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 The Place Cells—Cognitive Map or Memory System?

Kathryn J. Jeffery

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews attempts to determine how activity of neurons in the place system — place cells and the more recently discovered head direction and entorhinal grid cells — relates to what the ... More


Theories of Hippocampal Function

Morris Richard

in The Hippocampus Book

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195100273
eISBN:
9780199864133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195100273.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter considers a number of prominent theories of hippocampal function that have been developed from work on animals. Two theories have dominated research on hippocampal function over the past ... More


Multiple Memory Systems: A Historical Perspective

Howard Eichenbaum and Neal J. Cohen

in From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection: Memory systems of the brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195178043
eISBN:
9780199871223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178043.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides an historical review and analysis of systematic attempts to characterize different forms of memory, and the central observations that support the idea of multiple memory ... More


 Hippocampal Neuronal Activity and Memory: Should We Still Be Talking about Place Cells?

Howard Eichenbaum

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter summarizes and extends arguments made in recent reviews that challenge the notion that hippocampal cells are “place cells”, and suggests instead that hippocampal neuronal activity should ... More


Animal Models of Amnesia: Nonprimates

Howard Eichenbaum and Neal J. Cohen

in From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection: Memory systems of the brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195178043
eISBN:
9780199871223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178043.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Studies using non-primates, especially rats, have provided further elucidation of the role of the hippocampus itself in relational memory. These studies have shown that damage to the hippocampus does ... More


The hippocampus as a cognitive map

Paul A. Dudchenko

in Why People Get Lost: The Psychology and Neuroscience of Spatial Cognition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199210862
eISBN:
9780191594199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199210862.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a consideration of H. M., a patient who developed a profound amnesia following the removal of a portion of his hippocampus. Findings from H. M. led to the distinction between ... More


 Context‐Specific Versus Context‐Invariant Spatial Coding in the Hippocampal Formation: Implications for Episodic Memory

Patricia E. Sharp

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter begins with a discussion of the idea of the hippocampus is a cognitive map. It then discusses the limbic system, which contains several distinct cell types that show environmentally ... More


Animal Navigation: A Synthesis

Jan Wiener, Sara Shettleworth, Verner P. Bingman, Ken Cheng, Susan Healy, Lucia F. Jacobs, Kathryn J. Jeffery, Hanspeter A. Mallot, Randolf Menzel, and Nora S. Newcombe

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Navigation appeared early in the evolution of animals and occurs in all mobile species. The vast array of navigational capabilities in various species poses a challenge to describe and understand ... More


Do animals use maps?

Sue Healy, Zoë Hodgson, and Victoria Braithwaite

in The Neurobiology of Spatial Behaviour

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198515241
eISBN:
9780191687914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515241.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter takes an ethological perspective and describes the advantages and disadvantages that having a cognitive map would confer upon an animal. It also explores a range of instances of ... More


 Storage of the Distance between Place Cell Firing Fields in the Strength of Plastic Synapses with a Novel Learning Rule

György Csizmadia and Robert U. Muller

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The idea that the hippocampal map has the form of a Euclidean graph of the environment is far from complete. For example, it is plausible that the start of a path is signaled by place cells whose ... More


Foraging Cognition in Nonhuman Primates

Klaus Zuberbühler and Karline Janmaat

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter reviews recent studies of primate foraging behavior in the wild. It suggests that the information processing problems primates encounter in foraging, particularly searching for ripe ... More


Oscillations in the “Other Cortex”: Navigation in Real and Memory Space

Buzsáki György

in Rhythms of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195301069
eISBN:
9780199863716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301069.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

The hippocampus and associated structures are organized in multiple loops, with reciprocal connections to the neocortex. The most prominent collective pattern of hippocampal neurons is theta ... More


Navigating in a Three-Dimensional World

Kathryn J. Jeffery

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

A central theme in the study of animal navigation has been the extent to which such navigation requires the formation of an internal representation of space, the so-called “cognitive map.” Although ... More


Search Processes and Hippocampus

A. David Redish

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

Deliberation entails the sequential, serial search through possible options. This means that deliberation requires a mechanism to represent the structure of the world, from which predictions can be ... More


Finding Our Way

Barbara Landau and James E. Hoffman

in Spatial Representation: From Gene to Mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195385373
eISBN:
9780199979189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385373.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter discusses navigation when people are oriented and when they have become disoriented and must reorient themselves before re-locating an object, suggesting that there may be significant ... More


Reading cognitive and other maps: how to avoid getting buried in thought

Robert Biegler

in The Neurobiology of Spatial Behaviour

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198515241
eISBN:
9780191687914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515241.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter takes a theoretical look at the question of how a place cell ensemble could be of functional use to an animal. It illustrates that representing one's own location is just the start of ... More


A history of ‘maze’ psychology

Paul A. Dudchenko

in Why People Get Lost: The Psychology and Neuroscience of Spatial Cognition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199210862
eISBN:
9780191594199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199210862.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides an overview of early studies of spatial cognition, focusing on maze learning. It begins with a description of the first maze studies which were based on the Hampton Court maze. ... More


Vector Grammar, Places, and the Functional Role of the Spatial Prepositions in English

JOHN O’KEEFE

in Representing Direction in Language and Space

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199260195
eISBN:
9780191717345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260195.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter shows how different prepositions specify different aspects of the location vectors and of the spatial extents of the fields in different directions. Animal studies provide evidence that ... More


Spatial coding in the hippocampal formation: input, information type, plasticity, and behaviour

Colin Lever, Francesca Cacucci, Tom Wills, Stephen Burton, Alastair McClelland, Neil Burgess, and John O’Keefe

in The Neurobiology of Spatial Behaviour

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198515241
eISBN:
9780191687914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515241.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter takes an analytical approach to the construction of place fields in order to explore what information the cells receive and from which areas, and how they piece this together to produce ... More


Epilepsy and the study of spatial memory using virtual reality

Véronique D. Bohbot and Louisa Dahmani

in Epilepsy and Memory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199580286
eISBN:
9780191739408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580286.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter describes the use of virtual reality (VR) in the assessment of spatial memory in patients with epilepsy. VR has been an extremely useful resource for the study of the role of the medial ... More


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