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The Mind Possessed: The Cognition of Spirit Possession in an Afro-Brazilian Religious Tradition

Emma E. A. Cohen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195323351
eISBN:
9780199785575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323351.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

The Mind Possessed examines spirit concepts and mediumistic practices from a cognitive scientific perspective. Drawing primarily, but not exclusively, from ethnographic data collected ... More


Minds and Gods: The Cognitive Foundations of Religion

Todd Tremlin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305340
eISBN:
9780199784721
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305345.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This book provides an introduction to the cognitive science of religion, a new discipline of study that explains the origins and persistence of religious ideas and behavior on the basis of evolved ... More


Evolution, Religion, and Cognitive Science: Critical and Constructive Essays

Fraser Watts and Léon P. Turner (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688081
eISBN:
9780191767722
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688081.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Religion and Society

The cognitive science of religion is an inherently heterogeneous subject, incorporating theory and data from anthropology, psychology, sociology, evolutionary biology, and philosophy of mind amongst ... More


Cognition and Representation

ROGER BECK

in The Religion of the Mithras Cult in the Roman Empire: Mysteries of the Unconquered Sun

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199216130
eISBN:
9780191712128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216130.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This chapter explains how the Cognitive Science of Religion can serve as a powerful new method for exploring the making of representations in a religion and the cognitive processes by which an ... More


Ritual, Culture, and the Human Mind: A Socio-cognitive Approach

Risto Uro

in Ritual and Christian Beginnings

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199661176
eISBN:
9780191793455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661176.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Religious Studies

This chapter introduces the reader to the Cognitive Science of Religion (CSR), especially to those aspects of this new field that are relevant for a deeper understanding of the cognitive theories ... More


Cognitive Perspectives on Iconoclasm

Nathaniel B. Levtow

in Ritual Violence in the Hebrew Bible: New Perspectives

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780190249588
eISBN:
9780190249601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190249588.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter explores the phenomenon of iconoclasm from the perspectives of cognitive science. It argues that iconoclasm engages the same cognitive and ritual dynamics as iconism, only from an ... More


The Evolution of Divine and Human Minds: Evolutionary Psychology, the Cognitive Study of Religion and Theism

Aku Visala

in Evolution, Religion, and Cognitive Science: Critical and Constructive Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688081
eISBN:
9780191767722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688081.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Religion and Society

It is commonly assumed that the cognitive and evolutionary explanations of religion make the truth of theism more improbable than not. Here, two interrelated questions will be examined. First, what ... More


On Perceiving God: Prospects for a Cognitive Science of Religious Experience

Mark Baker and Dean Zimmerman

in Metaphysics and Cognitive Science

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190639679
eISBN:
9780190639709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190639679.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on a gap in existing cognitive scientific explanations of religion: although they may explain various religious beliefs, they are weak at explaining religious ... More


Comparison: Critiques and Challenges

Oliver Freiberger

in Considering Comparison: A Method for Religious Studies

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780199965007
eISBN:
9780190929107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199965007.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, World Religions

This chapter addresses theoretical critiques that have been raised and challenges with which comparison is confronted. It first demonstrates that comparison has been used in service of different and ... More


Social Identity and the Development of Doctrine

Hugh Nicholson

in The Spirit of Contradiction in Christianity and Buddhism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190455347
eISBN:
9780190455361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190455347.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter sets forth the basic thesis of the book, viz., that the development of counterintuitive doctrines like No-self and the Trinity can be understood in terms of social identity processes. It ... More


A Cognitive Turn

István Czachesz

in Cognitive Science and the New Testament: A New Approach to Early Christian Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198779865
eISBN:
9780191825880
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198779865.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Religious Studies

This chapter provides an introduction to the field of cognitive science and outlines the program of a cognitive turn in New Testament Studies. The chapter explains the background and significance of ... More


Ritual and Christian Beginnings

Risto Uro

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199661176
eISBN:
9780191793455
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661176.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Religious Studies

The rise of early Christianity has been examined from a myriad of perspectives, but until recently ritual has been a neglected topic. This book argues that ritual theory is indispensable for the ... More


Anthropomorphism and Apophaticism

Wesley J. Wildman

in In Our Own Image: Anthropomorphism, Apophaticism, and Ultimacy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198815990
eISBN:
9780191853524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815990.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

To appreciate the risks and benefits of anthropomorphism, it is important (1) to appreciate the genius and limitations of human cognition, (2) to compare ultimacy models to see what difference ... More


Knowing Religion

James W. Jones

in Living Religion: Embodiment, Theology, and the Possibility of a Spiritual Sense

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190927387
eISBN:
9780190927417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190927387.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

Taking embodiment seriously impacts the way religion is theorized in the discipline of cognitive psychology and in other religious studies disciplines, including theology. This chapter describes new ... More


Hermeneutical Constraints: Minds in Our Bodies and Our Feet on the Ground

Edward Slingerland

in Mind and Body in Early China: Beyond Orientalism and the Myth of Holism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190842307
eISBN:
9780190922955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190842307.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

The topic of this chapter is a body of work from various branches of the cognitive sciences suggesting that the tendency to distinguish qualitatively between bodies and minds—between physical objects ... More


Demonic Seduction

Kelly Bulkeley

in Big Dreams: The Science of Dreaming and the Origins of Religion

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199351534
eISBN:
9780199351565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199351534.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the cross-cultural religious phenomenon of demonic seduction in dreams. The prevalence of these kinds of strangely intense, sexually tinged dreams has elicited fear and ... More


Prophetic Vision

Kelly Bulkeley

in Big Dreams: The Science of Dreaming and the Origins of Religion

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199351534
eISBN:
9780199351565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199351534.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the cross-cultural religious phenomenon of prophetic visions in dreams. The widespread occurrence of these kinds of visually intense, future-oriented dreams has prompted both ... More


Explanatory pluralism across cultures and development

Cristine H Legare and Andrew Shtulman

in Metacognitive Diversity: An Interdisciplinary Approach

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198789710
eISBN:
9780191841675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789710.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

Humans use natural and supernatural explanations for phenomena such as illness, death, and human origins. These explanations are available not just to different individuals within a society, but to ... More


Does the Scientific Study of Religion Cast Doubt on Theistic Beliefs?

Joshua C. Thurow

in Challenges to Moral and Religious Belief: Disagreement and Evolution

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199669776
eISBN:
9780191778650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669776.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter discusses whether scientific attempts to explain religious beliefs cast doubt on theistic belief. Five different ways of ‘casting doubt’ are distinguished, and it is argued that work in ... More


Conclusion

Jonathan Scourfield, Sophie Gilliat-Ray, Asma Khan, and Sameh Otri

in Muslim Childhood: Religious Nurture in a European Context

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199600311
eISBN:
9780191765421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600311.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Islam, Religious Studies

The authors conclude the book by taking stock of what has been learned about the process of religious nurture. The chapter returns to the four theoretical perspectives introduced in Chapter 1 and ... More


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