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All in the Brain?

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter focuses on the question of diagnosis of psychiatric disorders and examines the relationship between neuroscience and psychiatry from this perspective. Despite the penetrating gaze of ... More


The Doctor and the Patient

Eric J. Cassell

in The Nature of Suffering and the Goals of Medicine

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195156164
eISBN:
9780199999880
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156164.003.0009
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine and Older People

This chapter discusses areas of medicine such as ethics to see how they would fare if medicine's primary focus was on something other than the disease itself. It begins by examining the problems that ... More


A Rules-Analysis, following Foucault, of the Birth of Clinical Medicine  

David Braybrooke, Bryson Brown, Peter K. Schotch, and Laura Byrne

in Logic on the Track of Social Change

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235309
eISBN:
9780191679056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235309.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Political Philosophy

The preceding chapters showed how our logic can identify more precisely the rules prevailing in the status quo ante and the rules supplanting them in the status quo post. It was also shown how the ... More


The system world: developments in service provision

Neil Small, Katherine Froggatt, and Murna Downs

in Living and Dying with Dementia: Dialogues about palliative care

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198566878
eISBN:
9780191730511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566878.003.0003
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter discusses the way in which the system world attempts to meet people's needs when living and dying with dementia. It looks at a number of models of service provision that have been ... More


Setting the scene (largely from the UK point of view)

John Pemberton

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins recollections of how epidemiology was perceived in the 1930s. It then discusses the concept of social medicine in relation to clinical medicine, politics, and war as well as the ... More


Precincts of Care in CAM Research

Colleen Derkatch

in Bounding Biomedicine: Evidence and Rhetoric in the New Science of Alternative Medicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226345840
eISBN:
9780226345987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226345987.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Central to the question of methodology in research on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is the practitioner-patient relationship, the most unambiguously rhetorical element of clinical ... More


Conclusion

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0014
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The Conclusion emphasizes the importance of Britain's tropical colonies in the reform of British medicine. Although colonial practitioners portrayed themselves and their practices as distinct from ... More


Medicinal Products

Christopher Hodges

in European Regulation of Consumer Product Safety

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199282555
eISBN:
9780191700217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282555.003.0004
Subject:
Law, EU Law

The Community's regulatory system for medicinal products comprises ‘a very substantial body of Community legislation and case law’. It has been amended regularly since the first Directive was ... More


Empiricism in the Library: Medicine’s Case Histories

J. Andrew Mendelsohn

in Science in the Archives: Pasts, Presents, Futures

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226432229
eISBN:
9780226432533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226432533.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter is about medicine’s published cases - not so much how they are written as how they are used. Medicine is shown to exemplify an often-distant relationship – temporal, spatial, cognitive – ... More


Characteristics of Infectious Disease That Raise Distinctive Challenges for Bioethics

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines the characteristics of infectious disease that raise special medical and social ethical issues, and explores ways of integrating both current bioethics and classical public ... More


Vis medicatrix, or the Fragmentation of Medical Humanism

Stefanos Geroulanos and Todd Meyers

in The Human Body in the Age of Catastrophe: Brittleness, Integration, Science, and the Great War

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226556451
eISBN:
9780226556628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226556628.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

Chapter 9 opens with the triumph of this generation of medical intellectuals in setting some of the key terms and promises of integrationist medicine, then follows a complicated line of thinking that ... More


Placebo-controlled trials in psychiatric research: An ethical perspective

Frankling G. Miller

in The Ethical Challenges of Human Research: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199896202
eISBN:
9780190267681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199896202.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores the ethics of using placebos in clinical trials. It first considers why placebo-controlled trials are problematic before staking a middle-ground position on the debate over the ... More


What makes placebo-controlled trials unethical?

Howard Brody

in The Ethical Challenges of Human Research: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199896202
eISBN:
9780190267681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199896202.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the debate over the ethics of placebo-controlled trials. The ethical reasoning underlying a prohibition of placebo controls in randomized controlled trials when proven effective ... More


. First, Do No Harm

Michael Brian Schiffer

in Draw the Lightning Down: Benjamin Franklin and Electrical Technology in the Age of Enlightenment

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520238022
eISBN:
9780520939851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520238022.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter illustrates that electrotherapists treated patients with electrical devices in clinical medicine. It specifically considers medical electricity in relation to other medical therapies ... More


Diffusing responsibility

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1990 commentary on how clinical medicine has been transformed by group actors. It cites as an example the creation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation teams. It then comments on ... More


The therapeutic orientation to clinical trials

Donald L. Rosenstein

in The Ethical Challenges of Human Research: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199896202
eISBN:
9780190267681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199896202.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on the ethics of therapeutic orientation to clinical trials. Clinical trials have traditionally been understood as continuous with clinical medicine. In providing medical care ... More


Sham surgery: An ethical analysis

Frankling G. Miller

in The Ethical Challenges of Human Research: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199896202
eISBN:
9780190267681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199896202.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the ethics of sham surgery by focusing on a published report of a sham-controlled trial of arthroscopic surgery for osteoarthritis of the knee. From a methodological ... More


Systems and lives

Alan Cribb

in Healthcare in Transition: Understanding Key Ideas and Tensions in Contemporary Health Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781447323211
eISBN:
9781447323235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447323211.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter explores some of the things that are entailed by calls for anti-reductionism or ‘holism’ in health policy. In particular, it considers what is sometimes called the ‘social context’ of ... More


Equal Access to Health Care Under the UN Disability Rights Convention

Michael Ashley Stein, Janet E. Lord, and Dorothy Weiss Tolchin

in Medicine and Social Justice: Essays on the Distribution of Health Care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199744206
eISBN:
9780190267551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199744206.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the issue of access to health care from a global perspective by focusing on the mandates of the 2006 United Nations Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities (CRPD). ... More


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