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Drugs: Is the War Winnable?

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The federal government asserted a role in fighting narcotics abuse since the early 20th century, but it was not until the Richard Nixon administration starting in 1969 that a federal “war on drugs” ... More


Progeny of the 1990s: Three New Explanations of Decline

Franklin E. Zimring

in The Great American Crime Decline

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181159
eISBN:
9780199944132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181159.003.0040
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter considers the three theorized causes of crime declines in increasing order of novelty—first police, then the rise and fall of crack cocaine, and finally the impact of increased access to ... More


Colombia: The Emergence of a New Producer

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195322996
eISBN:
9780199944194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter explores the emergence of Colombia as an opiate producer during the 1970s. It suggests that some of the factors that contributed to the development of the opiate industry in Colombia are ... More


Pharmacology of CTA

F. Bermúdez-Rattoni

in Conditioned Taste Aversion: Memory of a Special Kind

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523475
eISBN:
9780191712678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523475.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

While the CTA eliciting stimuli are restricted to the gustatory modality, the same substance can also be used as the US when it is ingested, and it influences the gastrointestinal system. Many drugs ... More


Dictionaries of Drugs Slang

Coleman Julie

in A History of Cant and Slang Dictionaries: Volume IV: 1937-1984

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199567256
eISBN:
9780191595073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567256.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Lexicography

In part fed by developments in youth culture, drug-taking became another major cause for concern during this period, and glossaries were produced for the use of various professional groups dealing ... More


Team Chemistry: The History of Drugs and Alcohol in Major League Baseball

Nathan Michael Corzine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039799
eISBN:
9780252097898
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039799.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

In 2007, the Mitchell Report shocked traditionalists who were appalled that drugs had corrupted the “pure” game of baseball. This book rescues the story of baseball's relationship with drugs from the ... More


Psychoactive Agents and the Self

ROY J MATHEW

in The Lost Self: Pathologies of the Brain and Identity

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195173413
eISBN:
9780199865758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173413.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter examines alterations of the self that are due to an array of psychoactive drugs. It discusses the effects of mescaline, cocaine, and ecstasy on the self, and then relates the scientific ... More


The Genetics of Consumption, Part II: Substance Abuse: Substance Abuse

William R. Clark and Michael Grunstein

in Are We Hardwired?: The Role of Genes in Human Behavior

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178005
eISBN:
9780199893331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178005.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Substance abuse, like eating disorders, has a strong genetic component as shown by twin and adoption studies. There is also a strong correlation with depression and impulsivity, which have strong ... More


Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Alexander Prehn-Kristensen, Richard Cooke, Lioba Baving, and Cynthia Schumann

in The Clinical Neurobiology of the Hippocampus: An integrative view

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592388
eISBN:
9780199949922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592388.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

Neurodevelopmental disorders are a diverse group of behaviourally-relevant multifactorial disorders related to an impairment of growth, maturation, or development of the central nervous system. The ... More


We Sell Drugs: The Alchemy of US Empire

Suzanna Reiss

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520280779
eISBN:
9780520959026
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520280779.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This history of U.S.-led international drug control provides new perspective on the economic, ideological, and political foundations of a Cold War American empire. U.S. officials assumed the helm of ... More


Freud's medicine: from the ‘cocaine papers’ to ‘Irma's Injection’

Dave Boothroyd

in Culture on Drugs: Narco-cultural Studies of High Modernity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719055980
eISBN:
9781781700921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719055980.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter analyses Sigmund Freud's ‘cocaine papers’ and Irma's injection. It explains that, in Project for Scientific Psychology, Freud attempted to develop a conceptual framework in which it is ... More


The Ford Administration: The White Paper on Drug Abuse

David F. Musto and Pamela Korsmeyer

in The Quest for Drug Control: Politics and Federal Policy in a Period of Increasing Substance Abuse, 1963-1981

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300090369
eISBN:
9780300137842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300090369.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses Gerald Ford's role in quenching the drug use issue that still existed within the United States. It reviews the 1976 federal strategy report, which summarized the areas where ... More


Transnational Illicit Markets and Criminality

Luis Roniger

in Transnational Politics in Central America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813036632
eISBN:
9780813038834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036632.003.0013
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

The transition to democracy and the relative liberalization of society, previously regulated by authoritarian controls, created a background that could easily be misused by economic interests related ... More


Crack, Rap, and the Punitive Turn

Dimitri A. Bogazianos

in 5 Grams: Crack Cocaine, Rap Music, and the War on Drugs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814787007
eISBN:
9780814725160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814787007.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines rap's unique expressive position in relation to the primary contradictions of crack cocaine's punishment structure as well as recent arguments condemning this structure, ... More


Mrs. John Ford

Andrew L. Erdman

in Queen of Vaudeville: The Story of Eva Tanguay

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449703
eISBN:
9780801465727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449703.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes Eva Tanguay's misery in her marriage with Johnny Ford—a clog-dancing vaudevillian from a theatrical family in Covington, Kentucky. Three days after the wedding, Eva was already ... More


“Go to Jail about This Spoonful”: Narcotic Determinism and Human Agency in “That Evening Sun” and “A Spoonful Blues”

Tim A. Ryan and Jay Watson

in Faulkner and the Black Literatures of the Americas

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781496806345
eISBN:
9781496806383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496806345.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

William Faulkner was a contemporary and neighbor of one of the leading Mississippi Delta blues singers before World War II, Charley Patton. The striking similarities between “That Evening Sun” (1931) ... More


Molecular Culprits

Markus Heilig

in The Thirteenth Step: Addiction in the Age of Brain Science

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231172363
eISBN:
9780231539029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172363.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses three categories of drugs that people become addicted to. The first of these, morphine-like substances, or “opioids,” are probably the psychoactive drugs whose use goes the ... More


5 Grams: Crack Cocaine, Rap Music, and the War on Drugs

Dimitri A. Bogazianos

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814787007
eISBN:
9780814725160
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814787007.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

In 2010, President Barack Obama signed a law repealing one of the most controversial policies in American criminal justice history: the 100-to-1 sentencing disparity between crack cocaine and powder ... More


The Racial Landscape of the Drug War

Miriam Boeri

in Hurt: Chronicles of the Drug War Generation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520293465
eISBN:
9780520966710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293465.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter provides insider accounts of how the War on Drugs impacted people of color. The racial disparities of the incarcerated population increased as working-class African American communities ... More


Life’s Trampoline: On Nullification and Cocaine Migration in Bissau

Henrik Vigh

in Affective Circuits: African Migrations to Europe and the Pursuit of Social Regeneration

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226405018
eISBN:
9780226405292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226405292.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

This chapter looks at the way young men from Bissau, the capital of Guinea-Bissau, become caught up in the transnational flow of cocaine from Africa to Europe. It illuminates the way these young men ... More


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