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Dopamine Dysfunction in Schizophrenia: From Genetic Susceptibility to Cognitive Impairment

Heike Tost, Shabnam Hakimi, and Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0039
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter provides an overview of the causes and effects of dopamine dysfunction in schizophrenia. In doing so, it summarizes historical perspectives and our current scientific knowledge about the ... More


Neuropsychological rehabilitation of schizophrenia

Bjørn Rishovd Rund

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.034
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia. It describes the two distinctly different approaches in cognitive therapy with schizophrenic patients. One focuses on ... More


Control of Symptoms: Cognitive Dysfunction

Laura Goldstein

in Palliative Care in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: From diagnosis to bereavement, 2nd Edn

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199212934
eISBN:
9780191730368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212934.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter looks into the nature of cognitive changes in ALS patients, the different symptoms associated with cognitive change, and the potential interventions that may slow the progression of the ... More


Imaging Cognitive Dysfunction in Parkinson’s Disease: Cholinergic Neurotransmission and Protein Aggregation

Nicolaas I. Bohnen and Kirk A. Frey

in Imaging in Parkinson’s Disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393484
eISBN:
9780199914494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393484.003.0074
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Techniques

Disturbances of cognition are frequent in Parkinson’s disease (PD), with an increasing prevalence of dementia with longer disease duration. The pathological hallmark of parkinsonian dementia is the ... More


Differential diagnosis in dementia

Peter Garrard

in Cognitive Neurology: A clinical textbook

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198569275
eISBN:
9780191724213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569275.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The neurodegenerative dementias incorporate a range of pathological processes, many of which show distinctive clinical signatures. Although neurodegenerative processes are irreversible and difficult ... More


Cognitive Functioning in Depression: Nature and Origins

Ian H. Gotlib, Eva Gilboa, and Beth Kaplan Sommerfeld

in Anxiety, Depression, and Emotion

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195133585
eISBN:
9780199847310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133585.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter explores the psychiatric disorder of depression and the opening section provides relevant statistics and a brief history of related research on depression. This chapter focuses on ... More


A Bubble Off

Frederick M. Barken

in Out of Practice: Fighting for Primary Care Medicine in America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449765
eISBN:
9780801460609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449765.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses the prospects for primary care provided to patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). People with MCI have more than a benign degree of forgetfulness, yet they are not ... More


Murder in the Courtroom: The Cognitive Neuroscience of Violence

Brigitte Vallabhajosula

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199995721
eISBN:
9780190221584
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199995721.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Recent neuroscientific advances, which have increased our understanding of how the human brain functions, have begun to intersect in important ways with the legal system. Indeed, a growing body of ... More


On Parkinson’s Disease

Patrick McNamara

in The Cognitive Neuropsychiatry of Parkinson's Disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016087
eISBN:
9780262298360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016087.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter defines Parkinson’s disease for readers who are unfamiliar with this degenerative disease, which affects the brain, adversely impacting activities that are controlled by the central ... More


Medicines Used to Treat Psychosis

Michael T Compton and Beth Broussard

in The First Episode of Psychosis: A Guide for Patients and Their Families

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195372496
eISBN:
9780197562659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195372496.003.0015
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Mental health professionals treat nearly all psychiatric illnesses using two types of treatments: medicines and psychosocial treatments. This is true for psychosis as well. We describe medicines ... More


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