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Random Geometric Graphs

Mathew Penrose

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198506263
eISBN:
9780191707858
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506263.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This book sets out a body of rigorous mathematical theory for finite graphs with nodes placed randomly in Euclidean d-space according to a common probability density, and edges added to connect ... More


Cliques, Coalitions, Comrades and Colleagues: Sources of Cohesion in Groups

Holly Arrow

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Cohesion may be based primarily on interpersonal ties or rely instead on the connection between member and group, while groups may cohere temporarily based on the immediate alignment of interests ... More


MAXIMUM DEGREE, CLIQUES, AND COLOURINGS

Mathew Penrose

in Random Geometric Graphs

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198506263
eISBN:
9780191707858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506263.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter is concerned with maximum degree, clique number, and chromatic number. A focusing (i.e., two-point concentration) phenomenon is demonstrated for the distribution of the maximum degree in ... More


Groups

Thomas W. Valente

in Social Networks and Health: Models, Methods, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195301014
eISBN:
9780199777051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301014.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter describes how network analysts define and measure groups. Components are the building blocks of group definitions and consist of all the nodes connected to each other through any number ... More


Motifs, cliques, communities

Sergey N. Dorogovtsev

in Lectures on Complex Networks

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199548927
eISBN:
9780191720574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548927.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses subgraphs in complex networks. First, it considers ‘building blocks’ of networks-motifs subgraphs that are present in many copies in a network. It focuses on the statistics of ... More


Differences at Bolton: Race, Class, and More

Sarah A. Chase

in Perfectly Prep: Gender Extremes at a New England Prep School

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195308815
eISBN:
9780199894154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308815.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

This chapter explores the dynamics between the ideal of equality and the reality of significant inequality in the prep school setting. These differences are explored with regard to race, class, ... More


The Training Camps

Frederic Wakeman

in Spymaster: Dai Li and the Chinese Secret Service

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520234079
eISBN:
9780520928763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234079.003.0018
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the training camps set up by Dai Li to prepare for the attack of the Japanese armies. It explains that when Dai Li was recalled to Nanjing after the fall of Shanghai, he ... More


Hindu-Muslim Entente

B. R. Nanda

in Gandhi: Pan-Islamism, Imperialism and Nationalism in India

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195658279
eISBN:
9780199081394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195658279.003.0006
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter discusses the Hindu–Muslim entente and the Lucknow Pact. It looks at the factors that affected the achievement of this entente. It then examines the Bombay session of the All-India ... More


The Blue Shirts’ “Fascism”

Frederic Wakeman

in Spymaster: Dai Li and the Chinese Secret Service

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520234079
eISBN:
9780520928763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234079.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the fascist principle of the Blue Shirts Society (BSS) in China. It explains that despite the denial of the Goumindang about the existence of BSS, several police reports ... More


Ideological Rivalries: The Blue Shirts and the “CC” Clique

Frederic Wakeman

in Spymaster: Dai Li and the Chinese Secret Service

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520234079
eISBN:
9780520928763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234079.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines ideological rivalries between the Blue Shirts Society and Chiang Kai-shek's CC clique. It explains that by competing with the CC clique for control over the new instruments of ... More


Four Teens

Tim Clydesdale

in The First Year Out: Understanding American Teens after High School

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226110653
eISBN:
9780226110677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226110677.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter introduces four teens included in this study. They were chosen because their stories are interesting in their own right and because their stories allow the book to introduce important ... More


Fragments (subgraphs) in complex networks

Ernesto Estrada

in The Structure of Complex Networks: Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199591756
eISBN:
9780191774959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591756.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter describes techniques for analysing subgraphs in complex networks. It covers the study of network graphlets, motifs, and the use of closed walks to analyse the subgraph structure of a ... More


Creativity and the Self-Made Worldview

Liane Gabora

in Secrets of Creativity: What Neuroscience, the Arts, and Our Minds Reveal

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190462321
eISBN:
9780190462345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190462321.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Creativity is usefully viewed from the perspective of personal “worldviews.” which describe the mind as experienced subjectively, from the inside. The worldview of an uncreative person reflects what ... More


Implementing Gaussian elimination with symbolic factorize

I. S. Duff, A. M. Erisman, and J. K. Reid

in Direct Methods for Sparse Matrices

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198508380
eISBN:
9780191746420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508380.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

We discuss implementation techniques for sparse Gaussian elimination, based on analysis of the sparsity pattern without regard to numerical values. This includes a discussion of data structures for ... More


Statistical estimation: from denoising to sparse regression and hidden cliques

Andrea Montanari

in Statistical Physics, Optimization, Inference, and Message-Passing Algorithms: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches School of Physics: Special Issue, October 2013

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198743736
eISBN:
9780191803802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198743736.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter provides a gentle introduction to some modern topics in high-dimensional statistics, statistical learning, and signal processing for an audience who may not have any previous background ... More


Measures and metrics

Mark Newman

in Networks

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198805090
eISBN:
9780191843235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805090.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter describes the measures and metrics that are used to quantify network structure. The chapter starts with a discussion of centrality measures, which are used to identify central or ... More


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