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Reconsidering Organizations as Cultures of Integrity

George Cheney, Daniel J. Lair, Dean Ritz, and Brenden E. Kendall

in Just a Job?: Communication, Ethics, and Professional Life

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195182774
eISBN:
9780199871001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182774.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter focuses on the modern organization as a unit of life experience that is taken for granted yet little understood, showing how organizational culture shapes and sustains integrity (or ... More


Ethics and Research Methodology

Peter Lyons and Howard J. Doueck

in The Dissertation: From Beginning to End

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373912
eISBN:
9780199865604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373912.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter describes ethical issues in social research including discussion of the NASW Code of Ethics, Institutional Review Board (IRB) processes, and requirements for the protection of human ... More


Know Yourself and Your Responsibilities

James C. Raines and Nic T. Dibble

in Ethical Decision-Making in School Mental Health

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780197506820
eISBN:
9780197506851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197506820.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Knowing yourself and your responsibilities requires that you understand your ethical assumptions and frameworks. This chapter identifies four major ethical theories that inform professional codes of ... More


The Anti-Code Revolt: Laissez-Faire Medical Ethics, 1876–1979

Robert Baker

in Before Bioethics: A History of American Medical Ethics from the Colonial Period to the Bioethics Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199774111
eISBN:
9780199369508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199774111.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter describes the transformation of the American Medical Association's (AMA) instrument of ethical self-regulation—the 1847 Code of Medical Ethics—from an icon of professional pride into a ... More


Oaths and Codes of Medical Police and Ethics, 1806–1846

Robert Baker

in Before Bioethics: A History of American Medical Ethics from the Colonial Period to the Bioethics Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199774111
eISBN:
9780199369508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199774111.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses the challenges faced by American medical societies in the antebellum period, including their attempts to develop common standards of practice, differentiate between legitimate ... More


A National Code of Medical Ethics

Robert Baker

in Before Bioethics: A History of American Medical Ethics from the Colonial Period to the Bioethics Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199774111
eISBN:
9780199369508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199774111.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter recounts the story of the creation of a national medical society and a national code of medical ethics. It highlights the role played by four key actors: Nathan Smith Davis (1817–1904), ... More


Ethics Management in Banking and Finance

Boudewijn de Bruin

in Capital Failure: Rebuilding Trust in Financial Services

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198712220
eISBN:
9780191780752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712220.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Economic Systems

This chapter discusses how the values which individuals hold will help to frame choices and so influence the choices that are made. If ethical issues in finance have limited ‘moral intensity’ in ... More


Whistleblowing

Mike W. Martin

in Meaningful Work: Rethinking Professional Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195133257
eISBN:
9780199848706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133257.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

As professionals, engineers live by codes of ethics that ascribe to them a paramount obligation to protect the safety, health, and welfare of the public, an obligation that frequently implies ... More


Relativism and Rights

Ronald Niezen

in The Origins of Indigenism: Human Rights and the Politics of Identity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520235540
eISBN:
9780520936690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235540.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

This chapter deals with the two important theoretical/philosophical problems facing the human rights movement: relativism and collective rights. If the relativist idea of cultural contingency in ... More


Ethics and Criminal Justice

Andrew Ashworth

in Legal Ethics and Professional Responsibility

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198259312
eISBN:
9780191681936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198259312.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

This chapter describes the ethical problems in the criminal law jurisdictions. The concern of this chapter is with one particular kind of criticism — that certain conduct in criminal justice is ... More


On Becoming a Physician

Dagmar Wujastyk

in Well-Mannered Medicine: Medical Ethics and Etiquette in Classical Ayurveda

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199856268
eISBN:
9780199950560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856268.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter describes ayurvedic education, beginning with the criteria for a medical student's eligibility and his ethical duties as a student. It discusses the relationship between teacher and ... More


Introduction

James C. Raines

in Evidence-Based Practice in School Mental Health

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195366266
eISBN:
9780199864027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366266.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Research and Evaluation

This introductory chapter addresses five major reasons for evidence-based practice and three philosophies of science that might serve to under gird it. The five reasons are ethical, legal, clinical, ... More


Trustworthy Information: Medical Journals and the Internet

George D. Lundberg

in The Trust Crisis in Healthcare: Causes, Consequences, and Cures

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195176360
eISBN:
9780199865598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176360.003.10
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Trustworthy information is a central requirement of a working healthcare system. This chapter describes how trust is important in medical communications, both in the published word and in medical ... More


Concluding Reflections

Dagmar Wujastyk

in Well-Mannered Medicine: Medical Ethics and Etiquette in Classical Ayurveda

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199856268
eISBN:
9780199950560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856268.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

In the concluding reflections, the research findings of the preceding chapters are summarized. The position of ayurvedic ethics within a broader South Asian context are discussed, arguing that ... More


Human Rights

Desmond Rea and Robin Masefield

in Policing in Northern Ireland: Delivering the New Beginning?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781781381502
eISBN:
9781781382172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781381502.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter, written in part by Fraser Sampson, deals with the importance of human rights policing as emphasised by the Independent Commission, and the unique progress made by the Policing Board, ... More


Professional Medical Ethics, 1848–1875: Abortion, Inquisition, and Exclusion

Robert Baker

in Before Bioethics: A History of American Medical Ethics from the Colonial Period to the Bioethics Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199774111
eISBN:
9780199369508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199774111.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter looks at when the American Medical Association (AMA) introduced content into the yet-to-be defined concepts of “professionalism” and “professional ethics” that it inherited when it ... More


Policy work and the ethics of obedience and resistance: perspectives from Britain and beyond

Tony Evans

in Social Work and the Making of Social Policy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781447349150
eISBN:
9781447349204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447349150.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

In this chapter, I will explore core tensions for social workers underlying their roles as policy implementers in welfare agencies, and consider the ethical questions this tension raises in ... More


Rewards, Challenges, and Ethical Dilemmas in Undertaking Community Asset Assessments

MELVIN DELGADO and DENISE HUMM-DELGADO

in Asset Assessments and Community Social Work Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199735846
eISBN:
9780199315864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735846.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

Community asset assessments are a distinctive form of community-based participatory research, with all of its rewards and challenges. This form of research, as the reader will see, has its share of ... More


The morality of artificial agents

Luciano Floridi

in The Ethics of Information

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199641321
eISBN:
9780191760938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641321.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In this chapter, I argue that there are clear and uncontroversial cases in which an artificial agent may qualify as a moral agent. This does not relieve the creator of that agent of responsibility. ... More


EthicsXExpediency

Mike Fortun

in Promising Genomics: Iceland and deCODE Genetics in a World of Speculation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247505
eISBN:
9780520942615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247505.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In 1999, deCODE Genetics printed a “code of ethics” written by “a group of deCODE employees,” with the Ethics Institute of the University of Iceland listed as “Advisors.” No people were listed, just ... More


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