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Normal and Pathological Cognitive Aging in Late Adulthood

Timothy A. Salthouse

in Major Issues in Cognitive Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372151
eISBN:
9780199776948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372151.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on cognitive functioning in late adulthood. It discusses three related topics: dementia, the preclinical phase of dementia, and the risk factors for cognitive decline and ... More


Health and Maintenance of Intellectual Functioning

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses the effects of health on the maintenance of intellectual functioning, the role of health behaviors, the effects of cognitive abilities as predictors of physical health, ... More


Intervention Studies

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reports the results of the cognitive intervention studies and their long-term follow-up and replication with new cohorts, as part of the Seattle Longitudinal Study. These studies lead to ... More


Three Principles for Cognitive Aging Research: Multiple Causes and Sequelae, Variance in Expression and Response, and the Need for Integrative Theory

Randy L. Buckner

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter discusses why variance might exist in cognitive decline, organizing the discussion around three principles. The first principle is that multiple, co-occurring causal mechanisms ... More


Functional MRI Studies in Aging and Early Alzheimer’s Disease: Predicting Clinical Decline

Reisa Sperling

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

The pathophysiological process of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is thought to begin years, perhaps even decades, prior to the point of clinical diagnosis. Novel functional magnetic resonance imaging ... More


Subjective Perceptions of Cognitive Change

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines the accuracy of adults' perceptions with regard to an issue that is of increasing concern with age: whether our intellectual abilities are actually declining. These concerns ... More


Expectations, Aging, and Cognitive Decline

Gábor Kézdi and Robert J. Willis

in Discoveries in the Economics of Aging

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780226146096
eISBN:
9780226146126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226146126.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

We use longitudinal data from the HRS to document general patterns in expectations with respect to aging in various domains and investigate the potential role of cognitive decline in those patterns. ... More


Methodological Studies

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter describes some of the methodological studies that were conducted as part of the Seattle Longitudinal Study. The discussion mentions the shift from a sampling-without-replacement paradigm ... More


The Aging Decision Maker: Cognitive Aging and the Adaptive Selection of Decision Strategies

Rui Mata, Lael J. Schooler, and Jörg Rieskamp

in Heuristics: The Foundations of Adaptive Behavior

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199744282
eISBN:
9780199894727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744282.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Are older adults' decision abilities fundamentally compromised by age-related cognitive decline? Or can they adaptively select decision strategies? One study (N = 163) investigated the impact of ... More


Neuropsychological problems: cognitive and affective disturbances in multiple sclerosis

Daniela Wyss and Jürg Kesselring

in Cognitive Neurology: A clinical textbook

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198569275
eISBN:
9780191724213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569275.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter aims to describe the frequency, pattern, and natural history of cognitive and affective disorders associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) and to discuss possible ways of coping with the ... More


Cognition and Hippocampal Systems in Aging:: Animal Models

Michela Gallagher, Alan H. Nagahara, and Rebecca D. Burwell

in Brain and Memory: Modulation and Mediation of Neuroplasticity

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195082944
eISBN:
9780199847877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082944.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter considers how research using laboratory animals contributes to our understanding of aging in mammals. It deals first with how such studies help to address some of the more vexing ... More


Differential diagnosis in dementia

Peter Garrard

in Cognitive Neurology: A clinical textbook

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198569275
eISBN:
9780191724213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569275.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The neurodegenerative dementias incorporate a range of pathological processes, many of which show distinctive clinical signatures. Although neurodegenerative processes are irreversible and difficult ... More


Brain Changes in Aging: A Lifespan Perspective

Randy L. Buckner Denise and Head Cindy Lustig

in Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169539
eISBN:
9780199847204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

While the constellation of observed cognitive changes in advanced aging eludes a simple, parsimonious explanation, there is a recurring distinction between cognitive decline associated with executive ... More


Cognitive Aging: Neither Universal nor Inevitable

Pamela M. Greenwood and Raja Parasuraman

in Nurturing the Older Brain and Mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017145
eISBN:
9780262301336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017145.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents studies which demonstrate that cognitive decline in old age is not inevitable. The presence of cognitive and brain plasticity in older adults is discussed along with the ability ... More


Brain Aging and Cognitive Aging

Pamela M. Greenwood and Raja Parasuraman

in Nurturing the Older Brain and Mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017145
eISBN:
9780262301336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017145.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The results of studies which examined the idea that a decline in physical functioning does not necessarily result in a decline in mental functioning are presented. Magnetic-resonance imaging studies ... More


Why Kraepelin Was Right: Schizophrenia as a Cognitive Disorder

René S. Kahn

in Schizophrenia: Evolution and Synthesis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019620
eISBN:
9780262314602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019620.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Classification of schizophrenia as a psychotic disorder has greatly inhibited progress in understanding and treating the disorder, as cognitive underperformance lies at the core of schizophrenia. ... More


Aging and Stereotype Threat: Development, Process, and Interventions

Alison L. Chasteen, Sonia K. Kang, and Jessica D. Remedios

in Stereotype Threat: Theory, Process, and Application

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732449
eISBN:
9780199918508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732449.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Age stereotypes are widespread and, although they contain some positive elements, they are primarily negative. It is likely that age stereotypes become internalized at an early age, only to ... More


The system world: developments in service provision

Neil Small, Katherine Froggatt, and Murna Downs

in Living and Dying with Dementia: Dialogues about palliative care

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198566878
eISBN:
9780191730511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566878.003.0003
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter discusses the way in which the system world attempts to meet people's needs when living and dying with dementia. It looks at a number of models of service provision that have been ... More


Intervention Studies

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle Longitudinal Study

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195386134
eISBN:
9780190255657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195386134.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter summarizes the findings of cognitive intervention studies that form part of the Seattle Longitudinal Study (SLS), first launched in 1956 to investigate various aspects of intellectual ... More


Wine Tasting, Gender, and Aging

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Neuroenology: How the Brain Creates the Taste of Wine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231177009
eISBN:
9780231542876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231177009.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Does smell sensitivity, and by implication wine aroma sensitivity, vary with age and gender? Standardized smell tests enable these questions to be tested in large human populations. These tests show ... More


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