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Anterior Cingulate Cortex Contributions to Cognitive and Emotional Processing: A General Purpose Mechanism for Cognitive Control and Self-Control

Marie K. Krug and Cameron S. Carter

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

This chapter addresses the topic of self-control from the perspective of conflict theory, a well-studied framework for understanding the behavioral and neural adaptation effects seen during the ... More


Reconstrual of “Free Will” From the Agentic Perspective of Social Cognitive Theory

Albert Bandura

in Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reconstrues “free will” in terms of the exercise of personal control through cognitive and self-regulative processes. In this conception, psychosocial functioning is the product of a ... More


 The Role of the Posterior Frontolateral Cortex in Task‐Related Control

Marcel Brass, Jan Derrfuss, and Yves von Cramon

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on different aspects of rule‐guided behavior, its functional neuroanatomy and role in cognitive control and, more specifically, cognitive flexibility. First, it argues that an ... More


Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Silvia A. Bunge and Jonathan D. Wallis (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

A fundamental question facing neuroscience is how complex behavior is controlled. This book brings together a number of leading cognitive and systems neuroscientists focusing on this question. ... More


Conflict Control Loop Theory of Cognitive Control

Marie K Krug and Cameron S Carter

in The Neuroscience of Attention: Attentional Control and Selection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334364
eISBN:
9780199932283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334364.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explores the conflict control loop theory of cognitive control, a mechanistic framework that helps explain the behavioral and neural mechanisms that are engaged due to conflict from ... More


Dopaminergic Modulation of Flexible Cognitive Control in Humans

Roshan Cools and Mark D’Esposito

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter highlights the importance for cognitive control not only of the prefrontal cortex (PFC), but also of the striatum, which has been traditionally associated primarily with movement ... More


Cognitive and Motivational Functions of the Human Prefrontal Cortex

Jared X. Van Snellenberg and Tor D. Wager

in Luria's Legacy in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195176704
eISBN:
9780199864706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176704.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

The decades since Luria's seminal work in neuropsychology have brought tremendous advances in the understanding of prefrontal cortex (PFC) function. This chapter reviews meta-analytic, functional ... More


The Role of Prefrontal Cortex in Normal and Disordered Cognitive Control: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective

Todd S. Braver, Jonathan D. Cohen, and Deanna M. Barch

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0027
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter presents a theory of prefrontal cortex (PFC) function using the connectionist computational modeling framework. This modeling approach involves three components: (1) computational ... More


Using the Stroop Task to Study Emotion Regulation

Jason Buhle, Tor Wager, and Ed Smith

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

The Stroop task is among the most influential experimental paradigms for the study of cognitive control. Recent variants have sought to extend the Stroop task to the study of emotional regulation. To ... More


The cognitive architecture of the human lateral prefrontal cortex

Etienne Koechlin

in Sensorimotor Foundations of Higher Cognition

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199231447
eISBN:
9780191696510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231447.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter proposes a theory to describe the overall architecture of human lateral prefrontal functions based on recent neuroimaging results. It describes an information-theoretic approach to ... More


Thoughts about Thoughts: The Control versus Noncontrol of Thinking

Wilma Koutstaal

in The Agile Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195367188
eISBN:
9780199918232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367188.003.0037
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on levels of cognitive control versus noncontrol (e.g., spontaneity, automaticity) with respect to a person's “thoughts about thoughts”, involving higher level beliefs about ... More


The Developing Adolescent Brain in Socioeconomic Context

Martha J. Farah, Kimberly G. Noble, and Hallam Hurt

in Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing Brain: Integrating Brain and Prevention Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306255
eISBN:
9780199863914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306255.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter aims to understand the neurocognitive basis of the influence of socioeconomic status (SES) on adolescent development. It shows that both executive and language function vary with SES. ... More


Cognitive Control, Cognitive Search, and Motivational Salience: A Systems Neuroscience Approach

K. Richard Ridderinkhof and Helga A. Harsay

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

An essential facet of adaptive and versatile behavior is the ability to prioritize actions in response to dynamically changing circumstances, in particular when circumstances require the coordination ... More


Mental Control and Visual Illusions: Errors of Action and Construal in Race-Based Weapon Misidentification

Mark B. Stokes and B. Keith Payne

in The Science of Social Vision

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195333176
eISBN:
9780199864324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter describes a research program examining the influence of race bias on visual perception, and focuses on disentangling the various ways in which we can describe these biases as perceptual. ... More


Executive Control of Cognitive Search

Joshua W. Brown and Derek E. Nee

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

At a basic level, cognitive search involves several parameters: Under what circumstances should a search be initiated, and how should the goal be specified? What are the criteria by which the search ... More


Crime and Horror Fiction

Torben Grodal

in Moving Pictures: A New Theory of Film Genres, Feelings, and Cognition

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198159834
eISBN:
9780191673719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198159834.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

Crime fiction is a subgenre of canonical narratives. As a result of its narrative structure, it has a characteristic strong emphasis on cognitive control, compared with the typical canonical ... More


Cognitive Control in a Computational Model of the Predator Pilot

Kevin A. Gluck, Jerry T. Ball, and Michael A. Krusmark

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter describes four models of cognitive control in pilots of remotely piloted aircraft. The models vary in the knowledge available to them and in the aircraft maneuvering strategies that ... More


Reasoning as Cognitive Self-Regulation

Nicholas L. Cassimatis

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Comprehensive models of reasoning require models of cognitive control and vice versa. The cognitive architectures used to model the cognitive processes involved in reasoning and control are based on ... More


How motor-related is cognitive control?

Marcel Brass and D. Yves von Cramon

in Sensorimotor Foundations of Higher Cognition

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199231447
eISBN:
9780191696510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231447.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the relation between motor and cognitive control. It explains the result of a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study which reveals that there is no interaction ... More


The BrainWise Curriculum: Neurocognitive Development Intervention Program

Patricia Gorman Barry and Marilyn Welsh

in Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing Brain: Integrating Brain and Prevention Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306255
eISBN:
9780199863914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306255.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter describes a program for grades K-12 that teaches emotional and cognitive control of behavior and general problem solving skills. The program, called BrainWise, uses metaphors taken from ... More


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