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Category Theory

Steve Awodey

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568612
eISBN:
9780191717567
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568612.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Algebra

This book is a text and reference book on Category Theory, a branch of abstract algebra. The book contains clear definitions of the essential concepts, which are illuminated with numerous accessible ... More


Trade and Labor Conditions

Robert J. Flanagan

in Globalization and Labor Conditions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306002
eISBN:
9780199783564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306007.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter examines the effect of international trade on labor conditions around the world. Evidence developed in the chapter shows that open trade policies improve working conditions by raising ... More


Israel: The Politics of an Extreme Electoral System

Gideon Rahat and Reuven Y. Hazan

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Israel had a closed list PR system that was so proportional that it resulted in a large multi-party system with a very fragmented parliament. One result is that for decades, Israel experienced ... More


South Africa: One Party Dominance Despite Perfect Proportionality

Amanda Gouws and Paul Mitchell

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Democratic elections in South Africa have been held using a closed-list PR system since 1994. Despite significant debate on whether the system should be reformed, the 1994 system has been retained. ... More


Spain: Proportional Representation with Majoritarian Outcomes

Jonathan Hopkin

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Spain has a PR system that has not been particularly proportional. The main reason is that its 50 historic provinces (dating from 1833) were chosen as the electoral districts, and these provinces ... More


Summing-Up

M. L. Gasparov

in A History of European Versification

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198158790
eISBN:
9780191673368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198158790.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, European Literature

The first chapter talked about the national versification systems in Europe as they exist in a close inter-relationship. The next chapter focused on the development of one or another verse form in ... More


All the Time in the Worlds: Gödel's Modal Moral

Craig Bourne

in A Future for Presentism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199212804
eISBN:
9780191707094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212804.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I discuss Gödel's philosophical position on the nature of time. I describe Gödel's model, which contains closed time‐like curves allowing us to take a journey into our future and arrive in our past, ... More


Democracy Beyond ‘Closed’ Societies

Terry MacDonald

in Global Stakeholder Democracy: Power and Representation Beyond Liberal States

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199235001
eISBN:
9780191715822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235001.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter begins the task of delineating legitimate global institutional boundaries by arguing that we need to abandon the assumption, entrenched within traditional liberal democratic theory, that ... More


From Nation‐States to ‘Stakeholder’ Communities

Terry MacDonald

in Global Stakeholder Democracy: Power and Representation Beyond Liberal States

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199235001
eISBN:
9780191715822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235001.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter elaborates and illustrates the theoretical account — sketched initially in Chapter One — of how the agents of democratic control should be identified in global politics. It develops the ... More


Party Systems and Structures of Competition

Peter Mair

in Party System Change: Approaches and Interpretations

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295495
eISBN:
9780191599804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295499.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the third of three chapters on political party systems and structures of competition, and presents an overall review. In the first section, Approaches to the Classification of Party Systems: ... More


The Council Meets

Sydney D. Bailey and Sam Daws

in The Procedure of the UN Security Council

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280736
eISBN:
9780191598746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280734.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Provides an account of the different types of meetings and consultations that take place at the UN Security Council, and gives details of their characteristics. Interpretation and translation, ... More


Portugal: Changing Patterns of Delegation and Accountability under the President's Watchful Eye s

Octavio Amorim Neto

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Portugal’s blend of semi-presidentialism with multipartism has created a regime capable of generating a wide variety of governing solutions. This flexibility has helped consolidate one of Western ... More


Epilogue

Suzanne Vromen

in Hidden Children of the Holocaust

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195181289
eISBN:
9780199870752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181289.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The organization of the Committee for the Defense of Jews was a remarkable ecumenical achievement transcending religious and political differences and overcoming xenophobia in a country where 94 ... More


Introduction: Solving the Story's Mystery of David—and God, and Saul

Paul Borgman

in David, Saul, and God: Rediscovering an Ancient Story

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331608
eISBN:
9780199868001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331608.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

“Who is David?” asks a wealthy and churlish land‐owner, Nabal, in a belittling manner (I Samuel, 25:2). “Whose son is this man?” asks Israel's first king, Saul, as David goes out to fight Goliath—in ... More


The Epoch of the Secular City

Harvey Cox

in The Secular City: Secularization and Urbanization in Theological Perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158853
eISBN:
9781400848850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158853.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This introductory chapter provides a background of secularization, an epochal movement that marks a change in the way men grasp and understand their life together. Secularization is the loosening of ... More


DEPTH-BOUNDED SEARCH TREES

Rolf Niedermeier

in Invitation to Fixed-Parameter Algorithms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566076
eISBN:
9780191713910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566076.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter presents the second very basic design technique for fixed-parameter algorithms: depth-bounded search trees. It starts with simple observations and some basic definitions and facts, ... More


EXPONENTIALS

Steve Awodey

in Category Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568612
eISBN:
9780191717567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568612.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Algebra

This chapter focuses on another elementary universal structure, which is also an example of a universal that is not a limit. This important structure is called an ‘exponential’ and it can be thought ... More


ADJOINTS

Steve Awodey

in Category Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568612
eISBN:
9780191717567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568612.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Algebra

This chapter focuses on notion of adjoint functor, which applies everything that has been learned so far to unify and subsume all the different universal mapping properties encountered, from free ... More


Semantic Closure and the Philosophy of Language

Graham Priest

in In Contradiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199263301
eISBN:
9780191718823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263301.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter shows how to construct a semantically closed theory, that is a theory which contains the T-schema for all the sentences of its own language. The connection with the theory of meaning is ... More


Autocommentary on the First Edition

Graham Priest

in In Contradiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199263301
eISBN:
9780191718823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263301.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter charts some of the developments that have taken place since the first edition of this book was published, including areas where the author's views have been revised. It does this by ... More


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