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The Maze and the Masses

Hélène Landemore

in Democratic Reason: Politics, Collective Intelligence, and the Rule of the Many

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155654
eISBN:
9781400845538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155654.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that collective intelligence offers an attractive solution to the problem of the average citizen's ignorance and irrationality. It first illustrates this point by presenting the ... More


Reconsidering the Role of Political Argument in Democratic Politics

Jack Knight and James Johnson

in The Priority of Democracy: Political Consequences of Pragmatism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151236
eISBN:
9781400840335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151236.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines three ways that political argument can affect democratic decision making and, thus, significantly mitigate the force of the social choice challenge. By engaging in political ... More


Formal Conditions: Institutionalizing Liberal Guarantees

Jack Knight and James Johnson

in The Priority of Democracy: Political Consequences of Pragmatism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151236
eISBN:
9781400840335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151236.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter discusses the free-and-equal-participation condition and develops its implications for the institutionalization of democratic decision making. It defends the following basic claims about ... More


Democratic Reason: Politics, Collective Intelligence, and the Rule of the Many

Hélène Landemore

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155654
eISBN:
9781400845538
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155654.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Individual decision making can often be wrong due to misinformation, impulses, or biases. Collective decision making, on the other hand, can be surprisingly accurate. This book demonstrates that the ... More


Conclusion

Jack Knight and James Johnson

in The Priority of Democracy: Political Consequences of Pragmatism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151236
eISBN:
9781400840335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151236.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This concluding chapter assesses the ways in which this study's pragmatist account might answer the practical question about the acceptance of democratic politics. Unlike most normative arguments, ... More


Cultivating Autonomy: The Normative Core of Democracy

Stephen Elstub

in Towards a Deliberative and Associational Democracy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748627394
eISBN:
9780748652716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627394.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter presents the case that the cultivation of the value of autonomy is the normative core of democracy. It suggests that as autonomy and democracy both aim to make their agents ... More


Preliminaries

Jack Knight and James Johnson

in The Priority of Democracy: Political Consequences of Pragmatism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151236
eISBN:
9781400840335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151236.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This introductory chapter presents the book's argument about the normative significance of democracy. Democracy is a set of institutions. It has an important priority among the available ... More


Decision-Making Pathologies

Derek A. Epp

in The Structure of Policy Change

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226529691
eISBN:
9780226529868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226529868.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter describes the difference between deliberative and collective decision-making procedures. Collective decision making takes place when the decisions of many independent actors are ... More


Democracy and social choice

Jules L. Coleman

in Markets, Morals, and the Law

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199253609
eISBN:
9780191719783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253609.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Competition Law

The modern theory of social choice contains a number of attempts to develop a defence of particular voting or collective decision procedures by appeal to axioms aimed at characterising one or another ... More


Accelerating AI

John O. McGinnis

in Accelerating Democracy: Transforming Governance Through Technology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151021
eISBN:
9781400845453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151021.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter focuses on artificial intelligence (AI). The development of machine intelligence can directly improve governance, because progress in AI can help in assessing policy consequences. More ... More


Communication in Social Insects: Sophisticated Problem Solving by Groups of Tiny-Brained Animals

Christoph Grüter

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Collective intelligence allows groups of individuals to solve problems which otherwise could not be solved by a single individual. Insect workers have tiny brains, but by functioning as part of a ... More


Unleashing Prediction Markets

John O. McGinnis

in Accelerating Democracy: Transforming Governance Through Technology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151021
eISBN:
9781400845453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151021.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter focuses on political prediction markets, that is markets that allow the public to speculate on election and policy outcomes. Prediction markets temper three of the largest problems of ... More


Complexity, Capacity, and Collective Decisions

Derek A. Epp

in The Structure of Policy Change

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226529691
eISBN:
9780226529868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226529868.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter introduces the three hypotheses that are tested in this book. Each hypothesis argues that lawmakers can process information more completely under a given set of circumstances and that ... More


Prescription and Precaution

Douglas A. Kysar

in Regulating from Nowhere: Environmental Law and the Search for Objectivity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300120011
eISBN:
9780300163308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300120011.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter argues that precautionary approaches to environmental, health, and safety regulation display greater sensitivity to the inevitable situatedness of collective decision making than do ... More


Why Simple Heuristics Make Life Both Easier and Harder: A Social–Psychological Perspective

Klaus Fiedler and Michaela Wänke

in Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The purpose of the present chapter is to consider social rationality from the perspective of social psychology. According to the dual-process approaches that dominate contemporary social psychology, ... More


Making the most of individual differences in joint decisions

Bahador Bahrami

in Metacognitive Diversity: An Interdisciplinary Approach

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198789710
eISBN:
9780191841675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789710.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

Evidence for and against the idea that “two heads are better than one” is abundant. This chapter considers the contextual conditions and social norms that predict madness or wisdom of crowds to ... More


Introduction

Stephen Elstub

in Towards a Deliberative and Associational Democracy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748627394
eISBN:
9780748652716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627394.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter presents the argument that, in order to help solve the legitimacy problems faced by modern democracies, we should move towards a deliberative and associational democracy. There are three ... More


Reflexive Governance for Global Public Goods

Eric Brousseau, Tom Dedeurwaerdere, and Bernd Siebenhüner (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017244
eISBN:
9780262301213
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017244.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Global public goods (GPGs)—the economic term for a broad range of goods and services that benefit everyone, including a stable climate, public health, and economic security—pose notable governance ... More


Improving Public Policy Decisions in Creating Institutions and Markets to Transfer Natural Disaster Risk in Developing Countries

Jerry R. Skees and Grant Cavanaugh

in Comparative Decision Making

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199856800
eISBN:
9780199301508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856800.003.0045
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter considers patterns in individual and collective decision making that lead to a prevailing under-preparedness for natural catastrophes. They focus on a particular risk-management ... More


Introduction

Matt Qvortrup

in The Politics of Participation: From Athens to E-Democracy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719076589
eISBN:
9781781701560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719076589.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book analyses talking, voting and fighting among citizens, in an attempt to understand why and when ordinary people engage in these activities or combinations of them. Political activity defies ... More


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