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Overview of In Vivo Cortical Oscillations

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

brain oscillations occur spontaneously, for example during sleep; as part of evoked responses following specific sensory stimulations; and as a correlate of cognitive and motor processes. In the ... More


Inconsistency in response time as an indicator of cognitive aging

David F. Hultsch, Michael A. Hunter, Stuart W. S. MacDonald, and Esther Strauss

in Measuring the Mind: Speed, control, and age

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566427
eISBN:
9780191693588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566427.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers the proposition that intraindividual variability in speed of performance is a useful indicator of cognitive ageing. It reviews recent research that examines both group ... More


Variation in Working Memory Capacity as Variation in Executive Attention and Control

Michael J. Kane, Andrew R. A. Conway, David Z. Hambrick, and Randall W. Engle

in Variation in Working Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195168648
eISBN:
9780199847297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168648.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter shows how immediate memory represents a distinct system or set of processes from long memory. Working memory (WM) was proposed as a dynamic system that enabled active maintenance of ... More


Working Memory Across the Adult Lifespan

Denise C. Park and Doris Payer

in Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169539
eISBN:
9780199847204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines changes in working memory in children and older adults. The construct of working memory has been central in the study of cognitive aging. The development of the construct of ... More


Assessment of executive dysfunction

John R. Crawford and Julie D. Henry

in The Effectiveness of Rehabilitation for Cognitive Deficits

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198526544
eISBN:
9780191689420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526544.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter focuses on the measurement properties of putative tests of executive dysfunction and on validity information. It reviews the tests ... More


What limits working memory span?

Alan Baddeley

in Working Memory, Thought, and Action

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528012
eISBN:
9780191689505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528012.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Working memory span is capable of predicting a remarkably wide range of complex cognitive tasks. This chapter analyses the component of working memory span, beginning with unitary hypotheses ... More


Working Memory and Retrieval: An Inhibition-Resource Approach

Randall W. Engle

in Working Memory and Human Cognition

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195100990
eISBN:
9780199846849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195100990.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines an inhibition-resource approach in the analysis of working memory and information retrieval. It considers issues relevant in explaining individual difference in working-memory ... More


What do estimates of working memory capacity tell us?

Nelson Cowan, Candice C. Morey, Zhijian Chen, and Michael Bunting

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570394
eISBN:
9780191693816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570394.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Working memory can be viewed as the collection of mental processes that preserve a limited amount of information in an especially accessible form, long enough for it to be of use in ongoing cognitive ... More


How Implicit Is Implicit Learning?

Dianne C. Berry (ed.)

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523512
eISBN:
9780191688928
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523512.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Implicit learning is said to occur when a person learns about a complex stimulus without necessarily intending to do so, and in such a way that the resulting knowledge is difficult to express. Over ... More


Rest–Stimulus Interaction and Qualia

Georg Northoff

in Unlocking the Brain: Volume 2: Consciousness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199826995
eISBN:
9780199979776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826995.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

After having discussed the direct relationship of the resting state activity to consciousness, the book now turns to stimulus-induced activity. More specifically, he aims to investigate how the ... More


Human prefrontal cortex: generating goals from instructions and imagination

Richard E. Passingham and Steven P. Wise

in The Neurobiology of the Prefrontal Cortex: Anatomy, Evolution, and the Origin of Insight

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199552917
eISBN:
9780191741807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199552917.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter examines the function of the human prefrontal (PF) cortex in the generation of goals from imagination and instructions. It explains the external and the microstructure and internal ... More


The Self and Other: A Missing Link in Comparative Social Cognition

Josep Call

in The Missing Link in Cognition: Origins of self-reflective consciousness

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195161564
eISBN:
9780199848386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161564.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The chapter is an extension of Hampton's approach of asking a monkey to respond metacognitively. It focuses on confidence judgments, which in humans are typically made verbally. It describes an ... More


Introduction

Richard E. Passingham and Steven P. Wise

in The Neurobiology of the Prefrontal Cortex: Anatomy, Evolution, and the Origin of Insight

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199552917
eISBN:
9780191741807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199552917.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Neuropsychology

This introductory chapter discusses the theme of this volume which is about the neurobiological function of the prefrontal (PF) cortex in primates. It analyzes the fundamental function of the PF ... More


Gettier and the Epistemic Appraisal of Philosophical Intuition

Alvin I. Goldman

in Explaining Knowledge: New Essays on the Gettier Problem

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198724551
eISBN:
9780191840142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198724551.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Gettier’s 1963 paper was enormously influential. Virtually all epistemologists agreed with Gettier that the JTB analaysis was mistaken. But this conclusion evidently depended on the reliability of ... More


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