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First Mechanism of Democratic Reason: Inclusive Deliberation

Hélène Landemore

in Democratic Reason: Politics, Collective Intelligence, and the Rule of the Many

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155654
eISBN:
9781400845538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155654.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter stresses that deliberation is best designed for problem solving, in which cognitive diversity turns out to be more crucial than individual ability. Because deliberation allows the ... More


Second Mechanism of Democratic Reason: Majority Rule

Hélène Landemore

in Democratic Reason: Politics, Collective Intelligence, and the Rule of the Many

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155654
eISBN:
9781400845538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155654.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that majority rule is a useful complement of inclusive deliberation, not just because majority rule is more efficient timewise, but because it has distinct epistemic properties of ... More


Introduction

Nicholas Rescher

in Pluralism: Against the Demand for Consensus

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236016
eISBN:
9780191679162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236016.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, General

This introductory chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about the relation between consensus and pluralism. This book criticises the consensualism of German philosopher Jürgen Habermas ... More


The Experiential Basis of Cognitive Diversity and the Unavoidability of Pluralism

Nicholas Rescher

in Pluralism: Against the Demand for Consensus

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236016
eISBN:
9780191679162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236016.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, General

This chapter argues against the principle of consensus on the grounds of the experiential basis of cognitive diversity and the unavoidability of pluralism. In explains that even when there is ... More


Purely Epistemic Conceptions of Democracy

Cristina Lafont

in Democracy without Shortcuts: A Participatory Conception of Deliberative Democracy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198848189
eISBN:
9780191882746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198848189.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter considers purely epistemic conceptions of deliberative democracy. For advocates of this approach the value of democratic procedures is a function of the quality of their outcomes. They ... More


Internal Difficulties in Defending the Method of Cases, and the Claim of Continuity

Avner Baz

in The Crisis of Method in Contemporary Analytic Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198801887
eISBN:
9780191840432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801887.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter examines Timothy Williamson’s and Herman Cappelen’s attempts to defend the method of cases in its traditional, “armchair” form, against the “cognitive diversity” and “calibration” ... More


Postscript: Imagining the Future of Cognitive Poetics

Raymond W. Gibbs

in Expressive Minds and Artistic Creations: Studies in Cognitive Poetics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780190457747
eISBN:
9780190457761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190457747.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

What is the future of scholarship in cognitive poetics? This chapter provides a guide for possible new directions in the study of cognitive poetic experience. I claim that cognitive poetics can ... More


Youth Quotas, Diversity, and Long-Termism: Can Young People Act as Proxies for Future Generations?

Juliana Bidadanure

in Institutions For Future Generations

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198746959
eISBN:
9780191809248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746959.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Environmental Politics

Young people are often referred to as guardians of the future or ‘trustees of posterity’—as Disraeli claimed in 1845. We may thus want to consider whether empowering the young politically can be a ... More


The CIA and the Future of Intelligence

Milo Jones and Philippe Silberzahn

in Constructing Cassandra: Reframing Intelligence Failure at the CIA, 1947-2001

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804785808
eISBN:
9780804787154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785808.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter presents an overview of the theoretical conclusions and practical implications of the book. It reveals the commonalities between surprises rooted in secrets and those rooted more in ... More


Openness to Creative Destruction: Sustaining Innovative Dynamism

Arthur M., Jr. Diamond

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190263669
eISBN:
9780190263706
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190263669.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Openness to Creative Destruction: Sustaining Innovative Dynamism shows how life improves under the economic system often called “entrepreneurial capitalism” or “creative destruction,” but more ... More


The Innovative Entrepreneur

Arthur M. Diamond Jr.

in Openness to Creative Destruction: Sustaining Innovative Dynamism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190263669
eISBN:
9780190263706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190263669.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Cognitively diverse project entrepreneurs are the ones most likely to succeed at making a ding in the universe. Project entrepreneurs are more effective because they are more likely to persevere at ... More


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