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The Adolescent Surge in Depression and Emergence of Gender Differences: A Biocognitive Vulnerability-Stress Model in Developmental Context

Lauren B. Alloy and Lyn Y. Abramson

in Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing Brain: Integrating Brain and Prevention Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306255
eISBN:
9780199863914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306255.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter describes a model for the emergence of depression in adolescence. The application of the cognitive vulnerability-stress model to the adolescent surge in depression suggests that ... More


The Relationship Between Cognitive Styles and Intellectual Functioning

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents evidence on the distinctiveness of cognitive styles of motor-cognitive flexibility, attitudinal flexibility, and psychomotor speed from the domain of psychometric intelligence ... More


Cognitive Style and Judging

Gregory Mitchell and Philip E. Tetlock

in The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195367584
eISBN:
9780199776917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367584.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

An important dimension of judicial decisions little studied by social scientists is the scope of a court's opinion. Traditional political science studies of judging emphasize the political valence of ... More


Cross-Sectional Studies

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter describes the pilot studies that led to the selection and validation of the measures used in the Seattle Longitudinal Study. The 1956 baseline study is presented and its findings are ... More


Culture and Cognition

Michael Horace Barnes

in Stages of Thought: The Co-Evolution of Religious Thought and Science

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195396270
eISBN:
9780199852482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396270.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter describes the thesis of cultural evolution in more detail. This provides a clearer framework for the historical chapters which make up the bulk of this book. It also provides background ... More


The Search for Paradigms as a Hindrance to Understanding

Albert O. Hirschman

in The Essential Hirschman

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159904
eISBN:
9781400848409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159904.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter examines the kind of cognitive style that hinders, or promotes, understanding. The topic is introduced with a critical look at two books that exemplify opposite styles—one a study of the ... More


Studies of Cohort and Period Differences

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reports findings regarding cohort and period differences in cognitive abilities as well as on other variables included in the Seattle Longitudinal Study. Here, expanded operational ... More


The Database

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents the database for the Seattle Longitudinal Study and details the study participants and the measurement battery. The chapter also discusses, in addition to the cognitive ability ... More


Pluralism

John G. Stackhouse

in Humble Apologetics: Defending the Faith Today

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138078
eISBN:
9780199834679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138074.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Crucial to the apologist's task is an awareness of the pluralism that marks North American culture. Three different types of pluralism may helpfully be distinguished: pluralism as mere plurality; ... More


Religion and Democratic Values

George Klosko

in Democratic Procedures and Liberal Consensus

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199270200
eISBN:
9780191699467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199270200.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines what it is about religion that tends to conflict with democratic rights. It considers various studies of the relationship between religion and other anti-democratic sentiments, ... More


The Policy-Driven Political Style of James K. Polk

Fred I. Greenstein and Dale Anderson

in Presidents and the Dissolution of the Union: Leadership Style from Polk to Lincoln

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151991
eISBN:
9781400846412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151991.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter assesses the strengths and weaknesses of James K. Polk, focusing on six realms: public communication, organizational capacity, political skill, policy vision, cognitive style, and ... More


Cognitive Integration and the Extended Mind

Richard Menary

in The Extended Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014038
eISBN:
9780262266024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014038.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter delves deeper into the two “waves” of arguments for EM as discussed in the last chapter. The first wave focuses on questions of functional parity between internal and external processes ... More


Cognitive Errors, Individual Differences, and Paternalism

Jeffrey J Rachlinski

in Law and Psychology: Current Legal Issues Volume 9

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199211395
eISBN:
9780191695803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211395.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter explores the value of an ideographic approach in behavioural law and economics. The first section assesses the sensibility of the assumption that individual variation in cognitive style ... More


Authoritarianism and the Holocaust: Some Cognitive and Affective Implications

Peter Suedfeld and Mark Schaller

in Understanding Genocide: The Social Psychology of the Holocaust

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195133622
eISBN:
9780199847952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133622.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Of all the relationships between social-psychological or personality constructs and real-life phenomena, that between the original concept of the authoritarian personality, on the one hand, and the ... More


The Rough and Ready Leadership of Zachary Taylor

Fred I. Greenstein and Dale Anderson

in Presidents and the Dissolution of the Union: Leadership Style from Polk to Lincoln

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151991
eISBN:
9781400846412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151991.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter assesses the strengths and weaknesses of Zachary Taylor, focusing on six realms: public communication, organizational capacity, political skill, policy vision, cognitive style, and ... More


Millard Fillmore and the Compromise of 1850

Fred I. Greenstein and Dale Anderson

in Presidents and the Dissolution of the Union: Leadership Style from Polk to Lincoln

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151991
eISBN:
9781400846412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151991.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter assesses the strengths and weaknesses of Millard Fillmore, focusing on six realms: public communication, organizational capacity, political skill, policy vision, cognitive style, and ... More


The Disastrous Presidency of James Buchanan

Fred I. Greenstein and Dale Anderson

in Presidents and the Dissolution of the Union: Leadership Style from Polk to Lincoln

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151991
eISBN:
9781400846412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151991.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter assesses the strengths and weaknesses of James Buchanan, focusing on six realms: public communication, organizational capacity, political skill, policy vision, cognitive style, and ... More


Franklin Pierce and the Kansas-Nebraska Act

Fred I. Greenstein and Dale Anderson

in Presidents and the Dissolution of the Union: Leadership Style from Polk to Lincoln

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151991
eISBN:
9781400846412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151991.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter assesses the strengths and weaknesses of Franklin Pierce, focusing on six realms: public communication, organizational capacity, political skill, policy vision, cognitive style, and ... More


Abraham Lincoln: Consummate Leader

Fred I. Greenstein and Dale Anderson

in Presidents and the Dissolution of the Union: Leadership Style from Polk to Lincoln

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151991
eISBN:
9781400846412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151991.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter assesses the strengths and weaknesses of Abraham Lincoln, focusing on six realms: public communication, organizational capacity, political skill, policy vision, cognitive style, and ... More


The Relationship Between Cognitive Styles and Intellectual Functioning

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle Longitudinal Study

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195386134
eISBN:
9780190255657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195386134.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter summarizes the findings of the Seattle Longitudinal Study (SLS) regarding the relationship between cognitive style and intellectual functioning. First launched in 1956, the SLS was ... More


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