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Relations between Age and Cognitive Functioning

Timothy A. Salthouse

in Major Issues in Cognitive Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372151
eISBN:
9780199776948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372151.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of the purpose of this book, which is to summarize some of the robust and replicated research findings concerned with the effects of aging on cognitive ... More


Practical Consequences and Potential Interventions

Timothy A. Salthouse

in Major Issues in Cognitive Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372151
eISBN:
9780199776948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372151.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Assuming that the phenomena described in earlier chapters are accepted as robust and valid, two questions are often asked: (1) Why are there not greater consequences of these cognitive declines in ... More


Mediators and Moderators of Cognitive Aging

Timothy A. Salthouse

in Major Issues in Cognitive Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372151
eISBN:
9780199776948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372151.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses two analytical procedures — mediation and moderation — which can be informative about potential causes of age-cognition relations. Both are based on the principle that although ... More


Within-Person and Across-Time Comparisons

Timothy A. Salthouse

in Major Issues in Cognitive Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372151
eISBN:
9780199776948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372151.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

One of the important questions in the field of cognitive aging is what is responsible for the different age relations found in cross-sectional and longitudinal comparisons of cognitive functioning. ... More


Approaches to Investigating Cognitive Aging

Timothy A. Salthouse

in Major Issues in Cognitive Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372151
eISBN:
9780199776948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372151.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers how sources of hypotheses for the locus of age differences in cognition have often been based on models and metaphors in cognitive psychology. It considers the primary ways in ... More


Normal and Pathological Cognitive Aging in Late Adulthood

Timothy A. Salthouse

in Major Issues in Cognitive Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372151
eISBN:
9780199776948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372151.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on cognitive functioning in late adulthood. It discusses three related topics: dementia, the preclinical phase of dementia, and the risk factors for cognitive decline and ... More


Major Issues in Cognitive Aging

Timothy Salthouse

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372151
eISBN:
9780199776948
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372151.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

In recent years the field of cognitive aging has flourished and expanded into many different disciplines. It is probably, therefore, inevitable that some of the research has become very narrow, ... More


Role of Dopamine Systems in Cognitive Aging

Lars Bäckman and Lars Farde

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter reviews literature on the influence of age-related changes in the nigrostriatal dopamine (DA) system on age-related cognitive changes. The chapter is organized as follows: first, it ... More


Three Principles for Cognitive Aging Research: Multiple Causes and Sequelae, Variance in Expression and Response, and the Need for Integrative Theory

Randy L. Buckner

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter discusses why variance might exist in cognitive decline, organizing the discussion around three principles. The first principle is that multiple, co-occurring causal mechanisms ... More


 Hippocampal Place Cells as a Window into Age‐related Memory Impairments

Iain A. Wilson and Heikki Tanila

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter shows that place cells can provide a view into the individual differences associated with cognitive aging. For instance, they illustrate that at least with aging, memory success requires ... More


The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory and Aging

Patricia A. Reuter-Lorenz and Ching-Yune C. Sylvester

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter reviews current knowledge about the effects of normal aging on working memory and its neural underpinnings. It begins with a general overview of working memory, how it is measured by ... More


Long-Term Memory and Aging: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective

Denise C. Park and Angela H. Gutchess

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter provides an updated view of what is known about aging and memory, integrating behaviorally based research with more recent neurally-based findings. It argues that with age, memory ... More


Age-Related Changes in Hemispheric Organization

Sander Daselaar and Roberto Cabeza

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter links recent behavioral and neuroimaging findings on hemispheric lateralization and aging to general ideas about hemispheric organization. The chapter has three main sections. The first ... More


New Frontiers in Cognitive Aging

Roger Dixon, Lars Backman, and Lars-Goran Nilsson (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525691
eISBN:
9780191689369
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525691.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

With an ever increasing population of aging people in the western world, it is more crucial than ever that we try to understand how and why cognitive competence breaks down with advancing age; why do ... More


The Neural Basis of Age-Related Declines in Prospective Memory

West Robert

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter has three main goals: (1) to provide an overview of current models of prospective memory within the context of the cognitive aging literature; (2) to provide a review of findings related ... More


Future directions in cognitive aging research: Perspectives from the National Institute on Aging

Daniel B. Berch and Molly V. Wagster

in New Frontiers in Cognitive Aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525691
eISBN:
9780191689369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525691.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The National Institute on Aging (NIA) has had a long-standing interest in supporting both mainstream and cutting-edge research in the field of cognitive aging. This chapter outlines the NIA’s ... More


Cognitive aging: New directions for old theories

Denise Park and Meredith Minear

in New Frontiers in Cognitive Aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525691
eISBN:
9780191689369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525691.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes the current state of knowledge with respect to what happens to our cognitive systems with age, including theoretical, behavioural, and neurobiological perspectives, as well as ... More


Health, disease, and cognitive functioning in old age

Åke Wahlin

in New Frontiers in Cognitive Aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525691
eISBN:
9780191689369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525691.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The accumulation of multiple chronic illnesses with advancing age is well established, and characterizes a significant proportion of the elderly population. This chapter discusses how this is ... More


Don’t fence us in: Probing the frontiers of cognitive aging

Roger A. Dixon and Lars-Göran Nilsson

in New Frontiers in Cognitive Aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525691
eISBN:
9780191689369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525691.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with the story behind the development of this book and its theme. It then presents a brief overview of the book’ perspective on cognitive aging — how this perspective underlies ... More


Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change

Ellen Bialystok and Fergus I. M. Craik (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169539
eISBN:
9780199847204
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book creates a bridge across cognitive development and cognitive aging. Pairs of researchers study the rise and fall of specific cognitive functions, such as attention, executive functioning, ... More


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