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Drugs: Is the War Winnable?

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The federal government asserted a role in fighting narcotics abuse since the early 20th century, but it was not until the Richard Nixon administration starting in 1969 that a federal “war on drugs” ... More


Colombia: The Emergence of a New Producer

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195322996
eISBN:
9780199944194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter explores the emergence of Colombia as an opiate producer during the 1970s. It suggests that some of the factors that contributed to the development of the opiate industry in Colombia are ... More


Pharmacology of CTA

F. Bermúdez-Rattoni

in Conditioned Taste Aversion: Memory of a Special Kind

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523475
eISBN:
9780191712678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523475.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

While the CTA eliciting stimuli are restricted to the gustatory modality, the same substance can also be used as the US when it is ingested, and it influences the gastrointestinal system. Many drugs ... More


Progeny of the 1990s: Three New Explanations of Decline

Franklin E. Zimring

in The Great American Crime Decline

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181159
eISBN:
9780199944132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181159.003.0040
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter considers the three theorized causes of crime declines in increasing order of novelty—first police, then the rise and fall of crack cocaine, and finally the impact of increased access to ... More


Dictionaries of Drugs Slang

Coleman Julie

in A History of Cant and Slang Dictionaries: Volume IV: 1937-1984

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199567256
eISBN:
9780191595073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567256.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Lexicography

In part fed by developments in youth culture, drug-taking became another major cause for concern during this period, and glossaries were produced for the use of various professional groups dealing ... More


Team Chemistry: The History of Drugs and Alcohol in Major League Baseball

Nathan Michael Corzine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039799
eISBN:
9780252097898
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039799.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

In 2007, the Mitchell Report shocked traditionalists who were appalled that drugs had corrupted the “pure” game of baseball. This book rescues the story of baseball's relationship with drugs from the ... More


Psychoactive Agents and the Self

ROY J MATHEW

in The Lost Self: Pathologies of the Brain and Identity

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195173413
eISBN:
9780199865758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173413.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter examines alterations of the self that are due to an array of psychoactive drugs. It discusses the effects of mescaline, cocaine, and ecstasy on the self, and then relates the scientific ... More


The Genetics of Consumption, Part II: Substance Abuse: Substance Abuse

William R. Clark and Michael Grunstein

in Are We Hardwired?: The Role of Genes in Human Behavior

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178005
eISBN:
9780199893331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178005.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Substance abuse, like eating disorders, has a strong genetic component as shown by twin and adoption studies. There is also a strong correlation with depression and impulsivity, which have strong ... More


Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Alexander Prehn-Kristensen, Richard Cooke, Lioba Baving, and Cynthia Schumann

in The Clinical Neurobiology of the Hippocampus: An integrative view

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592388
eISBN:
9780199949922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592388.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

Neurodevelopmental disorders are a diverse group of behaviourally-relevant multifactorial disorders related to an impairment of growth, maturation, or development of the central nervous system. The ... More


We Sell Drugs: The Alchemy of US Empire

Suzanna Reiss

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520280779
eISBN:
9780520959026
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520280779.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This history of U.S.-led international drug control provides new perspective on the economic, ideological, and political foundations of a Cold War American empire. U.S. officials assumed the helm of ... More


Freud's medicine: from the ‘cocaine papers’ to ‘Irma's Injection’

Dave Boothroyd

in Culture on Drugs: Narco-cultural Studies of High Modernity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719055980
eISBN:
9781781700921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719055980.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter analyses Sigmund Freud's ‘cocaine papers’ and Irma's injection. It explains that, in Project for Scientific Psychology, Freud attempted to develop a conceptual framework in which it is ... More


The Ford Administration: The White Paper on Drug Abuse

David F. Musto and Pamela Korsmeyer

in The Quest for Drug Control: Politics and Federal Policy in a Period of Increasing Substance Abuse, 1963-1981

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300090369
eISBN:
9780300137842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300090369.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses Gerald Ford's role in quenching the drug use issue that still existed within the United States. It reviews the 1976 federal strategy report, which summarized the areas where ... More


Drug Trafficking

Simon Mackenzie

in New Horizons in Criminology: Trafficking and Global Criminal Markets

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781529203783
eISBN:
9781529203820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529203783.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter addresses drug trafficking in four sections: the nature and extent of the harm; the structure of drug trafficking (considered in terms of source, transit and market); regulation and ... More


Three Notes on the Opioid Crisis

Michael D. Stein and Sandro Galea

in Pained: Uncomfortable Conversations about the Public's Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780197510384
eISBN:
9780197510414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510384.003.0039
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter focuses on the opioid crisis. There has been substantial attention devoted—appropriately—to this issue. However, there are three areas that receive far less attention than they should. ... More


Pablo Escobar and Colombian Narcoculture

Aldona Bialowas Pobutsky

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781683401513
eISBN:
9781683402183
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683401513.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

In the years since his death in 1993, Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar has become a globally recognized symbol of crime, wealth, power, and masculinity. In this long-overdue exploration of Escobar’s ... More


Transnational Illicit Markets and Criminality

Luis Roniger

in Transnational Politics in Central America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813036632
eISBN:
9780813038834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036632.003.0013
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

The transition to democracy and the relative liberalization of society, previously regulated by authoritarian controls, created a background that could easily be misused by economic interests related ... More


Cocaine: A Simple Little Leaf with a Complicated History

Russell Crandall

in Drugs and Thugs: The History and Future of America's War on Drugs

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780300240344
eISBN:
9780300255874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300240344.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter describes cocaine as the second most consumed illicit drug in the United States, causing more than five hundred thousand emergency room visits annually. It covers informed estimates that ... More


Reagan’s War

Russell Crandall

in Drugs and Thugs: The History and Future of America's War on Drugs

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780300240344
eISBN:
9780300255874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300240344.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter discusses how the U.S. nation witnessed a second heroin epidemic in the second half of the 1970s that terrified politicians and tore open the social fabric of inner cities across ... More


Plan Colombia

Russell Crandall

in Drugs and Thugs: The History and Future of America's War on Drugs

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780300240344
eISBN:
9780300255874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300240344.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter begins with the American and Colombian anti-drug officials that celebrated Pablo Escobar's “decapitation,” as proof that the kingpin strategy was on its way to eradicating cocaine ... More


Our Man in Lima

Russell Crandall

in Drugs and Thugs: The History and Future of America's War on Drugs

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780300240344
eISBN:
9780300255874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300240344.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter notes a sizable cocaine seizure in Lima, Peru's capital, that was nestled in the arid hills next to the Pacific Ocean on May 11, 1996. It recounts how Peruvian authorities happened upon ... More


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