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Health and Maintenance of Intellectual Functioning

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses the effects of health on the maintenance of intellectual functioning, the role of health behaviors, the effects of cognitive abilities as predictors of physical health, ... More


Looking Down on Human Intelligence: From Psychometrics to the Brain

Ian Deary

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524175
eISBN:
9780191712531
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524175.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Human mental ability differences have a hierarchical structure, and may be viewed at levels from general ability (g) to specific abilities. Ability differences show moderate stability across the ... More


Individual Differences

Allan Paivio

in Mental Representations: A dual coding approach

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195066661
eISBN:
9780199894086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195066661.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on individual differences in representational habits and skills, which presumably result from the developmental processes discussed in Chapter 5. The primary goal is to interpret ... More


Anti‐Luck Virtue Epistemology

Duncan Pritchard

in The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199586264
eISBN:
9780191723360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586264.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter canvasses two master intuitions about knowledge: the ability intuition and the anti-luck intuition. It argues that a robust anti-luck epistemology, which takes the anti-luck intuition as ... More


Social cognition

Ádám Miklósi

in Dog Behaviour, Evolution, and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199295852
eISBN:
9780191711688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295852.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Recent interest in dog behaviour has been overwhelmed by questions on socio-cognitive abilities in this species. This chapter refers to such abilities in a broad sense, that is, it includes ... More


All Animals Are Not Equal: The Interface between Scientific Knowledge and Legislation for Animal Rights

Lesley J. Rogers and Gisela Kaplan

in Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195305104
eISBN:
9780199850556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305104.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter discusses issues concerning the interface between scientific knowledge and legislation for animal rights. It reviews available and up-to-date scientific evidence for awareness of self, ... More


Mental Status Testing

Ian McDowell

in Measuring Health: A guide to rating scales and questionnaires

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195165678
eISBN:
9780199864034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165678.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Population aging has highlighted the importance of disorders of cognition such as Alzheimer's disease. This chapter outlines a range of approaches to assessing cognitive ability and reviews thirteen ... More


Intelligence as a Predictor of Performance on Heuristics and Biases Tasks

(Keith E. Stanovich and Richard F. West)

in Rationality and the Reflective Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195341140
eISBN:
9780199894307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341140.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter reviews what is known about the connections between intelligence and the reasoning biases related to human rationality. Overall, the associations are surprisingly modest. There is great ... More


The Database

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents the database for the Seattle Longitudinal Study and details the study participants and the measurement battery. The chapter also discusses, in addition to the cognitive ability ... More


Studies of Cohort and Period Differences

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reports findings regarding cohort and period differences in cognitive abilities as well as on other variables included in the Seattle Longitudinal Study. Here, expanded operational ... More


Cognitive Performance After Listening to Music: A Review of the Mozart Effect

E. Glenn Schellenberg

in Music, Health, and Wellbeing

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199586974
eISBN:
9780191738357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586974.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter reviews studies that examined the effects of music listening on cognitive performance. It focuses on performance after listening to music. The arousal and mood hypothesis offers an ... More


Individual differences and cognitive models of the mind: using the differentiation hypothesis to distinguish general and specific cognitive processes

Mike Anderson and Jeff Nelson

in Measuring the Mind: Speed, control, and age

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566427
eISBN:
9780191693588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566427.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter uses a hypothesis from research on individual differences in cognitive ability – the differentiation hypothesis – to show that individual differences can be informative for cognitive ... More


Multivariate Parent-Offspring Analyses of Specific Cognitive Abilities

Maricela Alarcón, Robert Plomin, Robin P. Corley, and John C. Defries

in Nature, Nurture, and the Transition to Early Adolescence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195157475
eISBN:
9780199848065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157475.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

During the last few decades, family, twin, and adoption designs have been used to assess the genetic and environmental etiologies of specific cognitive ... More


The Lacunae of Loss? Aging and the Differentiation of Cognitive Abilities

Patrick Rabbitt and Mike Anderson

in Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169539
eISBN:
9780199847204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the effect of aging on cognitive abilities and asks whether all cognitive abilities show evidence of decline or whether some abilities are relatively spared. Declines in ... More


Whither Cognitive Talent?: Understanding High Ability and its Development, Relevance, and Furtherance

Heiner Rindermann, Stephen J. Ceci, and Wendy M. Williams

in The Complexity of Greatness: Beyond Talent or Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199794003
eISBN:
9780199345212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794003.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter concentrates in on what is arguably one of the most important domains of excellence – cognitive ability. Cognitive process theories (constructivist and psychometric intelligence ... More


Emotional Intelligence: More Than Personality and Cognitive Ability?

Nicholas R. Burns, Veneta A. Bastian, and Ted Nettelbeck

in The Science of Emotional Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195181890
eISBN:
9780199847860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181890.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter addresses key questions about how emotional intelligence (EI) should be conceptualized. Is EI distinct from existing personality and ability constructs? If so, what are the main ... More


Effects of Prenatal Smoking on 12-Year-Old Children’s Cognitive and Behavioral Outcomes

Michelle Ward and Laura A. Baker

in Nature, Nurture, and the Transition to Early Adolescence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195157475
eISBN:
9780199848065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157475.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter explores the effect of prenatal smoking on cognitive and behavioral outcomes in children. These effects are examined in both adopted and ... More


Emotion in Memory and Development: Biological, Cognitive, and Social Considerations

Jodi Quas and Robyn Fivush (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326932
eISBN:
9780199870318
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326932.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The question of how well children recall and can discuss emotional experiences is one with numerous theoretical and applied implications. Theoretically, the role of emotions generally and emotional ... More


Spatial cognition, visuomotor action and attention

Janette Atkinson and Oliver Braddick

in Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A neuroconstructivist approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199594818
eISBN:
9780191738166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.003.0063
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The first part of this chapter outlines a neurobiological model of visual mechanisms (and their development) that provides the neural underpinnings of the infant and young child's visual, ... More


On Structure and Process in Lifespan Cognitive Development

Fergus I. M. Craik and Ellen Bialystok

in Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169539
eISBN:
9780199847204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

For the most part, researchers in cognitive development investigate the emergence of cognitive abilities from birth until about ten or twelve years old, and researchers in cognitive aging confine ... More


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