governed by predominantly national legal systems and other institutions ... More


Machine Tooling in the United Kingdom

Colin Crouch and Joen Mahoney

in Changing Governance of Local Economies: Responses of European Local Production Systems

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199259403
eISBN:
9780191603020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259402.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter examines the decline of the machine-tool industry in the UK. This decline is partially attributed to globalization and the British tradition of a low-cost strategy, short-term investment ... More


Well‐Ordered Science

Philip Kitcher

in Science, Truth, and Democracy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145830
eISBN:
9780199833344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145836.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The question is answered by introducing an ideal, the ideal of well‐ordered science In well‐ordered science the inquiries pursued are those that would have been selected by a well‐informed group of ... More


The Rule of Numbers

Loka Ashwood

in For-Profit Democracy: Why the Government Is Losing the Trust of Rural America

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780300215359
eISBN:
9780300235142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300215359.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter suggests that there is something uncomfortable about democracy as we live in it today, where the majority is considered as the righteous ruler. Thus, if the majority wants electricity, ... More


Personal Well‐Being

Joseph Raz

in The Morality of Freedom

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198248071
eISBN:
9780191598289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198248075.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A person's well‐being consists in his successful pursuit of valuable, willingly embraced goals. Many of these goals have a nested structure, and presuppose the existence of social forms or collective ... More


Constructing the Collective Good

Frederick W. Mayer

in Narrative Politics: Stories and Collective Action

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199324460
eISBN:
9780199361618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199324460.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Usually, theories of collective action assume the existence of a collective good, but before a community can act collectively, its members must share a common interest in some end. Often, the task is ... More


Social capital: the missing link?

Bill Jordan

in Welfare and well-being: Social value in public policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420800
eISBN:
9781447304210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420800.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter discusses how the social value of collective good can be explained within the economic model. It focuses on the attempts of the social capital theory to elucidate the beneficial effects ... More


National versus Supranational Collective Goods: The Evolution of Neoliberal Federalism

Fabio Masini

in Liberalism and the Welfare State: Economists and Arguments for the Welfare State

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780190676681
eISBN:
9780190676711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190676681.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

The recent and growing literature concerning the birth and history of neoliberalism stresses the importance of supranational economic governance and institutions for the neoliberal project. Sometimes ... More


The Security Council: Progress is Possible but Unlikely

Bardo Fassbender

in Realizing Utopia: The Future of International Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199691661
eISBN:
9780191738593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691661.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

There is broad agreement that it is better to have the Security Council with all its flaws than to have no such institution at all. It is difficult to envisage developments of the Security Council in ... More


Criminology's Public Roles: A Drama in Six Acts

Ian Loader and Richard Sparks

in What is Criminology?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199571826
eISBN:
9780191728839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571826.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

This chapter addresses the following questions: what contribution can criminological knowledge make to shaping responses to crime in a polity which acknowledges crime and punishment to be properly ... More


Citizen Influences on State Policy Priorities: The Interplay of Public Opinion and Interest Groups

Saundra K. Schneider and William G. Jacoby (eds)

in Public Opinion in State Politics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753005
eISBN:
9780804767972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753005.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter compares the impact of public opinion and interest groups on policy making in American states. It proposes a new measure of state public policy and identifies measures of state policy ... More


Police Officers, Regular Soldiers, and Normative Institutional Analysis

Seumas Miller

in Shooting to Kill: The Ethics of Police and Military Use of Lethal Force

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190626136
eISBN:
9780190626174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190626136.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter a normative, comparative institutional analysis of police officers and regular soldiers is provided. The roles of police officer and regular soldier are defined by recourse to ... More


Property Rights for the Common Good

Rowan Cruft

in Human Rights, Ownership, and the Individual

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198793366
eISBN:
9780191884122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793366.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Where Chapter 12 established that property belonging to those with reasonable wealth cannot be ‘natural’ rights grounded for the right-holder’s sake, Chapter 13 argues that such property is, rather, ... More


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