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Human Song: Dopamine, Syntax, and Morphology

Jay Schulkin

in Reflections on the Musical Mind: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157443
eISBN:
9781400849031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157443.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines the fundamental link between cognitive systems, movement, and the organization of the brain; what psychobiologist Karl Lashley emphasized in his essay on the “serial order of ... More


Machines to explain the mind

Joscha Bach

in Principles of Synthetic Intelligence PSI: An Architecture of Motivated Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195370676
eISBN:
9780199870721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370676.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter lays the groundwork for discussing Psi theory and Micro Psi by giving a short introduction to the philosophical and methodological concepts of cognitive architectures, especially the ... More


Music and the Brain: An Evolutionary Context

Jay Schulkin

in Reflections on the Musical Mind: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157443
eISBN:
9781400849031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157443.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines how music fits into the evolution of human cognitive capabilities and how the auditory system, larynx, motor systems, and cephalic expansion underlie musical expression as well ... More


Cognitive Systems and Demarcation

Robert D. Rupert

in Cognitive Systems and the Extended Mind

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195379457
eISBN:
9780199869114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379457.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter proposes a systems-based principle of demarcation. A state is cognitive if and only if it is the state of a mechanism that is a component of an integrated cognitive system. Informal and ... More


Innateness and (Bayesian) Visual Perception: Reconciling Nativism and Development

Brian J. Scholl

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores a way in which visual processing may involve innate constraints and attempts to show how such processing overcomes one enduring challenge to nativism. In particular, many ... More


Summary and Conclusion

Robert D. Rupert

in Cognitive Systems and the Extended Mind

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195379457
eISBN:
9780199869114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379457.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter summarizes the book's arguments against the extended view, as well as the primary conciliatory contentions advanced with regard to the embedded and embodied views. The chapter closes ... More


Language and the Development of Spatial Reasoning *

Anna Shusterman and Elizabeth Spelke

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that human and animal minds indeed depend on a collection of domain-specific, task-specific, and encapsulated cognitive systems: on a set of cognitive ‘modules’ in Fodor's sense. ... More


The Role of Psychology in an Agent-Centered Theory of Science

Ronald N. Giere

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

The question that frames this chapter is how humans have managed to learn such amazing things as the age of the universe. After briefly reviewing logical, methodological, historical, and social ... More


Emotion as Process

Jenefer Robinson

in Deeper than Reason: Emotion and its Role in Literature, Music, and Art

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199263653
eISBN:
9780191603211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263655.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

How do we reconcile the insights of the judgement theorists into emotion with the empirical data from the psychologists? Following the neuroscientist Joseph LeDoux, it is suggested that there are two ... More


Trees, Fish, and Other Fictions: Folk Biological Thought and Its Implications for Understanding Evolutionary Biology

John D. Coley and Tara M. Muratore

in Evolution Challenges: Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning about Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199730421
eISBN:
9780199949557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730421.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In this chapter it is argued that the difficulty in understanding evolution by natural selection does not stem solely from the complexity of the theory. Rather, the difficulty in teaching, learning, ... More


Cognitive Systems and the Extended Mind

Robert D. Rupert

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195379457
eISBN:
9780199869114
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379457.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book surveys philosophical issues raised by the situated movement in cognitive science—the treatment of cognitive phenomena as the joint product of brain, body, and environment. The book focuses ... More


Introduction

Patrick Rebuschat, Martin Rohrmeier, John A. Hawkins, and Ian Cross

in Language and Music as Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199553426
eISBN:
9780191731020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553426.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter is an introduction to Section 4 (Neuroscience). In the first chapter, the target article, resource-sharing framework for the comparative study of language and music is presented. ... More


The Atlas of Interpersonal Situations: A Theory-Driven Approach to Behavioral Signatures

John G. Holmes and Justin V. Cavallo

in Then A Miracle Occurs: Focusing on Behavior in Social Psychological Theory and Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195377798
eISBN:
9780199864522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377798.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Building on the cognitive-affective personality system (CAPS) framework offered by Mischel and Shoda (1995), the authors emphasize the importance of considering abstract properties of situations to ... More


On the Probability of Panexperientialism

Gregg Rosenberg

in A Place for Consciousness: Probing the Deep Structure of the Natural World

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195168143
eISBN:
9780199850075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168143.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

From a Liberal Naturalists' point of view, the class of cognitive systems supporting experience must be like human cognition in certain sophisticated respects. Robert Kirk's basic package exemplifies ... More


Robot Emotion: A Functional Perspective

CYNTHIA BREAZEAL and RODNEY BROOKS

in Who Needs Emotions?: The brain meets the robot

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195166194
eISBN:
9780199847020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195166194.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter examines robot emotions from a functional perspective. It suggests that emotion-inspired mechanisms can improve the way autonomous ... More


The Architectural Role of Emotion in Cognitive Systems

Jonathan Gratch and Stacy Marsella

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter revisits an old argument that theories of human emotion can give insight into the design and control of complex cognitive systems. In particular, it argues that appraisal theories of ... More


Decisional, Emotional, and Cognitive Systems

Gennaro Auletta

in Cognitive Biology: Dealing with Information from Bacteria to Minds

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608485
eISBN:
9780191729539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608485.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Cerebral systems have proper procedures, which do not possess survival value (have no vital meaning). The concept of system turns out to be a sophistication of the notion of structure. As such a ... More


Toward Basic Principles for Emotional Processing: What the Fearful Brain Tells the Robot

JEAN-MARC FELLOUS and JOSEPH E. LEDOUX

in Who Needs Emotions?: The brain meets the robot

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195166194
eISBN:
9780199847020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195166194.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter examines the basic principles governing emotional processing. It re-evaluates the concept of the limbic system and identifies the ... More


Representation in Extended Cognitive Systems: Does the Scaffolding of Language Extend the Mind?

Robert D. Rupert

in The Extended Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014038
eISBN:
9780262266024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014038.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents a criticism of the “language-based inference,” an argument for the expansion of the mind that utilizes empirical observations about language and cognition. Cognitive science ... More


Conation and Intention

Kenneth M. Heilman

in Matter of Mind: A Neurologist's View of Brain-Behavior Relationships

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195144901
eISBN:
9780199865642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195144901.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses intentional systems. Cognitive systems such as language (speech, reading, and writing), spatial skills, and motor skills provide the knowledge of how to interact and operate ... More


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