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Three‐Dimensionalist Supervenience

Thomas Sattig

in The Language and Reality of Time

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199279524
eISBN:
9780191604041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199279527.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter develops a three-dimensionalist account of temporal supervenience — the temporal-regions account — and argues that the latter shares the main virtues and avoids the main drawbacks of its ... More


Knowing Right From Wrong

Kieran Setiya

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199657452
eISBN:
9780191745539
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657452.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Can we have objective knowledge of right and wrong, of how we should live and what there is reason to do? The thought that we can is beset by sceptical problems. In the face of radical disagreement, ... More


Property Realization

Sydney Shoemaker

in Physical Realization

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199214396
eISBN:
9780191706738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214396.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses what it is for two properties to be such that instantiations of the one realize instantiations of the other — as it might be, instances of C-fiber firing realize instances of ... More


Telephonic Film

Ned Schantz

in Gossip, Letters, Phones: The Scandal of Female Networks in Film and Literature

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195335910
eISBN:
9780199868902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335910.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies, Women's Literature

This chapter considers what our fantasies of the telephone have to do with our fantasies at the movies. It calls out the Classical Hollywood Telephone, the quiet object whose smooth transmission of ... More


Voices Carry: Film and Telepathy

Ned Schantz

in Gossip, Letters, Phones: The Scandal of Female Networks in Film and Literature

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195335910
eISBN:
9780199868902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335910.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies, Women's Literature

This chapter pursues the problem of coincidence on the telephone in its greatest cinematic example—Sorry, Wrong Number—all the way to the ambivalent dream of telepathy, a major fantasy of novelistic ... More


Self, Agency, and Mental Causation

E. J. Lowe

in Personal Agency: The Metaphysics of Mind and Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199217144
eISBN:
9780191712418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217144.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter shows how, consistently with accepting a fairly strong principle of physical causal closure, a dualistic theory of mental causation can be made plausible by emphasizing the explanatory ... More


Composition as Non‐Identity

Kathrin Koslicki

in The Structure of Objects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539895
eISBN:
9780191716300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539895.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

The positive view adopted later in this book defends a conception of parthood and composition which carries genuine ontological commitment: contrary to the Lewisian Composition-as-Identity model, ... More


Minimalism

Sam Rohdie

in Film Modernism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781784992637
eISBN:
9781526104151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992637.003.0031
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The stories, as narrated by Bresson, only appear to be predestined after the fact, not before. Nothing that comes before determines the final outcome until the outcome is reached and then as a ... More


Are Neurons Adapted for Specific Computations? Examples from Temporal Coding in the Auditory System

C. E. Carr, S. Iyer, D. Soares, S. Kalluri, and J. Z. Simon

in 23 Problems in Systems Neuroscience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195148220
eISBN:
9780199864676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148220.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter makes the case that neurons may be adapted for particular tasks, using the example of temporal coding cells in the vertebrate auditory system because their function is well known. It ... More


Mathematics in application

Penelope Maddy

in Second Philosophy: A Naturalistic Method

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199273669
eISBN:
9780191706264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273669.003.0024
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Turning now to the role of mathematics in natural science, this chapter takes up a number of themes. First, the Quine/Putnam idea that the indispensability of mathematics for much of science confirms ... More


Compton scattering instrumentation

H. Kawata and N. Shiotani

in X-Ray Compton Scattering

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198501688
eISBN:
9780191718045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198501688.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter deals with all practical aspects of the instrumentation used for synchrotron radiation-based measurements, discussing the resolution and photon flux attainable with synchrotron insertion ... More


Photon detection

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter begins with a brief description of methods of primary photon detection: the photoelectric effect, rectifying detection, photothermal effects, photon beam amplifiers, ... More


Identity, Essence, and Indiscernibility

Stephen Yablo

in Things: Papers on Objects, Events, and Properties

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199266487
eISBN:
9780191594274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266487.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

What Kripke calls the ‘dark doctrine of a relation of contingent identity’ appears to violate Leibniz's Law. If x and y are identical, they share all their properties; since x has the property of ... More


Measurement of radiative lifetimes of atoms and molecules

Alan Corney

in Atomic and Laser Spectroscopy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211456
eISBN:
9780191705915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211456.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses techniques which have been used to make experimental measurements of radiative lifetimes of atoms and molecules using the beam-foil and delayed-coincidence methods.


A Superior–Subordinate Relationship Between the Accused and Those Who Committed the Underlying Offences

Guenael Mettraux

in The Law of Command Responsibility

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559329
eISBN:
9780191705304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559329.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the first constitutive element of the doctrine of superior responsibility, namely, the requirement that there must exist a relationship of authority between the accused and ... More


The Legal Doctrines of Intervening Causation

Michael S. Moore

in Causation and Responsibility: An Essay in Law, Morals, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199256860
eISBN:
9780191719653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256860.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter lays out the doctrinal intricacies of the test. These mostly concern the crucial idea of an intervening cause. An intervening cause is described as any event (and not a state or an ... More


Some Attempted Solutions

John Foster

in The Divine Lawmaker: Lectures on Induction, Laws of Nature, and the Existence of God

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199250592
eISBN:
9780191600913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250596.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

There are various ways of trying to justify induction by appeal to certain a priori principles of probability. But all such appeals fail, either by being irrelevant to the issue or by begging the ... More


Origins

Hidemi Suganami

in On the Causes of War

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273387
eISBN:
9780191684043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273387.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Kenneth Waltz, one of the most influential theorists of international relations, and of war in particular, has paid very little attention to the variety of ways in which war comes about. His main ... More


Intersectional Inequality: Race, Class, Test Scores, and Poverty

Charles C. Ragin and Peer C. Fiss

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226414379
eISBN:
9780226414546
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226414546.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Methodology and Statistics

The central analytic focus of most policy-oriented social research today is the assessment of the relative importance of competing independent variables in multivariate analyses. A researcher might ... More


Agency, Substance Causation, and Top-Down Causation

Helen Steward

in A Metaphysics for Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199552054
eISBN:
9780191738838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552054.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

In this chapter, it is explained in what sense the book’s view of agency is, and in what sense it is not, a version of agent causationism. The chapter responds to certain criticisms of agent ... More


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