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How to Make Cognitive Illusions Disappear

Gerd Gigerenzer

in Adaptive Thinking: Rationality in the Real World

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195153729
eISBN:
9780199849222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195153729.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Cognitive illusions have been linked to perceptual illusions, suggesting that they are “inevitable illusions”. This chapter criticizes the narrow norms that make humans look irrational and shows how ... More


On the Cognitive Bases of Knowledge Ascriptions

Mikkel Gerken

in Knowledge Ascriptions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693702
eISBN:
9780191741265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693702.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter develops an epistemic focal bias account of certain patterns of judgments about knowledge ascriptions by integrating it with a general dual process framework of human cognition. According ... More


Cognitive Psychology and Empirical Insights for ITA

Susan D. Franck

in Arbitration Costs: Myths and Realities in Investment Treaty Arbitration

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190054434
eISBN:
9780190054465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190054434.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Cognitive psychology affects information gathering, analysis, and decision-making. There is no evidence that international investment law is immune from those influences, yet the influence of ... More


Recidivist Beliefs and Desires

Denise Meyerson

in False Consciousness

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198248194
eISBN:
9780191681073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248194.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

According to Marx, the only way to get rid of ideological illusions is to be rid of the social circumstances which generate them. Ideological beliefs can survive the impact of recognized contrary ... More


Words and Pictures in Reports of fMRI Research

Gilbert Harman

in Foundational Issues in Human Brain Mapping

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014021
eISBN:
9780262265850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014021.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter, which focuses on the use of words and images in reports of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) research, states that fMRI research reports are subjected to several fallacies, ... More


The B-theory and the passage of time

M. Joshua Mozersky

in Time, Language, and Ontology: The World from the B-Theoretic Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198718161
eISBN:
9780191787508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718161.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Most B-theorists defend the reality of both time and change. Overwhelmingly, however, they deny that time genuinely passes, insisting that the passage of time is some kind of cognitive illusion. In ... More


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