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Innocents, Double Effect and Proportionality

Uwe Steinhoff

in On the Ethics of War and Terrorism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199217373
eISBN:
9780191712470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217373.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Appealing to the doctrine of double effect, just war theorists claim that only the direct and intentional killing of innocents violates their rights, but not the mere acceptance of their killing as a ... More


Ethics for Enemies: Terror, Torture, and War

F. M. Kamm

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608782
eISBN:
9780191729577
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608782.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This is a book of three philosophical chapters on aspects of terrorism, torture, and war. It relates issues in ethical theory to practical ethics. The chapter on torture considers views about what ... More


Restorative Justice in Prisons

Barb Toews and M. Kay Harris

in Social Work and Restorative Justice: Skills for Dialogue, Peacemaking, and Reconciliation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195394641
eISBN:
9780199863365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394641.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

This chapter argues that the effects of incarceration and prisoners' reentry into the greater community intersects with social work through its concentration on criminal justice. Incarceration and ... More


Consequences of Liberalizing Derivatives Markets

Randall Dodd

in Capital Market Liberalization and Development

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199230587
eISBN:
9780191710896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230587.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyses the consequences of growth and development of derivatives markets in developing countries in the context of deregulated financial markets. It discusses both the economic ... More


Introduction: The Mammography Story

Handel Reynolds

in The Big Squeeze: A Social and Political History of the Controversial Mammogram

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450938
eISBN:
9780801466007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450938.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This introductory chapter sets out the book's purpose, which is to chronicle the often turbulent history of screening mammography since its introduction in the early 1970s. The book makes five key ... More


Theories of Financial Contracting and Debt

Oliver Hart

in Firms, Contracts, and Financial Structure

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288817
eISBN:
9780191596353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288816.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Studies the optimal financial contract written by a wealth‐constrained entrepreneur who raises funds from an outside investor to purchase an asset. The models presented assume that the entrepreneur ... More


Testimony of Kemba Smith before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights: March 3, 2006

Rickie Solinger, Paula C. Johnson, Martha L. Raimon, Tina Reynolds, and Ruby C. Tapia

in Interrupted Life: Experiences of Incarcerated Women in the United States

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252493
eISBN:
9780520944565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252493.003.0069
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

The testimony of Kemba Smith, who had never handled, used, or sold any drugs when she was sentenced as a first-time non-violent drug offender to almost twenty-five years in prison, defines the ... More


Fragmented Credit Markets

Pranab Bardhan and Christopher Udry

in Development Microeconomics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198773719
eISBN:
9780191595929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198773714.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

One aspect of financial markets that is of great relevance to economic development is the study of credit mechanism design by lenders facing private information. This chapter first develops a model ... More


Civilian Immunity and Civilian Liability

Jeff McMahan

in Killing in War

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199548668
eISBN:
9780191721045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548668.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter criticizes the orthodox view that all civilians are morally immune from intentional attack simply by virtue of their status as civilians. Among other things, this view makes liability a ... More


Post-Collective Land Tenure: An Analysis of Assignment Rules and Farm Productivity *

Louis Putterman

in Continuity and Change in China’s Rural Development: Collective and Reform Eras in Perspective

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195078725
eISBN:
9780199854950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195078725.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter presents a detailed discussion of the effects of different land-allocation formula on farm productivity, distribution of income, and eventually, economic growth. Scholars assert that ... More


Credit and social relations

Chris Briggs

in Credit and Village Society in Fourteenth-Century England

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264416
eISBN:
9780191734342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264416.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

In the previous chapters, the dominant view of the creditor-debtor relationship was exploitative – where lenders capitalize on the dependence of the poor borrowers. In this view, the creditors ... More


Stick Together and Come Back Home: Racial Sorting and the Spillover of Carceral Identity

Patrick Lopez-Aguado

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780520288584
eISBN:
9780520963450
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520288584.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This book focuses on the spillover of carceral identity into poor communities of color as a collateral consequence of mass incarceration. Analyzing fifteen months of ethnographic research in two ... More


Introduction

Neta C. Crawford

in Accountability for Killing: Moral Responsibility for Collateral Damage in America's Post-9/11 Wars

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199981724
eISBN:
9780199369942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199981724.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, American Politics

“Collateral damage” is defined in U.S. military documents as “Unintentional or incidental injury or damage to persons or objects that would not be lawful military targets in the circumstances ruling ... More


Borrowers, Investors, and Usury Laws

Peter Temin and Hans-Joachim Voth

in Prometheus Shackled: Goldsmith Banks and England's Financial Revolution after 1700

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199944279
eISBN:
9780199980789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199944279.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The English law set a maximum interest rate on loans. To trace the regulation's effect, this chapter examines the tightening of the usury laws in 1714, when the maximum permissible rate was reduced ... More


Privity

Robert Stevens

in Torts and Rights

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199211609
eISBN:
9780191705946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211609.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

The only person who can enforce a right is the right-holder, and persons who suffer loss because of the infringement of someone else's right do not have standing to sue. So, if a parent is ... More


The Crime of Being in Charge: Executive Culpability and Collateral Consequences

Katrice Bridges Copeland

in FDA in the Twenty-First Century: The Challenges of Regulating Drugs and New Technologies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171182
eISBN:
9780231540070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171182.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter argues that pharmaceutical executives, who are charged as responsible corporate officers and receive minor criminal penalties, should not face the harsh civil remedy of exclusion from ... More


Functioning of the Eurosystem framework since 1999

F. Papadia and T. Välimäki

in The Concrete Euro: Implementing Monetary Policy in the Euro Area

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199557523
eISBN:
9780191725005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557523.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, International

This chapter examines empirically the actual functioning of the Eurosystem framework for the implementation of monetary policy, i.e. the monetary policy implementation technology, in normal times and ... More


Paint it Black1

Mark Olsen

in Michael Mann Cinema And Television: Interviews, 1980-2012

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780748693542
eISBN:
9781474406451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748693542.003.0011
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter presents an interview with Michael Mann, who talks about his film Collateral. Mann explains why he explored the aesthetics of digital video in Collateral; whether digital allowed him to ... More


L.A. Belongs to the Coyotes1

Leif Kramp

in Michael Mann Cinema And Television: Interviews, 1980-2012

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780748693542
eISBN:
9781474406451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748693542.003.0013
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter presents an interview with Michael Mann, who talks about his film Collateral and its star, Tom Cruise, as well as censorship issues raised about Hollywood by Christian fundamentalists. ... More


Collective self-defence

Cécile Fabre

in Cosmopolitan War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199567164
eISBN:
9780191746055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567164.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Chapter 2 offers an account of wars of collective self-defence against an unwarranted military aggression—the paradigmatic case of a just war, and yet the kind of war, precisely, which might seem to ... More


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