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Clinical guidelines

Gillian C Leng and Chris Connell

in An Introduction to Clinical Governance and Patient Safety

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199558612
eISBN:
9780191595011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558612.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

A clinical guideline is a document designed to support decisions regarding the diagnosis, care, and treatment of a particular disease or condition. The National Institute for Health and Clinical ... More


Doctors and Evidence: Evidence-Based Medicine

Carol M. Ashton and Nelda P. Wray

in Comparative Effectiveness Research: Evidence, Medicine, and Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199968565
eISBN:
9780199346080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199968565.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Evidence-based medicine is clinical care guided by the best-available scientific evidence generated from clinical research linked with the clinical acumen of the individual physician. It is built ... More


Implementing clinical guidelines: a case study of research in context

George Dowswell and Stephen Harrison

in Shaping Health Policy: Case Study Methods and Analysis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9781847427588
eISBN:
9781447305576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847427588.003.0017
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Evidence-based medicine has been a formal component of UK health policy since the early 1990s. This chapter presents a case study that refers to the implementation of clinical guidelines in primary ... More


Oxygen in the palliation of breathlessness

Anna Spathis, Rosemary Wade, and Sara Booth

in Dyspnoea in Advanced Disease: A guide to clinical management

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530039
eISBN:
9780191730450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.003.0012
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses the use of oxygen in the palliative management of breathlessness. In the hospital setting, supplemental oxygen is commonly used in the palliation of dyspnoea. Since the primary ... More


Economic evaluations in the management of pediatric asthma

Jonathan D. Campbell and Sean D. Sullivan

in Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.10
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Asthma is the most common chronic disease of childhood and the incidence is increasing. This chapter reviews published health economic studies of asthma interventions and medical technology with a ... More


Communication about coping as a survivor

Linda E Carlson and Barry D Bultz

in Handbook of Communication in Oncology and Palliative Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199238361
eISBN:
9780191730290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238361.003.0016
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

As medical cancer treatments become more and more successful, a growing cohort of cancer survivors is emerging. Maintaining effective communication with survivors poses a host of new challenges that ... More


Managed Cancer Networks: Exemplars of evidence-based governmentality?

Ewan Ferlie, Louise FitzGerald, Gerry McGivern, Sue Dopson, and Chris Bennett

in Making Wicked Problems Governable?: The Case of Managed Networks in Health Care

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199603015
eISBN:
9780191752995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603015.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management

This chapter discusses Managed Cancer Networks, which we see as ‘high performing’ networks due to their successful brokering of complex evidence-based reconfigurations of services. We examine case ... More


Overdiagnosis and overtreatment: Beware of guidelines with expanded disease definitions

Ray Moynihan

in Shared Decision Making in Health Care: Achieving evidence-based patient choice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198723448
eISBN:
9780191790096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723448.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Along with other aspirations, shared decision making (SDM) has the laudable aim of bringing more scrutiny of evidence into our health care choices, including assessing the risks and benefits of all ... More


Replication and Pooling

Michael B. Bracken

in Risk, Chance, and Causation: Investigating the Origins and Treatment of Disease

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300188844
eISBN:
9780300189551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300188844.003.0013
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter is concerned primarily with using replication to rule out chance as an explanation for study results. New hypotheses are derived from many sources, such as from observations in the ... More


Bringing shared decision making and evidence-based practice together

Tammy Hoffmann and Paul Glasziou

in Shared Decision Making in Health Care: Achieving evidence-based patient choice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198723448
eISBN:
9780191790096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723448.003.0039
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Both shared decision making (SDM) and evidence-based practice are important approaches in quality health care. Despite their interdependence, these two approaches have largely evolved in parallel and ... More


Professions and trust: new technologies of building trust in medical services

Ellen Kuhlmann

in Modernising health care: Reinventing professions, the state and the public

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348586
eISBN:
9781447302810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348586.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter argues that information represents a new technology of building trust on justifiable criteria, which serves as a bridge between different actors in health care, and between experts and ... More


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