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The Variable Size of Events

Robert Truswell

in Events, Phrases, and Questions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199577774
eISBN:
9780191725319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577774.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter describes the structure of core events. Core events are discrete perceptual units carved out of the continuous flow of happenings in the real world. A core event consists of two optional ... More


Phase transitions and critical phenomena

Hidetoshi Nishimori and Gerardo Ortiz

in Elements of Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577224
eISBN:
9780191722943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577224.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

As an introduction to the physics of phase transitions and critical phenomena, this chapter explains a number of basic and fundamental ideas such as phases, phase transitions, phase diagrams, ... More


Percolation and universality

Joseph F. Boudreau and Eric S. Swanson

in Applied Computational Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198708636
eISBN:
9780191858598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198708636.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Percolation deals with global properties of random configurations of local objects. While simple to implement in models, understanding percolation requires skill in pattern recognition and analysis. ... More


Effective Complexity

Murray Gell-Mann and Seth Lloyd

in Nonextensive Entropy: Interdisciplinary Applications

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195159769
eISBN:
9780197562024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195159769.003.0028
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Atmospheric Sciences

It would take a great many different concepts—or quantities—to capture all of our notions of what is meant by complexity (or its opposite, simplicity). However, the notion that corresponds most ... More


Mesoscale methods

Michael P. Allen and Dominic J. Tildesley

in Computer Simulation of Liquids: Second Edition

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198803195
eISBN:
9780191841439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803195.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Coarse-graining is an increasingly commonplace approach to study, as economically as possible, large-scale, and long-time phenomena. This chapter covers the main methods. Brownian and Langevin ... More


Indeterminacy

Alastair Wilson

in The Nature of Contingency: Quantum Physics as Modal Realism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780198846215
eISBN:
9780191881374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198846215.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In Everettian quantum mechanics, the universal quantum state is fundamental, non-contingent, and wholly determinate. By contrast, the parallel worlds of diverging EQM, and the contingency constituted ... More


Scalability, Random Surfaces, and Synchronized Computing Networks

Zoltan Toroczkai and György Korniss

in Computational Complexity and Statistical Physics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195177374
eISBN:
9780197562260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195177374.003.0020
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

In most cases, it is impossible to describe and understand complex system dynamics via analytical methods. The density of problems that are rigorously solvable with analytic tools is vanishingly ... More


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