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What is Cognition? Extended Cognition and the Criterion of the Cognitive

Mark Rowlands

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

According to the thesis of the extended mind, at least some cognitive processes extend into the cognizing subject's environment in the sense that they are composed of processes of manipulation, ... More


Efficacy and Effectiveness of Cochlear Implants in Deaf Children

David B. Pisoni, Christopher M. Conway, William G. Kronenberger, David L. Horn, Jennifer Karpicke, and Shirley C. Henning

in Deaf Cognition: Foundations and Outcomes

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195368673
eISBN:
9780199894161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368673.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter explores the large individual differences in speech and language outcomes in deaf children who have received cochlear implants (CIs). It argues that that the variability in performance ... More


Linking Band-Limited Cortical Activity to fMRI and Behavior

Markus Siegel and Tobias H. Donner

in Simultaneous EEG and fMRI: Recording, Analysis, and Application

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372731
eISBN:
9780199776283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372731.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter addresses the relationship of band-limited electrophysiological mass activity to behavior on the one hand, and to the BOLD fMRI signal on the other. Electrophysiological mass activity ... More


The Cure for Cognitive Hiccups (HEMC, HEC, HEMC…)

Andy Clark

in Supersizing the Mind: Embodiment, Action, and Cognitive Extension

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195333213
eISBN:
9780199868858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333213.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The EXTENDED model claims that human cognitive processing may at times loop into the environment surrounding the organism. In contrast, a more conservative view is that certain cognitive processes ... More


A Module for Metaphor? The Site of Imagination in the Architecture of the Mind

DANIEL NETTLE

in Imaginative Minds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264195
eISBN:
9780191734540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264195.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Contemporary psychology claims an influential position that suggests that the mind is made-up of constellations of domain-specific, specialized computational mechanisms. Controversy remains on how ... More


The ERP and cognitive psychology: conceptual issues

Michael D. Rugg and Michael G. H. Coles

in Electrophysiology of Mind: Event-related Brain Potentials and Cognition

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524168
eISBN:
9780191706639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524168.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on the issues that arise in making inferences from event-related potentials (ERPs) about cognition. It is argued that establishing the functional significance of cognitive ERPs ... More


 The Knowledge Spillover Theory of Entrepreneurship

David B. Audretsch, Max C. Keilbach, and Erik E. Lehmann

in Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183511
eISBN:
9780199783663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183511.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyzes how the cognitive process inducing the entrepreneurial decision is influenced by placing that same individual in different contexts. In particular, it compares high knowledge ... More


The Role of Segmentation in Perception and Understanding of Events

Stephan Schwan and Bärbel Garsoffky

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Somewhere along the line of cognitive processes going from perception to recounting, a transition must take place by which this continuous stream of events is segmented into a sequence of discrete ... More


The Complexity of Cognition: Tractability Arguments for Massive Modularity *

Richard Samuels

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the scope and limits of the tractability argument. It argues for two claims. First, that when explored with appropriate care and attention, it becomes clear that the argument ... More


Concepts in Psychology

Edouard Machery

in Doing without Concepts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306880
eISBN:
9780199867950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306880.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter describes what concepts are taken to be in psychology and identifies the goals of the psychological theories of concepts. In psychology, concepts are characterized as being those bodies ... More


A Model of Speech Production Based on Expression and Prosody

Mark Tatham and Katherine Morton

in Expression in Speech: Analysis and Synthesis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250677
eISBN:
9780191719462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250677.003.0017
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter proposes a speech production architecture in which all speech occurs within two larger frameworks called wrappers. The overall wrapper is expression; the next wrapper is prosody. ... More


Achieving Efficient Learning: Why Understanding Theory of Mind Is Essential for Deaf Children … and Their Teachers

Cyril Courtin, Anne-Marie Melot, and Denis Corroyer

in Deaf Cognition: Foundations and Outcomes

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195368673
eISBN:
9780199894161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368673.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Theory of Mind (ToM), originally defined as the ability to consider the human mind as a generator of representations, is a cornerstone in social interactions because it corresponds to developing an ... More


A Psychological Advantage for the Status Quo

Scott Eidelman and Christian S. Crandall

in Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195320916
eISBN:
9780199869541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320916.003.004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses a host of psychological phenomena and their supporting mechanisms that favor status quo maintenance. These phenomena are placed into two loose clusters: those that describe ... More


Memory, Cognition, and Dreams

Robert Stickgold

in Sleep and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198574002
eISBN:
9780191724145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198574002.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews recent findings from studies on cognitive processing during sleep using two distinct approaches. It first describes a series of studies that used standard cognitive testing to ... More


Fractionation and Localization of Distinct Frontal Lobe Processes: Evidence from Focal Lesions in Humans

Donald T. Stuss, Michael P. Alexander, Darlene Floden, Malcolm A. Binns, Brian Levine, Anthony R. McIntosh, Natasha Rajah, and Stephanie J. Hevenor

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0025
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter summarizes a decade or more of research on the functions of the frontal lobes through the study of patients with pathology restricted to that region. It begins with one assumption: there ... More


Cognitive Processes

Robert J. Sutherland

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0040
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter seeks to provide a kind of thinking about behavioral processes in rats that is characteristic of a cognitive approach and to provide some examples of experimental paradigms that have ... More


Development as Change of System Dynamics: Stability, Instability, and Emergence

Gregor Schöner

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Dynamical systems thinking can provide metaphors that help ask new questions, generate new experimental paradigms and measures, and lead to new kinds of explanations. This chapter reviews dynamical ... More


Neuropsychological assessment and rehabilitation of writing disorders

Pélagie M. Beeson and Steven Z. Rapcsak

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.017
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

Written language provides a means to transform speech into durable, static visual representations, allowing communication of specific thoughts and ideas to transcend time and place. As literate ... More


Constraints and Consumer Creativity

C. Page Moreau and Darren W. Dahl

in Tools for Innovation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195381634
eISBN:
9780199870264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381634.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The ubiquitous phrase “thinking outside of the box” implies that creative thought requires breaking through the walls that constrain ideas. Indeed, it is much easier and cognitively efficient to ... More


Diversity and Creativity in Work Groups: A Dynamic Perspective on the Affective and Cognitive Processes That Link Diversity and Performance

Frances J. Milliken, Caroline A. Bartel, and Terri R. Kurtzberg

in Group Creativity: Innovation through Collaboration

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195147308
eISBN:
9780199893720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195147308.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter develops a dynamic model of how a work group's actual creativity may be affected by its composition and by how its early interactions unfold as members develop ways of working together ... More


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