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The Clinical Method

ERIC J. CASSELL

in Doctoring: The Nature of Primary Care Medicine

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195113235
eISBN:
9780199999828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195113235.003.0005
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

The clinical method is the means by which physicians discover facts about the sick or well patient and enter them into the diagnostic and therapeutic process in equal partnership with information ... More


What Should Be Taught?

ERIC J. CASSELL

in Doctoring: The Nature of Primary Care Medicine

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195113235
eISBN:
9780199999828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195113235.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

What primary care doctors require as part of their mandatory training are additional kinds of knowledge and skills. They must be taught the behavior of sick and well persons, advanced communication ... More


The Current State of the Science and the Law

Christopher Slobogin

in Proving the Unprovable: The Role of Law, Science, and Speculation in Adjudicating Culpability and Dangerousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195189957
eISBN:
9780199893980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189957.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter begins by describing the current state of prediction science, which is improving but is still almost as likely to produce inaccurate judgments as accurate ones. It also makes the crucial ... More


Clinical Guidelines and Clinical Judgment

Charles F. Manski

in Patient Care under Uncertainty

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691194738
eISBN:
9780691195360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691194738.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter reviews the continuing discourse in medicine regarding the circumstances in which clinicians should adhere to evidence-based practice guidelines or exercise their own judgment, sometimes ... More


When Simple Is Hard to Accept

Robin M. Hogarth

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter addresses implications of the application of simple heuristics. In general, people find it hard to accept that simple decision rules can be used to resolve seemingly complex problems. As ... More


Introduction to Evidence-Based Group Work

Mark J. Macgowan

in A Guide to Evidence-Based Group Work

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195183450
eISBN:
9780199864935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183450.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter introduces evidence-based group work (EBGW). It provides a definition and includes a discussion of the assumptions underlying EBGW. It describes how EBGW developed within the history of ... More


Conclusion

Charles F. Manski

in Patient Care under Uncertainty

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691194738
eISBN:
9780691195360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691194738.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This concluding chapter provides suggestions that encourage putting the themes of the book into practice. It returns to the question from Chapter 1: “Should clinicians adhere to guidelines or ... More


Rationing by Clinical Judgment

Samia A. Hurst and Marion Danis

in Fair Resource Allocation and Rationing at the Bedside

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199989447
eISBN:
9780190207489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989447.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

While rationing by clinical judgment is controversial, its acceptability partly depends on how it is practiced. Here, the authors consider rationing by clinical judgment in three different ... More


Professional integrity in clinical research

Donald L. Rosenstein and Evan G. DeRenzo

in The Ethical Challenges of Human Research: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199896202
eISBN:
9780190267681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199896202.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines challenging issues of professional integrity relating to clinical research studies conducted by physician investigators with patient volunteers. It considers two models of the ... More


A Developing, Untidy, Methodological Pluralism

Miriam Solomon

in Making Medical Knowledge

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198732617
eISBN:
9780191796838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732617.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The methods discussed in this book occasionally contribute to medical controversy, especially when they have contrary findings. In general, disagreement is good for science but not so good for ... More


Artificial Intelligence and Behavioral Economics

Colin F. Camerer

in The Economics of Artificial Intelligence: An Agenda

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226613338
eISBN:
9780226613475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226613475.003.0024
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

An important strand of judgment and decision research in the 1970s and 1980s, which influenced behavioral economics mostly indirectly, documented the fact that simple statistical models often predict ... More


Fair Resource Allocation and Rationing at the Bedside

Marion Danis, Samia A. Hurst, Len Fleck, Reidun Forde, and Anne Slowther (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199989447
eISBN:
9780190207489
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989447.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Health systems need to set priorities fairly. This book makes the case that priority setting and rationing contribute significantly to the possibility of affordable and fair health care and that ... More


An Introduction to the Assessment of Violence Risk

Nicholas Scurich

in International Perspectives on Violence Risk Assessment

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199386291
eISBN:
9780199386314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199386291.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The risk of violent and recidivistic behavior occupies a central role in a variety of legal decisions. This chapter provides a nontechnical overview of the various processes by which violence risk is ... More


Barnum’s Ghost Gives an Encore Performance

Michael Pettit

in The Science of Deception: Psychology and Commerce in America

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226923741
eISBN:
9780226923758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923758.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

In 1949, Bertram Forer reported an experiment using his introductory psychology class. The experiment claimed to create an accurate personality evaluation test. When he gave the same vague and ... More


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