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Neuropsychological rehabilitation of schizophrenia

Bjørn Rishovd Rund

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.034
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia. It describes the two distinctly different approaches in cognitive therapy with schizophrenic patients. One focuses on ... More


Treating Attentional Impairments

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

in Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.003.010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 10 addresses the significant issue of treatment of attentional impairment through both stimulant medication and psychosocial intervention. A considerable literature exists examining the ... More


Review of the Evidence on, and Fundamental Questions About, Efforts to Improve Executive Functions, Including Working Memory

Adele Diamond and Daphne S. Ling

in Cognitive and Working Memory Training: Perspectives from Psychology, Neuroscience, and Human Development

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780199974467
eISBN:
9780190076177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199974467.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This systematic review of executive function (EF) interventions is the largest such review thus far, including 179 studies from all over the world, reported in 193 papers. It covers all the ways that ... More


Cognitive Training in Healthy Aging: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective

Lars Nyberg

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter begins with a review of studies on the effectiveness of various forms of cognitive training on the performance of younger and older adults. It then presents results from structural and ... More


Learning, Cognitive Training, and Cognitive Stimulation

Pamela M. Greenwood and Raja Parasuraman

in Nurturing the Older Brain and Mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017145
eISBN:
9780262301336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017145.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents studies on the importance of cognitive training in maintaining benefits of cognitive functioning. The importance of cognitive training for the brain integrity and cognitive ... More


Neuroscience Perspectives on Cognitive Training

Stefanie E. Kuchinsky and Henk J. Haarmann

in Cognitive and Working Memory Training: Perspectives from Psychology, Neuroscience, and Human Development

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780199974467
eISBN:
9780190076177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199974467.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

The aim of this chapter is to spark a discussion regarding how cognitive neuroscience research can aid in the evaluation and development of effective cognitive training protocols. In particular, the ... More


Cognitive rehabilitation in early-stage dementia: Evidence, practice and future directions

Linda Clare

in The Effectiveness of Rehabilitation for Cognitive Deficits

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198526544
eISBN:
9780191689420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526544.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Rehabilitation approaches aiming to optimize well-being and manage disability provide an appropriate framework for the care of people with ... More


Logical and Methodological Considerations in Cognitive Training Research

Benjamin Katz and Priti Shah

in Cognitive and Working Memory Training: Perspectives from Psychology, Neuroscience, and Human Development

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780199974467
eISBN:
9780190076177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199974467.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

It is unclear whether existing computer-based cognitive training can improve prefrontal function in a manner relevant to real-life outcomes. An important scientific goal for research is to identify ... More


The Link of Intellectual Engagement to Cognitive and Brain Aging

Martin Lövdén, Lars Bäckman, and Ulman Lindenberger

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking Cognitive and Cerebral Aging

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780199372935
eISBN:
9780190662264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199372935.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Is there sufficient plasticity in the aging brain that allows humans to improve their cognitive performance through brain training or other experience? This chapter provides a detailed analysis of ... More


Enhancing Human Cognitive Capital by Harnessing the Brain’s Inherent Neuroplasticity

Sandra B. Chapman, Lori G. Cook, Asha K. Vas, and Ian H. Robertson

in Human Performance Optimization: The Science and Ethics of Enhancing Human Capabilities

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190455132
eISBN:
9780190455156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190455132.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter addresses the capability to enhance human cognitive performance (i.e., cognitive capital) through training, with the down-range goal of improving functionality in contexts of great ... More


Combined Effects of Interventions and Preventative Actions

Pamela M. Greenwood and Raja Parasuraman

in Nurturing the Older Brain and Mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017145
eISBN:
9780262301336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017145.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on the effects that lifestyle factors have on the cognitive and brain integrity of animals and humans. Studies show that lifestyle factors, including diet, exercise, and ... More


Intervention Studies

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle Longitudinal Study

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195386134
eISBN:
9780190255657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195386134.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter summarizes the findings of cognitive intervention studies that form part of the Seattle Longitudinal Study (SLS), first launched in 1956 to investigate various aspects of intellectual ... More


Biocultural Coconstruction of Brain Plasticity across the Life Span: From Cognitive Training to Neurotransmitters

Shu-Chen Li

in Developing Scaffolds in Evolution, Culture, and Cognition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019552
eISBN:
9780262314787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019552.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Chapter 15 focuses on the emerging trend of interdisciplinary research that aims at exploring the effects of socio-culturally contextualized experiences and learning on human brain functioning. An ... More


Fostering Creativity: Insights from Neuroscience

Oshin Vartanian

in Neuroscience of Creativity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019583
eISBN:
9780262314695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019583.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Based on a componential view of creativity, the focus of this chapter is to demonstrate that the neural bases of creativity can be impacted by boosting working memory and fluid intelligence—two of ... More


Cognitive and Working Memory Training: Perspectives from Psychology, Neuroscience, and Human Development

Jared M. Novick, Michael F. Bunting, Michael R. Dougherty, and Randall W. Engle (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780199974467
eISBN:
9780190076177
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199974467.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

We have assembled an interdisciplinary group of distinguished authors—all experts in the field—who have been testing the efficacy of cognitive and working-memory training using a combination of ... More


Evaluating the Specificity of Effects of Video Game Training

Kasey L. Powers and Patricia J. Brooks

in Learning by Playing: Video Gaming in Education

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199896646
eISBN:
9780190256142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199896646.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter explores the relationship between the specific features of the video games used for training and the skills acquired. It first reviews previous meta-analyses of the effects of video ... More


The Induction of Synaesthesia in Non-Synaesthetes

Devin B. Terhune, David P. Luke, and Roi Cohen Kadosh

in Sensory Blending: On Synaesthesia and related phenomena

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780199688289
eISBN:
9780191767609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199688289.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter we review research examining the induction of synaesthesia with training, posthypnotic suggestion, and pharmacological agents in non-synaesthetes. Each of these methods has been shown ... More


Subjective Perceptions of Cognitive Change

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle Longitudinal Study

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195386134
eISBN:
9780190255657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195386134.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter summarizes the findings of the Seattle Longitudinal Study (SLS) regarding subjective perceptions of cognitive change. First launched in 1956, the SLS was designed to investigate various ... More


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