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Augustine's Way into the Will: The Theological and Philosophical Significance of De libero arbitrio

Simon Harrison

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780198269847
eISBN:
9780191713385
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269847.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Augustine is a pivotal figure in the history of the concept of will, but what is his ‘theory of will’? This book investigates Augustine’s use of ‘will’ in one particular context, his dialogue On Free ... More


Conclusion

Simon Harrison

in Augustine's Way into the Will: The Theological and Philosophical Significance of De libero arbitrio

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780198269847
eISBN:
9780191713385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269847.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

For Augustine, one’s freedom and responsibility is elucidated by means of a process of calling the notion of will into question (‘I don’t know’). This process gives rise to an understanding of will, ... More


A Cogito‐Like Argument?

Simon Harrison

in Augustine's Way into the Will: The Theological and Philosophical Significance of De libero arbitrio

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780198269847
eISBN:
9780191713385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269847.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

When Descartes published his Meditations, the similarity of his arguments to some found in Augustine was immediately pointed out to him. The most frequently cited and most similar is Augustine’s ... More


Synopsis: The Thinking-Man Paradox

Joseph Almog

in Cogito?: Descartes and Thinking the World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195337716
eISBN:
9780199868704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337716.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter begins with a discussion of Descartes' proposition, Cogito or in English, I think, and his “thinking-man paradox”. It explains the focus of the book, which is the predicate (verb) of the ... More


Experiment, Imagination, and the Self

Jonardon Ganeri

in The Self: Naturalism, Consciousness, and the First-Person Stance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199652365
eISBN:
9780191740718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652365.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

This chapter contrasts two methodologies for thinking about the nature of self, neither of which are fully satisfactory. The method of philosophical naturalism, which affirms a continuity between ... More


Frege on Apriority (2000)

TYLER BURGE

in Truth, Thought, Reason: Essays on Frege

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199278534
eISBN:
9780191706943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278534.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter compares Frege's conception of apriority with those of Kant and Leibniz. The oddity (indeed, mistake) in Frege's explaining apriority in terms of derivation from general laws is ... More


‘I-Think’ as the Destroyer of Rational Psychology

Patricia Kitcher

in Kant’s Thinker

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199754823
eISBN:
9780199855889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754823.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter draws on the positive account of apperception that emerges from the transcendental deduction to illuminate the details of Kant’s criticisms of Rational Psychology. It argues that his ... More


Imagining Mind and Body

David Cunning

in Argument and Persuasion in Descartes’ Meditations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195399608
eISBN:
9780199866502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399608.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that the Second Meditation result “I am a thinking thing” is not the result “I am an immaterial thing” and is not the result “I am a thinking substance.” Most meditators are not ... More


Cartesian Truth

Thomas C. Vinci

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195113297
eISBN:
9780199833825
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195113292.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Written in the tradition of analytic reconstruction, Cartesian Truth provides a systematic reinterpretation of central themes in Descartes's epistemology, metaphysics and ontology, theory of ... More


Ego Sum

Jean-Luc Nancy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780823270613
eISBN:
9780823270651
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823270613.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Published in 1979, Ego sum challenges, through a careful and unprecedented reading of Descartes’s writings, the picture of Descartes as the father of modern philosophy: the thinker who founded the ... More


Malebranche's Theory of the Soul: A Cartesian Interpretation

Tad Schmaltz

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103441
eISBN:
9780199833641
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103440.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book considers in the broader context of early modern Cartesianism Malebranche's claim that consciousness of the soul yields knowledge of a nature that is radically inferior in kind to the ... More


Certainty: Psychological, Moral, and Metaphysical

Edwin Curley

in Essays on the Philosophy and Science of René Descartes

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195075519
eISBN:
9780199853052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075519.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines Peter Markie's book, “Descartes Gambit,” Edwin Curley's work titled “Descartes Against the Skeptics” and the exchange of criticisms between the two works. The “gambit” Markie ... More


The Cogito: Privileged Truth or Exemplary Truth?

Michelle Beyssade

in Essays on the Philosophy and Science of René Descartes

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195075519
eISBN:
9780199853052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075519.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter describes how Descartes, after having gained the certainty of his existence as a thinking thing, derived from this first knowledge the general rule that allows him to become certain of ... More


The Soul According to Descartes

Michel Henry

in Essays on the Philosophy and Science of René Descartes

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195075519
eISBN:
9780199853052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075519.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter attempts a phenomenological elucidation of what Descartes understood by the soul. In this aim, the presuppositions of classical phenomenology, either Husserlian or post-Husserlian, are ... More


Generosity and Phenomenology: Remarks on Michel Henry's Interpretation of the Cartesian Cogito

Jean-Luc Marion

in Essays on the Philosophy and Science of René Descartes

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195075519
eISBN:
9780199853052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075519.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter ventures into a deeper interpretation of the concept of cogito, ergo sum. The chapter begins with a presentation of the newly-reborn challenge and contact of Descartes' thoughts to ... More


On the Idea of God: Incomprehensibility or Incompatibilities?

Jean-marie Beyssade

in Essays on the Philosophy and Science of René Descartes

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195075519
eISBN:
9780199853052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075519.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The totality of Cartesian science is based on metaphysics, and two fundamental principles intersect within this metaphysics or first philosophy: one is called the cogito (I think, therefore I am; and ... More


Mind-Body Interaction in Descartes

Stephen I. Wagner

in Essays on the Philosophy and Science of René Descartes

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195075519
eISBN:
9780199853052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075519.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses a re-emerging topic in Cartesian scholarship—mind and body interaction. A number of thinkers, from his contemporaries onward, have maintained that Descartes' account of his two ... More


The Defence of Natural Philosophy 1640–1644

Stephen Gaukroger

in Descartes: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237242
eISBN:
9780191597480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237243.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Discusses the Meditationes, its reception, and Descartes's response. In this work, Descartes avoided theological questions (except for the doctrine of transubstantiation). Describes the structure of ... More


Self Knowledge and the Rule of Truth

Thomas C. Vinci

in Cartesian Truth

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195113297
eISBN:
9780199833825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195113292.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Basic Cartesian intuitions are directed at simple natures, not truths; but intuitions are also a foundation for propositional knowledge. There are two basic objectives of this chapter: (1) to show ... More


Existence

Colin McGinn

in Logical Properties: Identity, Existence, Predication, Necessity, Truth

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241811
eISBN:
9780191598029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241813.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The ‘naïve view’ of existence, according to which ‘exists’ is a genuine predicate, expressing a genuine property, is defended against the orthodox Russellian view, which maintains that to predicate ... More


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