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Conclusions

Price V. Fishback

in Soft Coal, Hard Choices: The Economic Welfare of Bituminous Coal Miners, 1890-1930

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067255
eISBN:
9780199855025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067255.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Coal mining offered the opportunity to earn money quickly during booms, but it was a dirty, dangerous job often located in isolated little towns. To protect themselves against exploitation by ... More


The Humble Origins of Modern Japan's Machine Industry

Jun Suzuki

in The Role of Tradition in Japan's Industrialization: Another Path to Industrialization

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198292746
eISBN:
9780191603891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292740.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter discusses the importance of artisan workshops in the development of the machine manufacturing industry. Silk-reeling and coal mining, which played the significant role in Japan’s ... More


Rationalized Production:: Mechanization, Automation, Robotization

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Mechanization — a key trend of pre-WWI technical advances — intensified in all industrial sectors and reached new levels with automation and robotization after WWII. Major advances made in coal ... More


The Origins of the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community

Berthold Rittberger

in Building Europe's Parliament: Democratic Representation Beyond the Nation State

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199273423
eISBN:
9780191602764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273421.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The first of four empirical chapters sheds light on the decision of the six founding member states of the ECSC to create the Common Assembly of the ECSC, the forerunner of the European Parliament. ... More


The History of the British Coal Industry: Volume 1: Before 1700: Towards the Age of Coal

John Hatcher

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198282822
eISBN:
9780191684418
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198282822.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

Well before 1700, Britain had become heavily dependent upon coal for its fuel, and coalmining had taken its place among the nation's staple industries. This book traces the production and trade of ... More


Cartelism and Market Control: The United States in Comparison

Peter A. Swenson

in Capitalists against Markets: The Making of Labor Markets and Welfare States in the United States and Sweden

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195142976
eISBN:
9780199872190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195142977.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter returns to the analysis of twentieth century U.S. to explain the dual nature of its system of labor market governance in which cartelism, a centralized system of multiemployer collective ... More


 Theodore Roosevelt and the Bully Pulpit

Gary Scott Smith

in Faith and the Presidency: From George Washington to George W. Bush

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195300604
eISBN:
9780199785285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300604.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

To many, Theodore Roosevelt was an exemplar of manliness and “muscular Christianity” and an exceptional public servant who led a crusade for social justice. To others, the sage of Oyster Bay was a ... More


From Community to Diverse Union

Giandomenico Majone

in Dilemmas of European Integration: The Ambiguities and Pitfalls of Integration by Stealth

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199274307
eISBN:
9780191603310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274304.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Since the Treaty on European Union, it has become clear that the process of European integration moves along several paths, of which the Community path is the best known, but not necessarily the most ... More


Power Lines: Phoenix and the Making of the Modern Southwest

Andrew Needham

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139067
eISBN:
9781400852406
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139067.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In 1940, Phoenix was a small, agricultural city of 65,000, and the Navajo Reservation was an open landscape of scattered sheepherders. Forty years later, Phoenix had blossomed into a metropolis of ... More


“Good Bye, Big Sky”: Coal and Postwar America

Andrew Needham

in Power Lines: Phoenix and the Making of the Modern Southwest

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139067
eISBN:
9781400852406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139067.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This concluding chapter presents a reading of “Good Bye, Big Sky” and “The Giant Revived,” two articles on coal's rise as the fuel of postwar America and the cost of that transition. “The Giant ... More


An Archaeology of Structural Violence: Life in a Twentieth-Century Coal Town

Michael P. Roller

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780813056081
eISBN:
9780813053875
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056081.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Using evidence of historical changes in landscape, community life, and material culture from a coal mining company town in the Anthracite Coal Region of Northeast Pennsylvania, Michael Roller ... More


The Miners’ Choices: Voice or Exit

Price V. Fishback

in Soft Coal, Hard Choices: The Economic Welfare of Bituminous Coal Miners, 1890-1930

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067255
eISBN:
9780199855025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067255.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Coal miners had two means of improving their conditions: voice and exit. They could band either together in labor unions and raise their collective voices, using strikes to focus attention on their ... More


Dig Sixteen Tons and What Did You Get? Earnings

Price V. Fishback

in Soft Coal, Hard Choices: The Economic Welfare of Bituminous Coal Miners, 1890-1930

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067255
eISBN:
9780199855025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067255.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Coal miners generally earned substantially more per hour than manufacturing workers, but their annual earnings were similar or slightly lower. On the plus side, coal miners had more workplace ... More


Determining the Self

James Robert Allison

in Sovereignty For Survival: American Energy Development and Indian Self-Determination

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300206692
eISBN:
9780300216219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300206692.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

Following the Northern Cheyenne revolt, this chapter moves to the adjacent Crow Reservation to detail similar efforts to resist non-Indian mining there. The bulk of the chapter, however, is dedicated ... More


England's Peru: The Industrial Development of Whickham

David Levine and Keith Wrightson

in The Making of an Industrial Society: Whickham 1560-1765

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198200666
eISBN:
9780191674761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198200666.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Historians of the coal industry recognize the importance of Whickham in its development, and this chapter elaborates and extends that generalized appreciation by providing a more sharply focused ... More


Soft Coal, Hard Choices: The Economic Welfare of Bituminous Coal Miners, 1890-1930

Price V. Fishback

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067255
eISBN:
9780199855025
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067255.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This is a study of the economic lives of American bituminous coal miners in the early part of this century. Most studies of labor in coal mining focus on the struggle to organize unions. This study ... More


Summary and Implications For the Future

Malanima Paolo, Astrid Kander, and Paul Warde

in Power to the People: Energy in Europe over the Last Five Centuries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143620
eISBN:
9781400848881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143620.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter summarizes the book's main findings and their implications for the future, reflecting in particular on the limits of growth, peak oil, technology, and prospects for a return to the ... More


Constraints and Dynamics

Malanima Paolo, Astrid Kander, and Paul Warde

in Power to the People: Energy in Europe over the Last Five Centuries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143620
eISBN:
9781400848881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143620.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the dynamics of the early modern European economy in order to highlight both the possibilities for development and the constraints of the old European world. It first considers ... More


A Modern Energy Regime

Malanima Paolo, Astrid Kander, and Paul Warde

in Power to the People: Energy in Europe over the Last Five Centuries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143620
eISBN:
9781400848881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143620.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the emergence of a modern energy regime in Europe. It begins with a discussion of the increase in energy consumption and how a combination of coal, engine, and iron coalesced to ... More


The Coal Development Block

Malanima Paolo, Astrid Kander, and Paul Warde

in Power to the People: Energy in Europe over the Last Five Centuries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143620
eISBN:
9781400848881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143620.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter focuses on coal development blocks. From an energy point of view, the key aspects of the first industrial revolution were coal, steam, and iron. The development block was built around ... More


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