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Truth, Fiction, and Literature: A Philosophical Perspective

Peter Lamarque and Stein Haugom Olsen

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236818
eISBN:
9780191679377
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236818.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Language

This book examines the complex and varied ways in which fictions relate to the real world, and offers a precise account of how imaginative works of literature can use fictional content to explore ... More


The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Stephen Gaukroger

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The West's sense of itself, its relation to its past, and its sense of its future have been profoundly altered since the 17th century as cognitive values generally have gradually come to be shaped ... More


The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Stephen Gaukroger

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

Understanding the emergence of a scientific culture—one in which cognitive values generally are modelled on, or subordinated to, scientific ones—is one of the foremost historical and philosophical ... More


Frege (1991)

TYLER BURGE

in Truth, Thought, Reason: Essays on Frege

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199278534
eISBN:
9780191706943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278534.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of how Gottlob Frege's name and work remain unknown to the wider intellectual public. It then describes Frege's contributions to philosophy, ... More


What Knowledge Is and What It Ought to Be: Feminist Values and Normative Epistemology

Sally Haslanger

in Resisting Reality: Social Construction and Social Critique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199892631
eISBN:
9780199980055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892631.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Much of contemporary analytic epistemology has been concerned with the semantics of claims to know. For the most part, feminist epistemology pursues different questions about knowledge. The chapter ... More


Language, Truth, and Literature: A Defence of Literary Humanism

Richard Gaskin

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199657902
eISBN:
9780191756337
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657902.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Language

According to the literary humanist, works of literature refer to the real world and make statements about that world which are of cognitive as well as aesthetic value; the two kinds of value are ... More


Literary Humanism: Analytical Objections and Responses

Richard Gaskin

in Language, Truth, and Literature: A Defence of Literary Humanism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199657902
eISBN:
9780191756337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657902.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Language

In this chapter a distinction is made between propositional and non-propositional knowledge and it is argued, against a number of critics, that works of literature typically convey propositional ... More


Literary Humanism: Sense, Reference, and Knowledge

Richard Gaskin

in Language, Truth, and Literature: A Defence of Literary Humanism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199657902
eISBN:
9780191756337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657902.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Language

In this chapter a provisional definition of literary humanism is given; it is argued that the theses associated with it by that definition are best understood in the context of a special application ... More


Literature as Thought

Robert Stecker

in Intersections of Value: Art, Nature, and the Everyday

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198789956
eISBN:
9780191876271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789956.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Moral Philosophy

This chapter has three main aims. The first is to argue for a modest view of the cognitive value of fiction in the context of the arts. This view asserts that we acquire from such works new ... More


Intersections of Value: Art, Nature, and the Everyday

Robert Stecker

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198789956
eISBN:
9780191876271
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789956.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Moral Philosophy

This book is about the universal human need to aesthetically experience the world around us. To this end, it examines three appreciative contexts where aesthetic value plays a central role: art, ... More


On the Defense of Literary Value: From Early German Romanticism to Analytic Philosophy of Literature

Brady Bowman

in The Relevance of Romanticism: Essays on German Romantic Philosophy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199976201
eISBN:
9780199395507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199976201.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Identifying cognition in general with propositional knowledge exposes the cognitive value of literature to abiding skepticism. This chapter argues that German romanticism has generated two competing ... More


Why Artistic Value is not Aesthetic Value

Robert Stecker

in Intersections of Value: Art, Nature, and the Everyday

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198789956
eISBN:
9780191876271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789956.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that artistic value is a distinct kind of value from aesthetic value. Artistic value is a function of, and derived from, a plurality of more basic values, including, but not ... More


Questions of Character

Iskra Fileva (ed.)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199357703
eISBN:
9780199357734
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357703.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This anthology brings together first-rate philosophers with a variety of backgrounds, as well as scholars from psychology, economics, and law in order to deliver a collection that captures the ... More


Ideology and Literary Humanism

Richard Gaskin

in Language, Truth, and Literature: A Defence of Literary Humanism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199657902
eISBN:
9780191756337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657902.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Language

This chapter looks at poststructuralism: this tendency has two distinct strands, a meaning-theoretic one, namely deconstruction, and an ideological one, in the form of political (usually Marxist) ... More


On (Not) Making Oneself Known

John Gibson

in Shakespeare's Hamlet: Philosophical Perspectives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190698515
eISBN:
9780190698553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190698515.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter uses an exploration of the nature of selfhood in Hamlet to stage a discussion of the concept of literary knowledge. What does it mean to claim for our various practices of literary ... More


Misreading Emma

David Davies

in Jane Austen's Emma: Philosophical Perspectives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190689414
eISBN:
9780190689452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190689414.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Emma Woodhouse misreads the intentions, and the significance of the actions, of those around her in ways that reflect both her projects and her own acknowledged or unacknowledged desires. Moreover, ... More


Believing in Stories

Stacie Friend

in Aesthetics and the Sciences of Mind

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199669639
eISBN:
9780191749384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669639.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

There is a widespread assumption that we can learn facts from fiction: ordinary empirical facts about history, geography, society, biology, and so on. Although nothing about the nature of fiction ... More


The Inner Paradise

Tzachi Zamir

in The Philosophy of Poetry

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199603671
eISBN:
9780191796241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603671.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Language

This chapter calls into question the habit of explaining the relationship between philosophy and literature in terms of a ‘compensatory’ thesis according to which literature is able to bring to ... More


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