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A Contract on Future Generations?

Stephen M. Gardiner

in Intergenerational Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199282951
eISBN:
9780191712319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282951.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Contract theories — such as contractarianism and contractualism — seek to justify (and sometimes to explain) moral and political ideals and principles through the notion of ‘mutually agreeable ... More


Access Points and Bias in Trade Policy

Sean D. Ehrlich

in Access Points: An Institutional Theory of Policy Bias and Policy Complexity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737536
eISBN:
9780199918645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737536.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter and the two that follow use Access Point Theory to explain bias in policy outcomes, starting here with an examination of tariff rates and trade policy. Protectionists should have a ... More


Democracy and the Commons

Steven Vogel

in Thinking like a Mall: Environmental Philosophy after the End of Nature

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029100
eISBN:
9780262326988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029100.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

The collective action problem Hardin named the tragedy of the commons is another version of the phenomenon that Marx called alienation. The aggregated effect of the individual actions of myriad ... More


The Innovation Problem

Jason Potts

in Innovation Commons: The Origin of Economic Growth

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190937492
eISBN:
9780190937539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190937492.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Microeconomics

Explains the nature of the innovation problem as an economic problem in the context of economic trade and long-run growth. Distinguishes between a market failure definition of the innovation problem ... More


The Utopian Impulse in International Relations

in The Perils of Global Legalism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226675749
eISBN:
9780226675923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226675923.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Economists call the various essential goods and services that cannot be supplied privately—including defense against external aggression, law enforcement, a currency, a social safety net, enforcement ... More


How Much Environmental Regulation Will a Country Have?

Sean D. Ehrlich

in Access Points: An Institutional Theory of Policy Bias and Policy Complexity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737536
eISBN:
9780199918645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737536.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Existing research has extensively examined whether democratic or dictatorial regimes are better for the environment, but little research has investigated how democracies might differ among ... More


Rationality in Collective Action

Margaret Gilbert

in Joint Commitment: How We Make the Social World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199970148
eISBN:
9780199369898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199970148.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Two senses of “collective action” are discussed in this paper. To begin, “collective action” is interpreted as a matter of people doing something together, and it is assumed that such collective ... More


Problem, Background, Method

Matthew Simonton

in Classical Greek Oligarchy: A Political History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174976
eISBN:
9781400885145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174976.003.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

This book examines the rule of the few, or oligarchia (oligarchy), in ancient Greece. It considers the relationship between the rulers and the wider male citizenry (demos) of an oligarchically ... More


Collective Action and Dimensions of Power

Keith Dowding

in Rational Choice and Political Power

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781529206333
eISBN:
9781529206371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529206333.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Taking the resource bargaining model of the previous chapter and applying the theory of action this chapter explodes some myths about the analysis of power. It carefully explains Steven Lukes three ... More


Protecting Vulnerable Languages: The Public Good Argument

Alan Patten

in Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy Volume 5

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198841425
eISBN:
9780191876943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841425.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explores an important but understudied argument in favor of protections for vulnerable languages. The argument observes that speakers of such languages can face a collective action ... More


The Conceptual Framework: Collective Action, Trust, Culture, and Ideas

Andrea Lorenzo Capussela

in The Political Economy of Italy's Decline

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198796992
eISBN:
9780191838620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198796992.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems, Public and Welfare

This chapter completes the theoretical framework of the book by juxtaposing institutional economics with the literature on the collective action problem, social norms, culture, and ideas. It ... More


From “Inconvenient Truth” to Effective Governance: The UNFCCC, the Paris Agreement, and the Future of Climate Governance

Richard Passarelli, David Michel, and William Durch

in Just Security in an Undergoverned World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198805373
eISBN:
9780191843440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805373.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The Earth’s climate system is a global public good. Maintaining it is a collective action problem. This chapter looks at a quarter-century of efforts to understand and respond to the challenges posed ... More


The Use of Indicators to Measure Government Responses to Human Trafficking

Anne T. Gallagher and Janie Chuang

in Governance by Indicators: Global Power through Quantification and Rankings

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199658244
eISBN:
9780199949915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658244.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter explores the main efforts to produce compliance-focused indicators that can help improve international treaties against human trafficking. It shows that the power held by the US State ... More


The Flaws of Global Legalism

in The Perils of Global Legalism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226675749
eISBN:
9780226675923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226675923.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

If the rule of law has flourished in the United States and many (though not most) other states, why can't it flourish internationally? The global legalist might point out that individuals overcome ... More


Why “Business as Usual” Cannot Continue

John A. Mathews

in Greening of Capitalism: How Asia Is Driving the Next Great Transformation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780804791502
eISBN:
9780804793162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804791502.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The third chapter evaluates the evidence as to why “business as usual” cannot be allowed to continue. It is the vast scale of the changes to the natural world unleashed by industrial capitalism that ... More


Analyzing Legal Formality and Informality: Lessons from Land Titling and Microfinance Programs 1

Antara Haldar and Joseph E. Stiglitz

in Law and Economics with Chinese Characteristics: Institutions for Promoting Development in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199698547
eISBN:
9780191745522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698547.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This paper critically examines the validity of the prescriptions of conventional law and economics theory using evidence from two programs aimed at poverty alleviation through improving ... More


Betraying the Future

Stephen M. Gardiner

in Debating Climate Ethics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199996476
eISBN:
9780190614775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199996476.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that ethics plays a fundamental role in climate policy for three reasons. First, we need ethical concepts to identify the relevant problem, otherwise we risk violating ... More


Measuring Borrowing Portfolios and Group Strength

Jonas B. Bunte

in Raise the Debt: How Developing Countries Choose Their Creditors

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190866167
eISBN:
9780190909581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190866167.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy, International Relations and Politics

This chapter describes how data for the statistical analysis were obtained. First, the dependent variable captures countries’ borrowing portfolios, that is, the share of loans obtained from a ... More


The Restructuring Process

Lee Buchheit, Guillaume Chabert, Chanda DeLong, and Jeromin Zettelmeyer

in Sovereign Debt: A Guide for Economists and Practitioners

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198850823
eISBN:
9780191885693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198850823.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

This chapter goes into depth on the debt restructuring process itself, a topic which has not been covered in the literature in detail before. It gives a step-by-step outline of how restructurings ... More


Alternatives and Implications

Ron Mallon

in The Construction of Human Kinds

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198755678
eISBN:
9780191816796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755678.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Mallon concludes by comparing his own entrenched social role account to others, and he considers its normative implications. Mallon begins by returning to both naturalist and skeptical approaches to ... More


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