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How Words Mean: Lexical Concepts, Cognitive Models, and Meaning Construction

Vyvyan Evans

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199234660
eISBN:
9780191715495
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234660.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This book is concerned with word meaning, and the role of words in meaning construction. The specific problem addressed concerns how best to account for the inherent variation of word meaning in ... More


Cognitive linguistics

Vyvyan Evans

in How Words Mean: Lexical Concepts, Cognitive Models, and Meaning Construction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199234660
eISBN:
9780191715495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234660.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter situates LCCM Theory in the larger cognitive linguistics enterprise of which it is a part. It begins by introducing cognitive linguistics, and by briefly reviewing its primary ... More


Orientation

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Cognitive Grammar represents one approach to cognitive linguistics, which in turn belongs to the functionalist (as opposed to the formalist) tradition in linguistic theory. Its central claim is that ... More


Word Grammar

Nikolas Gisborne

in The Event Structure of Perception Verbs

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199577798
eISBN:
9780191722417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577798.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter presents the main salient features of Word Grammar. Word Grammar is a formal theory in the cognitive framework which eschews phrase structure, and which treats language as a network. The ... More


Conceptual Spaces and Embodied Actions

David F. Armstrong and Sherman E. Wilcox

in The Gestural Origin of Language

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195163483
eISBN:
9780199867523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163483.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines evidence for the ubiquity of iconicity in signed languages, a consequence of their transmission in the visual medium. Adopting a cognitive grammar framework, the iconic ... More


Language Is Spatial, Not Special: On the Demise of the Symbolic Approximation Hypothesis

Michael J. Spivey, Daniel C. Richardson, and Carlos A. Zednik

in The Spatial Foundations of Language and Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199553242
eISBN:
9780191720444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553242.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Cognitive science has made as much progress as possible with theories of discrete amodal symbolic computation that too coarsely approximate the neural processes underlying cognition. We describe a ... More


On the meaning of prepositions

Pietro Bortone

in Greek Prepositions: From Antiquity to the Present

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199556854
eISBN:
9780191721571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556854.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Chapter 2 looks at the meanings of prepositions, their polysemy, the possible relationships between various meanings, and at the “localistic hypothesis” that spatial meanings might be in some sense ... More


Sign Language Humor, Human Singularities, and the Origins of Language

Donna Jo Napoli and Rachel Sutton-Spence

in Deaf around the World: The Impact of Language

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732548
eISBN:
9780199866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732548.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

This chapter offers evidence consistent with the proposal that sign languages preceded spoken languages in the evolution of language. Using conceptual integration theory, the authors argue that what ... More


Conceptualising Language

Joanna Gavins

in Text World Theory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748622993
eISBN:
9780748671540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748622993.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

This chapter begins with a discussion of the theoretical foundations of Text World Theory. Text World Theory is a model of human language processing, which is based on the notions of mental ... More


Symbolic units

Vyvyan Evans

in How Words Mean: Lexical Concepts, Cognitive Models, and Meaning Construction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199234660
eISBN:
9780191715495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234660.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter provides a brief overview of the nature and structure of the symbolic unit, as developed in constructional accounts of the linguistic system in cognitive linguistics. In LCCM Theory, the ... More


Cognitive inferences from the linguistic study of reference in discourse

Andrej A. Kibrik

in Reference in Discourse

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199215805
eISBN:
9780191728426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215805.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

Cognitive linguistics can boast a very moderate contribution to the general agenda of cognitive science. This chapter addresses several traditional issues in the theory of working memory and ... More


The Role of the Lexicon in Linguistic Theory

Patrick Hanks

in Lexical Analysis: Norms and Exploitations

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262018579
eISBN:
9780262312851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018579.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter examines the theory of norms and exploitations in the context of other theories of language. It considers the role of the lexicon in linguistic theory in twentieth-century Europe since ... More


Cognitive Linguistics: A Cognitive Linguistic Study of the Concept of Defilement in Ezekiel 22:1–16

Ellen van Wolde

in Biblical Interpretation and Method: Essays in Honour of John Barton

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199645534
eISBN:
9780191755842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645534.003.0020
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Religious Studies

In 22:1-16, Ezekiel speaks on behalf of YHWH, introducing a charge of criminal behaviour against the city of Jerusalem. Initially (vv. 1-8), YHWH and his prophet accuse the city of bloodshed and ... More


Religious Metaphors at the Crossroads between Apophatical Theology and Cognitive Linguistics: An Interdisciplinary Study

Kurt Feyaerts and Lieven Boeve

in Religion, Language, and the Human Mind

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190636647
eISBN:
9780190636678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190636647.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter introduces an interdisciplinary approach to the study of religious discourse, inspired by the observation that the tradition of negative theology, rediscovered by postmodern philosophy ... More


Double-vision

Joanna Gavins

in Text World Theory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748622993
eISBN:
9780748671540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748622993.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

This chapter discusses the conceptualisation of a particular linguistic and cognitive phenomenon: metaphor. It begins with a summary of some of the most recent theories of metaphor to emerge from ... More


Religion, Language, and the Human Mind

Paul Chilton and Monika Kopytowska (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190636647
eISBN:
9780190636678
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190636647.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The book is divided into three Parts, all preceded by a full introductory chapter by the editors that discusses modern scientific approaches to religion and the application of modern linguistics, ... More


Men, women, and children: The semantics of basic social categories

Cliff Goddard and Anna Wierzbicka

in Words and Meanings: Lexical Semantics Across Domains, Languages, and Cultures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199668434
eISBN:
9780191748691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668434.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Lexicography

This chapter begins by arguing that the old-style componential analysis of words like men, women, boys, and girls in terms of ±male and ±adult is profoundly misguided, despite remaining to this day a ... More


Hoc est corpus: Deixis and the Integration of Ritual Space

Paul Chilton and David Cram

in Religion, Language, and the Human Mind

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190636647
eISBN:
9780190636678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190636647.003.0016
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter, which has both a historical and an analytic dimension, concerns the ritual of the ‘Eucharist’ or ‘mass’, best known in the Catholic variant of Christianity. The first part of the paper ... More


Modal auxiliaries and tense: the case of Dutch

Pieter Byloo and Jan Nuyts

in Time: Language, Cognition, and Reality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199589876
eISBN:
9780191757198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589876.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This paper explores one dimension of the interaction between time and (different types of) modality, viz. what happens semantically when expressions of these categories meet in a clause. ... More


Linguistics: Cognitive and Cultural Approaches

Anna Wierzbicka

in Imprisoned in English: The Hazards of English as a Default Language

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199321490
eISBN:
9780199369263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199321490.003.0017
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, English Language

This chapter examines cognitive and cultural approaches in linguistics, focusing on the work of British linguists Vivian Cook and James Underhill, and the Russian linguistics Jurij Apresjan and ... More


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