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De Partibus Animalium IV.10 686a31

Pavel Gregoric

in Aristotle on the Common Sense

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199277377
eISBN:
9780191707537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277377.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In PA IV.10 Aristotle explains the upright posture of human beings with reference to physiological factors that determine the abilities to think and behave intelligently. A detailed interpretation ... More


The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence, and Stephen Stich (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book is the second of a three-volume set on the subject of innateness. The book is highly interdisciplinary, and addresses such question as: to what extent are mature cognitive capacities a ... More


De Anima III.7 431b5

Pavel Gregoric

in Aristotle on the Common Sense

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199277377
eISBN:
9780191707537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277377.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines whether De Anima 431 b 5 contains an elliptical occurrence of the phrase ‘common sense’, and if so, what is its exact reference. As a starting point, it is assumed that the ... More


De Memoria et Reminiscentia 1 450a10

Pavel Gregoric

in Aristotle on the Common Sense

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199277377
eISBN:
9780191707537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277377.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter offers an interpretation of the passage in De Memoria et Reminiscentia 1 which aims to show that memory does not belong to the rational capacity of the soul, but rather to what ... More


Positive Reasons, Defeaters, and the Infant/Child Objection

Jennifer Lackey

in Learning from Words: Testimony as a Source of Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199219162
eISBN:
9780191711824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219162.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is devoted to defending dualism from an objection that is often regarded by non-reductionists as decisive against requiring positive reasons for testimonial justification or warrant: ... More


Why Do We Essentialize?

Susan A. Gelman

in The Essential Child: Origins of Essentialism in Everyday Thought

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154061
eISBN:
9780199786718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154061.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The question of why we essentialize gives rise to a variety of other questions, concerning issues such as where essentialism is located, or what properties of the mind give rise to essentialism. ... More


The Universities Expansion Made

Steven Brint

in Two Cheers for Higher Education

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182667
eISBN:
9780691184890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182667.003.0001
Subject:
Education, Higher and Further Education

This chapter argues that the traditional structures and purposes of colleges and universities are intended to produce two outcomes: the expansion of knowledge, principally in the disciplines but also ... More


Constructions of Intersubjectivity: Discourse, Syntax, and Cognition

Arie Verhagen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199226702
eISBN:
9780191706646
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226702.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This book shows that the meaning of grammatical constructions often has more to do with the human cognitive capacity for taking other peoples' points of view than with describing the world. Treating ... More


Archaeology and the Origins of Modern Humans: European and African Perspectives

Paul Mellars

in The Speciation of Modern Homo Sapiens

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263112
eISBN:
9780191734885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263112.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter outlines the archaeological evidence for the relative recency and abruptness of appearance of artefacts associated with the creativity of modern humans. It compares the archaeological ... More


Poverty of Stimulus Arguments Concerning Language and Folk Psychology

Gabriel Segal

in The Innate Mind, Volume 3: Foundations and the Future

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195332834
eISBN:
9780199868117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332834.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on comparing and contrasting poverty of stimulus arguments for innate cognitive apparatus in relation to language and to folk psychology. It shows that many of the data needed to ... More


Responsibility Transfer

Gilles Saint-Paul

in The Tyranny of Utility: Behavioral Social Science and the Rise of Paternalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128177
eISBN:
9781400838899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128177.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter focuses on a new feature of paternalism: responsibility transfer. Responsibility transfer means holding an individual liable for a perfectly licit action, on the grounds that this action ... More


The Hubris of Absolutism

David E. Cooper

in The Measure of Things: Humanism, Humility, and Mystery

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199235988
eISBN:
9780191696688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235988.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter assesses the charge of humanism against absolutism. For the typical absolutist, they have the capacity to provide an account of the world that is both true and clean. This claim, in the ... More


Linguistic Universals and Language Change

Jeff Good (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298495
eISBN:
9780191711442
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298495.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This book looks at the relationship between linguistic universals and language change. Reflecting the resurgence of work in both fields over the last two decades, it addresses two related issues of ... More


Intelligence and Cognitive Abilities as Competencies in Development

Damian P. Birney and Robert J. Sternberg

in Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169539
eISBN:
9780199847204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses four theoretical approaches—psychometric theories, information-processing theories, Piagetian and neo-Piagetian theories, and contextualist theories—and the associated ... More


The Lives of Others: Social Rationality in Animals

Jeffrey R. Stevens and Andrew J. King

in Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Why do animals attend to the lives of others? Social situations have provided important pressures in the evolution of behavior. In fact, some have argued that the complexities of social life require ... More


“Person”—Locke’s Definition

Galen Strawson

in Locke on Personal Identity: Consciousness and Concernment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161006
eISBN:
9781400851843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161006.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines John Locke's definition of “Person” by showing that “the Person or self that I am, the individual morally accountable subject of experience [P] that I am, considered at any ... More


Folk logic and animal rationality

Kim Sterelny

in Rational Animals?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528272
eISBN:
9780191689529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528272.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the relationship between metarepresentation and social cognition within an evolutionary perspective on animal ... More


Dynamics of Completion

Shirley Brice Heath

in The Artful Mind: Cognitive Science and the Riddle of Human Creativity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195306361
eISBN:
9780199851034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306361.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores how three basic cognitive capacities—categorization, cross-domain mapping, and the use of conceptual models—operate at the specific level of understanding music. This ... More


Cognition

Thomas Nagel

in Mind and Cosmos: Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception of Nature is Almost Certainly False

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199919758
eISBN:
9780199980369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199919758.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines another type of antireductionist argument and its consequences. It first identifies the problem concerning mental functions such as reasoning, thought, and evaluation that are ... More


With Power Comes Responsibility: Cognitive Capacities and Rational Requirements

Magdalena Balcerak Jackson and Brendan Balcerak Jackson

in Reasoning: New Essays on Theoretical and Practical Thinking

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198791478
eISBN:
9780191876844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791478.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Philosophers often take it for granted that the requirements of rationality are universal, that whatever rationality requires of a subject’s reasoning is exactly what it would require of any other ... More


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