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Theories of Truth

Graham Priest

in Doubt Truth to be a Liar

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199263288
eISBN:
9780191603631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263280.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter surveys standard theories of truth, and argues that they are all compatible with dialetheism.


Theory of Truth

Trenton Merricks

in Truth and Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205233
eISBN:
9780191709302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205233.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the correspondence theory of truth is false. However this chapter defends realism about truth: it insists that that the Trojans were conquered is true if and only if the ... More


Bayesian Epistemology

Luc Bovens and Stephan Hartmann

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199269754
eISBN:
9780191601705
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269750.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Probabilistic models have much to offer to epistemology and philosophy of science. Arguably, the coherence theory of justification claims that the more coherent a set of propositions is, the more ... More


The Relevance of Coherence

JOSEPH RAZ

in Ethics in the Public Domain: Essays in the Morality of Law and Politics

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260691
eISBN:
9780191682148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260691.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter indicates some of the leading elements in the philosophical climate of opinion which look to coherence-based accounts. It considers the merit and relevance of coherence in explaining the ... More


Evaluating Judges

Gregory Mitchell

in The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195367584
eISBN:
9780199776917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367584.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Much of the interest in empirical studies of judges lies in the comparison of actual to ideal behavior to reach conclusions about judicial competence. We may decompose any empirical study that ... More


Truth and Correspondence

Ernest Lepore and Kirk Ludwig

in Donald Davidson's Truth-Theoretic Semantics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199290932
eISBN:
9780191710445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290932.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses the relation of theories of truth to the program of truth-theoretic semantics. It reviews briefly three traditional theories of truth and their relation to Tarski-style ... More


Truth as One

Michael P. Lynch

in Truth as One and Many

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199218738
eISBN:
9780191711794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218738.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This chapter examines and criticizes the two most plausible traditional theories of truth: the correspondence and pragmatist/coherence accounts. Traditional theories of this sort are species of ... More


The Tortoise and the Serpent: Sellars on the Structure of Empirical Knowledge

Michael Williams

in Empiricism, Perceptual Knowledge, Normativity, and Realism: Essays on Wilfrid Sellars

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573301
eISBN:
9780191722172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573301.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In ‘Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind’, (EPM) Sellars adumbrates an epistemological third way that avoids the pitfalls of the traditional alternatives — foundationalism and coherentism — while ... More


The Knowledge Cycle

Keith Lehrer

in Metamind

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198248507
eISBN:
9780191681141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248507.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explains the difference between a foundation theory and a coherence theory of epistemic justification. It argues that weak foundation theories fail to distinguish themselves from ... More


Developments in Idealist Logic

W. J. Mander

in British Idealism: A History

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199559299
eISBN:
9780191725531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559299.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the later developments in Idealist logic. Detailed discussion is provided of the coherence theory of truth as set out by Joachim, attacked by Russell and Moore, and defended by ... More


Information

Luc Bovens and Stephan Hartmann

in Bayesian Epistemology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199269754
eISBN:
9780191601705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269750.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Shows how the degree of confidence that information from multiple sources is a function of the plausibility and the coherence of the information as well as of the reliability of the sources. There is ... More


Truth and an African Language

Kwasi Wiredu

in African Philosophy: New and Traditional Perspectives

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195114409
eISBN:
9780199785827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019511440X.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This essay compares the conceptions of truth within Akan and Western languages. It explores Western conceptions of truth, focusing on the correspondence, coherence, and pragmatic theories of truth. ... More


Truth and Knowledge

P. F. Strawson

in Analysis and Metaphysics: An Introduction to Philosophy

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198751182
eISBN:
9780191695032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198751182.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the notion of truth and its relations to the theory of knowledge and linguistic meaning. It examines the conflicts between the Correspondence Theory and the Coherence Theory. ... More


Theory Appraisal: Inference to the Best Explanation

Brian D. Haig

in Investigating the Psychological World: Scientific Method in the Behavioral Sciences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027366
eISBN:
9780262322379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027366.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter recommends the use of inference to the best explanation for evaluating the worth of theories in psychology. It is suggested that it is a more appropriate account of theory appraisal than ... More


Principles, Conflicts, and Defeats: An Approach from a Coherentist Theory *

Juan Manuel Pérez Bermejo

in The Logic of Legal Requirements: Essays on Defeasibility

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661640
eISBN:
9780191745461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661640.003.0018
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter enquires into the defeasibility of legal principles and upholds that only a rightly interpreted principles' theory is able to reconcile law's normativity and its necessity for adaptation ... More


The Non-existence of Foundational Truths

Jan Westerhoff

in The Non-Existence of the Real World

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198847915
eISBN:
9780191882548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198847915.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses problems that arise from the assumption that there is a final, ultimately true theory of the world and considers a variety of arguments (connected with the coherence theory of ... More


Realism in Epistemology

Ilkka Niiniluoto

in Critical Scientific Realism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251612
eISBN:
9780191598098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251614.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Epistemological realism claims that it is possible to obtain knowledge about mind‐independent reality. Critical realism accepts fallibilism as a via media between scepticism and dogmatism: scientific ... More


A Naturalistic Epistemology: Selected Papers

Hilary Kornblith

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198712459
eISBN:
9780191780783
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712459.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book contains thirteen chapters on the theme of naturalistic epistemology. They present a specific version of a naturalistic epistemology, together with critical discussion of alternative ... More


Davidson’s Cogito

Tim Button

in The Limits of Realism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199672172
eISBN:
9780191758393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672172.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter constitutes a slight digression from the debate between internal and external realism. Chapters 12 and 13 treated the brain-in-vat scenario as an attempt to generate nightmarish ... More


Beyond Foundationalism and the Coherence Theory

Hilary Kornblith

in A Naturalistic Epistemology: Selected Papers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198712459
eISBN:
9780191780783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712459.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is argued that foundationalism and the coherence theory of justification rest on a common false presupposition, that the proper approach to epistemological questions is apsychological. The ... More


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