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Drugs: Is the War Winnable?

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The federal government asserted a role in fighting narcotics abuse since the early 20th century, but it was not until the Richard Nixon administration starting in 1969 that a federal “war on drugs” ... More


Colombia: The Emergence of a New Producer

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195322996
eISBN:
9780199944194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter explores the emergence of Colombia as an opiate producer during the 1970s. It suggests that some of the factors that contributed to the development of the opiate industry in Colombia are ... More


Pharmacology of CTA

F. Bermúdez-Rattoni

in Conditioned Taste Aversion: Memory of a Special Kind

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523475
eISBN:
9780191712678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523475.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

While the CTA eliciting stimuli are restricted to the gustatory modality, the same substance can also be used as the US when it is ingested, and it influences the gastrointestinal system. Many drugs ... More


Progeny of the 1990s: Three New Explanations of Decline

Franklin E. Zimring

in The Great American Crime Decline

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181159
eISBN:
9780199944132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181159.003.0040
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter considers the three theorized causes of crime declines in increasing order of novelty—first police, then the rise and fall of crack cocaine, and finally the impact of increased access to ... More


Dictionaries of Drugs Slang

Coleman Julie

in A History of Cant and Slang Dictionaries: Volume IV: 1937-1984

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199567256
eISBN:
9780191595073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567256.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Lexicography

In part fed by developments in youth culture, drug-taking became another major cause for concern during this period, and glossaries were produced for the use of various professional groups dealing ... More


Team Chemistry: The History of Drugs and Alcohol in Major League Baseball

Nathan Michael Corzine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039799
eISBN:
9780252097898
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039799.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

In 2007, the Mitchell Report shocked traditionalists who were appalled that drugs had corrupted the “pure” game of baseball. This book rescues the story of baseball's relationship with drugs from the ... More


Psychoactive Agents and the Self

ROY J MATHEW

in The Lost Self: Pathologies of the Brain and Identity

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195173413
eISBN:
9780199865758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173413.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter examines alterations of the self that are due to an array of psychoactive drugs. It discusses the effects of mescaline, cocaine, and ecstasy on the self, and then relates the scientific ... More


The Genetics of Consumption, Part II: Substance Abuse: Substance Abuse

William R. Clark and Michael Grunstein

in Are We Hardwired?: The Role of Genes in Human Behavior

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178005
eISBN:
9780199893331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178005.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Substance abuse, like eating disorders, has a strong genetic component as shown by twin and adoption studies. There is also a strong correlation with depression and impulsivity, which have strong ... More


Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Alexander Prehn-Kristensen, Richard Cooke, Lioba Baving, and Cynthia Schumann

in The Clinical Neurobiology of the Hippocampus: An integrative view

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592388
eISBN:
9780199949922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592388.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

Neurodevelopmental disorders are a diverse group of behaviourally-relevant multifactorial disorders related to an impairment of growth, maturation, or development of the central nervous system. The ... More


We Sell Drugs: The Alchemy of US Empire

Suzanna Reiss

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520280779
eISBN:
9780520959026
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520280779.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This history of U.S.-led international drug control provides new perspective on the economic, ideological, and political foundations of a Cold War American empire. U.S. officials assumed the helm of ... More


Substance Misuse Psychiatry

Greg Lydall and Kelly Clarke

in Oxford Assess and Progress: Psychiatry

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199665662
eISBN:
9780191918322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199665662.003.0021
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Clinicians in all areas of medicine are likely to encounter people with substance misuse issues, so an understanding of the key issues is essen­tial. Human beings have ... More


Freud's medicine: from the ‘cocaine papers’ to ‘Irma's Injection’

Dave Boothroyd

in Culture on Drugs: Narco-cultural Studies of High Modernity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719055980
eISBN:
9781781700921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719055980.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter analyses Sigmund Freud's ‘cocaine papers’ and Irma's injection. It explains that, in Project for Scientific Psychology, Freud attempted to develop a conceptual framework in which it is ... More


The Ford Administration: The White Paper on Drug Abuse

David F. Musto and Pamela Korsmeyer

in The Quest for Drug Control: Politics and Federal Policy in a Period of Increasing Substance Abuse, 1963-1981

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300090369
eISBN:
9780300137842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300090369.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses Gerald Ford's role in quenching the drug use issue that still existed within the United States. It reviews the 1976 federal strategy report, which summarized the areas where ... More


Three Notes on the Opioid Crisis

Michael D. Stein and Sandro Galea

in Pained: Uncomfortable Conversations about the Public's Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780197510384
eISBN:
9780197510414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510384.003.0039
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter focuses on the opioid crisis. There has been substantial attention devoted—appropriately—to this issue. However, there are three areas that receive far less attention than they should. ... More


Prevalence of Substance Abuse

Joy G. Dryfoos

in Adolescents at Risk: Prevalence and Prevention

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195072686
eISBN:
9780197560259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195072686.003.0007
Subject:
Education, Care and Counseling of Students

Quantifying the number of young people who are high risk because of substance abuse is complicated by the ambiguity of existing definitions and the absence ... More


Schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders

Rebecca McKnight, Jonathan Price, and John Geddes

in Psychiatry

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198754008
eISBN:
9780191917011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198754008.003.0030
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Schizophrenia and related disorders are a group of conditions characterized by psychotic symptoms which lead to impairments in thinking, feelings, ... More


Anxiety and obsessional disorders

Rebecca McKnight, Jonathan Price, and John Geddes

in Psychiatry

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198754008
eISBN:
9780191917011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198754008.003.0032
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

In the community, the term ‘anxiety’ is frequently as­sociated with a stressful Western lifestyle and thought of as a modern phenomenon— but this is far ... More


Pablo Escobar and Colombian Narcoculture

Aldona Bialowas Pobutsky

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781683401513
eISBN:
9781683402183
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683401513.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

In the years since his death in 1993, Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar has become a globally recognized symbol of crime, wealth, power, and masculinity. In this long-overdue exploration of Escobar’s ... More


Transnational Illicit Markets and Criminality

Luis Roniger

in Transnational Politics in Central America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813036632
eISBN:
9780813038834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036632.003.0013
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

The transition to democracy and the relative liberalization of society, previously regulated by authoritarian controls, created a background that could easily be misused by economic interests related ... More


What is Psychosis?

Michael T Compton and Beth Broussard

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195372496
eISBN:
9780197562659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195372496.003.0009
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

We began the Preface with a list of questions that people experiencing psychosis and their family members often have. As we mentioned, an episode of ... More


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