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Anterior Cingulate Cortex Contributions to Cognitive and Emotional Processing: A General Purpose Mechanism for Cognitive Control and Self-Control

Marie K. Krug and Cameron S. Carter

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

This chapter addresses the topic of self-control from the perspective of conflict theory, a well-studied framework for understanding the behavioral and neural adaptation effects seen during the ... More


Kingdoms of This World: Millennial Literature as Reflective Dissonance

Thomas O Beebee

in Millennial Literatures of the Americas, 1492-2002

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195339383
eISBN:
9780199867097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339383.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature, American, 18th Century and Early American Literature

Literature has not neglected the fact that millennial expectations have hitherto always been defeated. Leon Festinger developed his theory of cognitive dissonance in part to explain the persistence ... More


Attitudes and Cognitive Dissonance

James D. Laird

in Feelings: The Perception of Self

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195098891
eISBN:
9780199893614
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195098891.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter deals with the feelings of liking and disliking, or attitudes. It first discusses the extensive literature inspired by cognitive dissonance theory, which was later reinterpreted by Bem ... More


Jung's Engagement with Christian Theology

Charlene P. E. Burns

in Teaching Jung

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199735426
eISBN:
9780199914524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735426.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The author of this chapter teaches Jung's analysis of Christianity in her undergraduate religious studies courses at the University of Wisconsin, Eau-Claire. Many of the students come from ... More


 Acquiring and Protecting Unreasonable Beliefs

Solomon Schimmel

in The Tenacity of Unreasonable Beliefs: Fundamentalism and the Fear of Truth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195188264
eISBN:
9780199870509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188264.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines how people acquire religious beliefs and protect them even when they are irrational. It integrates insights from psychology (Festinger on cognitive dissonance; Hinde on the ... More


The Monogamy Gap

Eric Anderson

in The Monogamy Gap: Men, Love, and the Reality of Cheating

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199777921
eISBN:
9780199919062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777921.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explicates and applies cognitive dissonance theory to monogamy, examining how humans behave when they want something they don’t want. It then elucidates how men think, feel and behave ... More


Narrative Complexity and Dissonant Cognitions

Miklós Kiss and Steven Willemsen

in Impossible Puzzle Films: A Cognitive Approach to Contemporary Complex Cinema

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781474406727
eISBN:
9781474430470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474406727.003.0004
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Chapter 3 describes how impossible puzzle films create paradoxical, incongruent or impossible narrative experiences. To understand the nature of the confusion these films create, this chapter adopts ... More


Crime and Horror Fiction

Torben Grodal

in Moving Pictures: A New Theory of Film Genres, Feelings, and Cognition

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198159834
eISBN:
9780191673719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198159834.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

Crime fiction is a subgenre of canonical narratives. As a result of its narrative structure, it has a characteristic strong emphasis on cognitive control, compared with the typical canonical ... More


How Prophecy Endures

Diana G. Tumminia

in When Prophecy Never Fails: Myth and Reality in a Flying-Saucer Group

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195176759
eISBN:
9780199835720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176758.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The discussion revisits the criticisms of Leon Festinger’s cognitive dissonance theory by indicating alternative explanations of disconfirmed prophecy and adherence to irrational beliefs. Subsequent ... More


How Prophecy Never Fails

Diana G. Tumminia

in When Prophecy Never Fails: Myth and Reality in a Flying-Saucer Group

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195176759
eISBN:
9780199835720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176758.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The discussion takes issue with Leon Festinger’s When Prophecy Fails and cognitive dissonance theory by providing alternative explanations of disconfirmed prophecy. Ernest Norman lays the groundwork ... More


Working With Nonoffending Parents of Sexual Abuse Victims

JACQUELINE CORCORAN, DIANNA HART, KRISTIN A. GARELL, and JANICE BERRY-EDWARDS

in Building Strengths and Skills: A Collaborative Approach to Working with Clients

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195154306
eISBN:
9780199864287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154306.003.0014
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter covers the use of the strengths and skills-building model with non-offending parents whose children have recently disclosed sexual abuse. One important goal is to assess and enhance the ... More


Temptation

Richard Holton

in Willing, Wanting, Waiting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199214570
eISBN:
9780191706547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214570.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Philosophers frequently draw a distinction between cases standard temptation, that does not impugn agency, and addictive temptation, that does. This chapter concedes that there is an important ... More


Stimuli Signaling Rewards That Follow a Less-Preferred Event Are Themselves Preferred: Implications for Cognitive Dissonance

Thomas R. Zentall, Tricia S. Clement, Andrea M. Friedrich, and Kelly A. Digian

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0034
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Comparative research, once at the center of American behaviorism, has recently broadened its base to focus more on cognitive processes and ... More


What’s Required for Motivation by Principle?

Jeanette Kennett

in Motivational Internalism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199367955
eISBN:
9780199367979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199367955.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Kant claimed both that “moral feeling is the capacity to be affected by a moral judgment” and that moral motivation is motivation by principle. What are the psychological mechanism(s) that could ... More


Perish the Forethought: Premeditation Engenders Misperceptions of Personal Control

Carey K. Morewedge, Kurt Gray, and Daniel M. Wegner

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

People are normally encouraged to engage in premeditation—to think about the potential consequences of their behavior before acting. Indeed, planning, considering, and studying can be important ... More


The Immunization of Theism

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Natural theologians who aim at confirming the theistic hypothesis by adducing empirical evidence are confronted by the dilemma of God-of-the-gaps. Either theism predicts no specific phenomena at all, ... More


Reasons to Deviate

Jeffrey Brand-Ballard

in Limits of Legality: The Ethics of Lawless Judging

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195342291
eISBN:
9780199867011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342291.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter asks whether judges have pro tanto reasons to deviate in suboptimal-result cases or whether these reasons are undermined (as the undermining thesis holds). Some believe that judges are ... More


Accounting for New Visions of Sovereignty

Jennifer M. Ramos

in Changing Norms through Actions: The Evolution of Sovereignty

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199924844
eISBN:
9780199332915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199924844.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter develops the theoretical framework by which norm change occurs. Clearly, states with a preponderance of power have a disproportionate say in which norms get propagated within the ... More


Understanding Elites’ Religious Behaviors in the Middle Roman Republic

Craige B. Champion

in The Peace of the Gods: Elite Religious Practices in the Middle Roman Republic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174853
eISBN:
9781400885152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174853.003.0005
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter discusses some theoretical positions and methodologies in order to elucidate the religious behaviors of republican elites in the Middle Roman Republic. Using the psychological theory of ... More


Attribution and Motivation

Ekkehart Schlicht

in On Custom in the Economy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292241
eISBN:
9780191596865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292244.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics, History of Economic Thought

There exists not only a preference for rule following, but also a strong tendency for moulding motives that fit perceived regularities. In this way, customary patterns of behaviour engender motives ... More


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