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Technology and the Demand for Skills

Edward N. Wolff

in Does Education Really Help?: Skill, Work, and Inequality

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189964
eISBN:
9780199850792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189964.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter addresses the first of four paradoxes raised in the previous chapter—namely, that educational attainment has exceeded skill requirements in the last few decades. It starts by documenting ... More


Principles of cognitive rehabilitation

Nicole D. Anderson, Gordon Winocur, and Heather Palmer

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.04
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

Cognitive rehabilitation can be defined as an intervention in which patients and their families work with health professionals to restore or compensate for cognitive deficits, thereby improving the ... More


Basic concepts and principles of neuropsychological assessment

Jonathan J. Evans

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.02
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the objectives of neuropsychological assessment. It then discusses the behavioural neurology and neuropsychology approaches to assessment, assessment ... More


Cognition: Brain Pain: Psychotic Cognition, Hallucinations, and Delusions

Jennifer Radden (ed.)

in The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195149531
eISBN:
9780199870943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149531.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores the clinical phenomenology of symptoms such as hallucination, delusion, loosened associations, and pressure of thought that collectively make up what is termed as psychotic ... More


Escalating Differences and Elusive “Skills”: Cognitive Abilities and the Explanation of Inequality

Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, and Robert Szarka

in Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095418
eISBN:
9780300129847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095418.003.0022
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that the link between cognitive skills and schooling and between schooling and inequality is not clearly established. It discusses what fraction of residual inequality is ... More


An Example Order for Cognitive Skill Acquisition

Alexander Renkl and Robert K. Atkinson

in In Order to Learn: How the sequence of topics influences learning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178845
eISBN:
9780199893751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178845.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter first provides an overview of the various stages of cognitive skill acquisition in order to situate learning from worked-out examples in the course of learning a new skill. It then ... More


Development of Representational Systems

Allan Paivio

in Mental Representations: A dual coding approach

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195066661
eISBN:
9780199894086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195066661.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on the development of internal representations and processes as viewed from the perspective of dual coding theory. Relevant data are interpreted in terms of the assumptions of ... More


Redefining Literacy: A Theory of Bureaucratic Schooling

Robert A. Levine, Sarah E. Levine, Beatrice Schnell-Anzola, Meredith L. Rowe, and Emily Dexter

in Literacy and Mothering: How Women’s Schooling Changes the Lives of the World's Children

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195309829
eISBN:
9780199932733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309829.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the progress that educational research on literacy has made in recent decades: the rejection of the literacy-illiteracy dichotomy, the adoption of direct literacy assessment in ... More


The Growing Importance of Cognitive Skills in Wage Determination

Richard J. Murnane, John B. Willett, and Frank Levy

in Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095418
eISBN:
9780300129847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095418.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses the importance of cognitive skills in wage determination. It examines two large surveys of twenty-four-year-old high school graduates to show that cognitive skills were a ... More


The learning curve

Anat Ninio

in Language and the Learning Curve: A new theory of syntactic development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199299829
eISBN:
9780191584985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299829.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter presents arguments in favour of considering syntactic development as a kind of cognitive skill learning, with transfer, generalization, and other practice effects demonstrating the ... More


Foraging Cognition in Nonhuman Primates

Klaus Zuberbühler and Karline Janmaat

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter reviews recent studies of primate foraging behavior in the wild. It suggests that the information processing problems primates encounter in foraging, particularly searching for ripe ... More


Noncognitive Skills as Human Capital

Shelly Lundberg

in Education, Skills, and Technical Change: Implications for Future US GDP Growth

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226567808
eISBN:
9780226567945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226567945.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Many studies have shown strong positive associations between “non-cognitive skills”—a broad and ill-defined category of metrics encompassing personality, socioemotional skills, and behaviors—and ... More


Who Are the GEDs?

James J. Heckman, John Eric Humphries, and Tim Kautz

in The Myth of Achievement Tests: The GED and the Role of Character in American Life

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226100098
eISBN:
9780226100128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226100128.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The pool of exam certified high school equivalents has changed greatly over the past 60 years. At the outset, exam certified equivalents were World War II veterans. The early equivalency tests were ... More


How access to language affects theory of mind in deaf children

Marek Meristo, Erland Hjelmquist, and Gary Morgan

in Access to Language and Cognitive Development

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199592722
eISBN:
9780191731488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592722.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines theory of mind (ToM) and related aspects of social cognition in children born deaf or with severe hearing impairments. It shows that, while these populations have the potential ... More


The Knowledge Capital of Nations: Education and the Economics of Growth

Eric A. Hanushek and Ludger Woessmann

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262029179
eISBN:
9780262329170
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029179.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book advances the simple argument that long-run economic growth is overwhelmingly a function of the cognitive skills of the population, or the “knowledge capital” of a nation. This hypothesis ... More


Developing Countries

Eric A. Hanushek and Ludger Woessmann

in The Knowledge Capital of Nations: Education and the Economics of Growth

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262029179
eISBN:
9780262329170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029179.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The policy consensus for increasing school attainment across the world, summarized by “education for all”, has been eroding as improvements in schooling have not consistently led to better economic ... More


Variation in Working Memory Due to Typical and Atypical Development

Christopher Jarrold and Donna M. Bayliss

in Variation in Working Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195168648
eISBN:
9780199847297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168648.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter shows how studies of working memory performance in adults have shown that the ability to hold information in mind while manipulating or processing other material is a reliable predictor ... More


The Role of Children in Literacy Development

Frederick J. Morrison

in Improving Literacy in America: Guidelines from Research

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106459
eISBN:
9780300130256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106459.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter discusses some child factors that are associated with literacy development. First, it considers the entrance age and gender differences in academic achievement. It then discusses the ... More


The Immigrant Niche: Pervasive, Persistent, Diverse

Roger Waldinger and Claudia Der-Martirosian

in Strangers at the Gates: New Immigrants in Urban America

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520230927
eISBN:
9780520927711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520230927.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter serves as a continuation of the analysis of the ethnic niche, but instead focuses on the immigrants. It shows that ethnic niches stand out as a characteristic of nearly every immigrant ... More


The nature of memory for music performance skills

Caroline Palmer

in Music, Motor Control and the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199298723
eISBN:
9780191700903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298723.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

Music performance can be depicted as a cognitive skill with large memory demands, or as a motor skill with large physical execution demands. This chapter discusses the nature of memory for the motor ... More


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