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Scepticism and Reliable Belief

José L. Zalabardo

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656073
eISBN:
9780191742132
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656073.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Reliabilist accounts of knowledge are widely seen as having the resources for blocking sceptical arguments, since these arguments appear to rely on assumptions about the nature of knowledge that are ... More


Essays on Skepticism

Anthony Brueckner

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a collection of important work on the problem of scepticism, by someone who has provided perhaps the leading contemporary investigation of this problem. The guiding questions of this ... More


Unfair to Nozick

Anthony Brueckner

in Essays on Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.003.0028
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter defends Nozick from the charge that his position on scepticism begs the question of whether one is in a normal world.


The Elusive Virtues of Contextualism

Anthony Brueckner

in Essays on Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.003.0032
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents the contextualist analysis of the sceptical argument. It argues that the contextualist ‘good news’ about the availability of ordinary-context ‘knowledge’ cannot be stated given ... More


Tracking Truth: Knowledge, Evidence, and Science

Sherrilyn Roush

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199274734
eISBN:
9780191603228
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274738.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book develops and defends a new externalist, reliabilist theory of knowledge and evidence, and develops a new view about scientific realism. Knowledge is viewed as a tracking theory that has a ... More


From Public Assistance to Social Protection: Welfare State-building in European Nations

Maurizio Ferrara

in The Boundaries of Welfare: European Integration and the New Spatial Politics of Social Protection

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199284665
eISBN:
9780191603273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284660.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter traces the historical origins and early developments of European welfare states up to the Second World War in terms of external and internal boundary building. It highlights the role of ... More


A Theory of Exit Options, Boundary Building, and Political Structuring

Stefano Bartolini

in Restructuring Europe: Centre Formation, System Building, and Political Structuring between the Nation State and the European Union

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286430
eISBN:
9780191603242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286434.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This first chapter sketches the elements of a theory of voice structuring under different conditions of territorial confinement of actors and resources. Using Hirschman and Rokkan’s work, the chapter ... More


Rules for the Knowledge Operator

Jonathan L. Kvanvig

in The Knowability Paradox

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282593
eISBN:
9780191603587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282595.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter examines the idea that the logical principles governing the knowledge operator are the root cause of the paradox. There are two such principles: the first is that knowledge implies ... More


Truth, Justice, Memory, and Democratization in the Southern Cone

Alexandra Barahona de Brito

in The Politics of Memory and Democratization

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240906
eISBN:
9780191598869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240906.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines how Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Chile fared with truth and justice policies after the transition from authoritarian rule, looking at the issue from an institutional and ... More


Merchants' Daughters: Women, Commerce, and Regional Culture in South China

Helen F. Siu

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099692
eISBN:
9789882207189
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099692.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

Historians and anthropologists have long been interested in South China where powerful lineages and gendered hierarchies are juxtaposed with unorthodox trading cultures, multi-ethnic colonial ... More


Contextualism

Jason Stanley

in Knowledge and Practical Interests

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288038
eISBN:
9780191603679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288038.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter introduces the thesis of contextualism about knowledge attributions, which is the view that the proposition expressed by a sentence such as ‘John knows that the bank is open at 2 p.m. ... More


Interest‐Relative Invariantism

Jason Stanley

in Knowledge and Practical Interests

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288038
eISBN:
9780191603679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288038.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains and develops a version of Interest-Relative Invariantism about knowledge, according to which whether or not someone knows that p at a certain time depends in part on what is at ... More


Relevant Alternatives and Closure

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the closure principle and the problem it poses for the relevant alternatives account of perceptual knowledge. It then turns to a new position known as ... More


Three Epistemic Principles: Discrimination, Evidential Transmission, and Favouring

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter suggests that if we wish to retain the closure principle, then there is a burden upon us to explain what this knowledge of the entailed proposition is in virtue of, and that means that ... More


Two False Dichotomies: Foundationalism/Coherentism and Internalism/Externalism

Ernest Sosa

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay lays out the rationale for two principles — ascent and closure — and shows how they imply further principles of exclusion and of the criterion. These principles lead to the “Pyrrhonian ... More


Knowledge-Closure and Skepticism

Marian David and Ted A. Warfield

in Epistemology: New Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199264933
eISBN:
9780191718472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264933.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins with some preliminary remarks about epistemic closure principles, knowledge-closure principles in particular, and the role of knowledge-closure principles in sceptical ... More


In Defence of Scientism

James Ladyman, Don Ross, David Spurrett, and John Collier

in Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276196
eISBN:
9780191706127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276196.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter defends a radically naturalistic metaphysics, which is motivated exclusively by attempts to unify hypotheses and theories that are taken seriously by contemporary science. For reasons to ... More


Ontic Structural Realism and the Philosophy of Physics

James Ladyman, Don Ross, David Spurrett, and John Collier

in Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276196
eISBN:
9780191706127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276196.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines Ontic Structural Realism (OSR) and its relationship with the philosophy of physics. OSR is the view that the world has an objective modal structure that is ontologically ... More


Rainforest Realism and the Unity of Science

James Ladyman, Don Ross, David Spurrett, and John Collier

in Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276196
eISBN:
9780191706127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276196.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter consolidates the constraints on metaphysics as a unification of science by requiring that a metaphysical hypothesis respect the constraint of the principle of naturalistic closure (PNC). ... More


Causation in a Structural World

James Ladyman, Don Ross, David Spurrett, and John Collier

in Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276196
eISBN:
9780191706127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276196.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that the idea of causation has similar status to ideas of cohesion, forces, and things. Appreciating the role of causation in a notional world is crucial to understanding the ... More


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