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Ineffability through Modularity: Gaps in the French Clitic Cluster*

Milan Rezac

in Defective Paradigms: Missing Forms and What They Tell Us

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264607
eISBN:
9780191734366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264607.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter discusses the gaps in some of the combinations of the preverbal clitics in French. These gaps present a powerful tool for evaluating the foundational hypothesis governing the ... More


The Phonological Level

Kees Hengeveld and J. Lachlan Mackenzie

in Functional Discourse Grammar: A Typologically-Based Theory of Language Structure

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199278107
eISBN:
9780191707797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278107.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter is concerned with the contribution of phonological distinctions to encoding the Interpersonal and Representational Levels. Utterances are composed of layers of structure, right down to ... More


Genitive case in Middle English

Cynthia L. Allen

in Genitives in Early English: Typology and Evidence

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199216680
eISBN:
9780191711893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216680.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, English Language

By the end of the Middle English period, the -s genitive in Middle English had changed its character. This chapter documents the evidence for the nature of this possessive marker in Early and Late ... More


Pronouns and Their Antecedents

Richard S. Kayne

in Movement and Silence

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179163
eISBN:
9780199788330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179163.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter argues that the antecedent-pronoun relation must involve a movement relation, in a way partially similar to that stated in a recent work by John O'Neil and Norbert Hornstein. Taking this ... More


Introduction

Stephen R. Anderson

in Aspects of the Theory of Clitics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199279906
eISBN:
9780191707131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279906.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of the concept of clitics. The aim of the book is then set out, which is to explore both of these senses of clitic, their interrelations, and ... More


Theories of Special Clitics

Stephen R. Anderson

in Aspects of the Theory of Clitics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199279906
eISBN:
9780191707131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279906.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Among the various types of special clitics, by far the most interesting (in the sense of probative) are those that occur in second position within the domain to which they are relevant. This chapter ... More


HYPERBATON

A. M. Devine and Laurence D. Stephens

in Latin Word Order: Structured Meaning and Information

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195181685
eISBN:
9780199789146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181685.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter analyzes the syntax, semantics, and pragmatics of various types of phrasal discontinuity: genitive hyperbaton, pre- and postmodifier hyperbaton, hyperbaton with noun, adjective and ... More


Degrammaticalization

Muriel Norde

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207923
eISBN:
9780191709135
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207923.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This is a book about degrammaticalization, a rare type of linguistic change whereby grams become ‘less grammatical’, typical examples being shifts from affix to clitic, or from function word to ... More


Moving objects

Luis López

in A Derivational Syntax for Information Structure

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557400
eISBN:
9780191721229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557400.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter argues that there are three positions relevant for the interpretation of objects. Objects in Spec,v are interpreted as [+a]. Objects in Spec,V (or the higher spec position within the ... More


Dislocation debates

Luis López

in A Derivational Syntax for Information Structure

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557400
eISBN:
9780191721229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557400.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter argues that clitic left dislocation and clitic right dislocation are the outcome of a movement rule while hanging topics are initially merged outside the clause proper. The trigger of ... More


Deinflectionalization

Muriel Norde

in Degrammaticalization

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207923
eISBN:
9780191709135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207923.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter deals with the second type of degrammaticalization, involving bound morphemes. Deinflectionalization is defined as ‘a composite change whereby an inflectional affix in a specific ... More


Subject Clitics

Christina Tortora

in A Comparative Grammar of Borgomanerese

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199945627
eISBN:
9780199369829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945627.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter discusses the morpho-syntax of Borgomanerese subject clitics, which contribute new material to the rich body of facts already known about subject clitic systems. The chapter shows that ... More


Concepts, Syntax, and Their Interface: The Theta System

Tanya Reinhart

Martin Everaert and Marijana Marelj (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034135
eISBN:
9780262333177
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034135.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

The present book introduces one of Tanya Reinhart's major contributions to linguistic theory, namely the Theta System, a theory of the interface between the system of concepts and the linguistic ... More


Syntax and its Interfaces: The Case of Romance Auxiliary Verbs

Paola Monachesi

in The Verbal Complex in Romance: A Case Study in Grammatical Interfaces

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199274758
eISBN:
9780191705908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274758.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter discusses the interface between syntax and argument structure. It considers a case study of a particular kind of complex predicate, that is, Romance auxiliaries. It focuses on Romanian ... More


Verb Movement and Clitics: Variation and Change in Portuguese

ACRISIO PIRES

in Grammaticalization and Parametric Variation

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199272129
eISBN:
9780191709821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272129.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter attempts to explain certain robust aspects of (diachronic) syntactic variation in Portuguese, focusing specifically on Brazilian Portuguese (BP), especially regarding verb movement and ... More


Changes in Clausal Organization and the Position of Clitics in Old French

MARIE LABELLE and PAUL HIRSCHBÜHLER

in Grammaticalization and Parametric Variation

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199272129
eISBN:
9780191709821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272129.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

From the perspective of language change, grammaticalization is generally viewed as the process whereby ‘a lexical item or construction in certain uses takes on grammatical characteristics’. Roberts ... More


Clitic Placement, VP-Ellipsis, and Scrambling in Romance

ANA MARIA MARTINS

in Grammaticalization and Parametric Variation

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199272129
eISBN:
9780191709821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272129.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter accounts for variation and change with respect to clitic placement, VP-ellipsis, and scrambling in non-V1 finite clauses in Romance. The chapter is organized in five sections. Section ... More


The Noun Phrase

JAN TERJE FAARLUND

in The Syntax of Old Norse: With a survey of the inflectional morphology and a complete bibliography

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199235599
eISBN:
9780191709401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235599.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter presents the structure of the noun phrase. As in the contemporary daughter languages, there is both a preposed and an enclitic definite article in Old Norse. The internal word order of ... More


A Comparative Grammar of Borgomanerese

Christina Tortora

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199945627
eISBN:
9780199369829
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945627.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This book presents and analyzes various features of the morpho-syntax of Borgomanerese, a Gallo-Italic dialect spoken in the town of Borgomanero, in the Piedmont region of Northern Italy. The study ... More


From Modal Particle to Interrogative Marker: A Study of German denn

Josef Bayer

in Functional Heads: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 7

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199746736
eISBN:
9780199949519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746736.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The German particle den is the result of a diachronic development from a local/temporal adverb to a modal particle that is confined to interrogative root clauses. This chapter introduces the semantic ... More


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