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Modularity and Flexibility: The First Steps

Peter Carruthers

in The Architecture of the Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207077
eISBN:
9780191708909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207077.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins by outlining the various challenges faced by the massive modularity hypothesis, most of which turn on one or another form of cognitive flexibility. It outlines the role of mental ... More


 Dopaminergic Modulation of Flexible Cognitive Control: The Role of the Striatum

Roshan Cools

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The mesocorticolimbic dopamine system is well known to play an important role in cognitive control processing. The effects of dopaminergic drugs on cognitive control are most commonly associated with ... More


The Relationship Between Cognitive Styles and Intellectual Functioning

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents evidence on the distinctiveness of cognitive styles of motor-cognitive flexibility, attitudinal flexibility, and psychomotor speed from the domain of psychometric intelligence ... More


Music–Prayer Dynamics and Cognitive Flexibility

Benjamin D Koen

in Beyond the Roof of the World: Music, Prayer, and Healing in the Pamir Mountains

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195367744
eISBN:
9780199867295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367744.003.0003
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

Chapter 3 introduces the music-prayer-meditation dynamics model and shows how it can be employed in ethnographic and health science research; presents a case study; explores cognitive flexibility as ... More


Medical Ethnomusicology and the Ontology of Oneness

Benjamin D Koen

in Beyond the Roof of the World: Music, Prayer, and Healing in the Pamir Mountains

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195367744
eISBN:
9780199867295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367744.003.0001
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

Chapter 1 sets a new paradigm of research and applied practice based on the ontology of oneness; introduces medical ethnomusicology; lays a foundation for the study of music, health, and healing ... More


 The Role of the Posterior Frontolateral Cortex in Task‐Related Control

Marcel Brass, Jan Derrfuss, and Yves von Cramon

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on different aspects of rule‐guided behavior, its functional neuroanatomy and role in cognitive control and, more specifically, cognitive flexibility. First, it argues that an ... More


Chemical Neuromodulation of Goal-Directed Behavior

Roshan Cools

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

Directing our behavior adequately to current goals requires a trade-off between cognitive flexibility and cognitive stability. In this chapter, empirical data and theories are reviewed which show ... More


Brain Bases of Levels of Specificity and Levels of Control, Part 1: The Frontal Cortex, and Beyond

Wilma Koutstaal

in The Agile Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195367188
eISBN:
9780199918232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367188.003.0042
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses predominantly on the relatively more controlled and abstract ends of the levels of control and levels of specificity continua. It considers evidence at several levels, including ... More


 Neural Mechanisms of Cognitive Control in Cued Task‐Switching: Rules, Representations, and Preparation

Hannes Ruge and Todd S. Braver

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the possible role and neural basis of three different types of rules used in the service of cognitive control, including: (1) rules for the specification of responses based on ... More


Language and the Development of Cognitive Flexibility: Implications for Theory of Mind

Sophie Jacques and Philip David Zelazo

in Why Language Matters for Theory of Mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195159912
eISBN:
9780199847150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159912.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the labeling function of language, in this case as an aid to cognitive flexibility. It reinterprets the relation between language and theory of mind in terms of language-related ... More


The Neural Basis of Cognitive Flexibility in Birds

Shigeru Watanabe

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0032
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Cognitive flexibility has a number of different aspects. Three of them are examined in this chapter. First, cognitive flexibility means ... More


The Relationship Between Cognitive Styles and Intellectual Functioning

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle Longitudinal Study

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195386134
eISBN:
9780190255657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195386134.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter summarizes the findings of the Seattle Longitudinal Study (SLS) regarding the relationship between cognitive style and intellectual functioning. First launched in 1956, the SLS was ... More


The Early Development of Executive Functions

Adele Diamond

in Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169539
eISBN:
9780199847204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Executive function, also known as cognitive control or supervisory attention, is required whenever going “on automatic”. Classes of situations in which executive functions are required include novel ... More


Cross-Sectional Studies

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle Longitudinal Study

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195386134
eISBN:
9780190255657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195386134.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter describes the pilot studies that led to the selection and validation of the measures used in the Seattle Longitudinal Study (SLS), first launched in 1956 to investigate various aspects ... More


Longitudinal Studies

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle Longitudinal Study

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195386134
eISBN:
9780190255657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195386134.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter summarizes the results of the Seattle Longitudinal Study (SLS), first launched in 1956 to investigate various aspects of intellectual development from early adulthood to old age in a ... More


Adolescents with Hearing Loss: Enhancing Learning Potential via Personal Resources

Jill Duncan, Ellen A. Rhoades, and Elizabeth M. Fitzpatrick

in Auditory (Re)Habilitation for Adolescents with Hearing Loss: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780195381405
eISBN:
9780190204020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381405.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses personal resources necessary for facilitating independent learning and self-determination among adolescents with hearing loss. Personal resources include a positive mindset, ... More


“Free Will”: Components and Processes

Patrick Haggard

in Surrounding Free Will: Philosophy, Psychology, Neuroscience

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199333950
eISBN:
9780199393848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199333950.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

“Free will” can be seen as a solution to the problem of explaining the origins of human action. This chapter analyzes the problem that free will solves. The cardinal feature of the problem is the ... More


Developmental Considerations Fundamental to Understanding Adolescents with Hearing Loss

Jill Duncan, Ellen A. Rhoades, and Elizabeth M. Fitzpatrick

in Auditory (Re)Habilitation for Adolescents with Hearing Loss: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780195381405
eISBN:
9780190204020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381405.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses key developmental milestones considered fundamental to understanding adolescents with hearing loss. Knowledge of adolescent physical, neurobiological, socio-emotional, and ... More


Auditory-Based Communication Skills

Jill Duncan, Ellen A. Rhoades, and Elizabeth M. Fitzpatrick

in Auditory (Re)Habilitation for Adolescents with Hearing Loss: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780195381405
eISBN:
9780190204020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381405.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter describes how practitioners can design activities to improve adolescent skills via assessment, counseling, education, and guidance. It explains how to encourage adolescents to recognize ... More


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