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Time Lags in Terrestrial and Marine Environments

Eric Post

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Temporal lags in the response of populations to climatic variation associated with the NAO are widespread in both terrestrial and marine environments. The existence of both immediate and lagged ... More


The Responses of Fish Populations to Ocean Climate Fluctuations

Geir Ottersen, Jürgen Alheit, Ken Drinkwater, Kevin Friedland, Eberhard Hagen, and Nils Chr. Stenseth

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Understanding how climate variability affects fish and fisheries and how the effects differ between species is of paramount importance when trying to predict the potential impacts of ... More


Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Nils Chr. Stenseth, Geir Ottersen, James W. Hurrell, and Andrea Belgrano (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This book focuses on the influence of climate variability on the marine ecosystems of the North Atlantic. The ecological impact of climate variability on population dynamics is addressed at the full ... More


Climatic Fluctuations and Marine Systems: A General Itroduction to the Ecological Effects

Geir Ottersen, Nils Chr. Stenseth, and James W. Hurrell

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief account of the Atlantic as a whole and how it is linked to other oceans, before focusing on the main currents and hydrography of the North Atlantic. This ... More


Food webs in lakes—seasonal dynamics and the impact of climate variability

Dietmar Straile

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Studies on lakes provide some of the most complete investigations on the structure, dynamics, and energetics of food webs encompassing organisms from bacteria to vertebrates. The life cycle of ... More


What are the Ecological Effects of Climate Variation in the North Atlantic?

Roger Harris

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This final chapter draws insight from the subjects covered and looks towards the challenges ahead with respect to achieving further understanding of how climate affects the ecological patterns and ... More


Responses of Marine Phytoplankton Populations to Fluctuations in Marine Climate

Theodore J. Smayda, David G. Borkman, Gregory Beaugrand, and Andrea Belgrano

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter focuses on the responses of phytoplankton as an indicator species of climate variation and change in Narragansett Bay, located in the northwest Atlantic, and in the North Sea and ... More


Climatic Influences on Marine Fish Community Ecology

Kyrre Lekve and Nils Chr. Stenseth

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter focuses on biodiversity as a dependent variable. It reviews some proposed mechanisms for fish community responses to climatic variability, it then details some case studies illustrating ... More


Climate and Fisheries: An Insight from the Central Pacific Ocean

Patrick Lehodey

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter presents a brief description of the climate oscillations in the Pacific Ocean and their biological consequences. It then provides another illustration of the connection between climate ... More


Climate forcing, food web structure, and community dynamics in pelagic marine ecosystems

L. Ciannelli, D. Ø. Hjermann, P. Lehodey, G. Ottersen, J. T. Duffy-Anderson, and N. C. Stenseth

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The Eastern Bering Sea (EBS), the Gulf of Alaska (GOA), and the Barents Sea (BS) share key features: they are dominated by gadoids populations, they are heavily fished, and they are under the ... More


Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Manuel Barange, John G. Field, Roger P. Harris, Eileen E. Hofmann, R. Ian Perry, and Francisco Werner (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558025
eISBN:
9780191721939
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

Global environmental change, which includes climate change, biodiversity loss, changes in hydrological and biogeochemical cycles, and intensive exploitation of natural resources, is having ... More


What Do We Know About the Climate of the Next Decade?

Mark A. Cane and Dong Eun Lee

in Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679362
eISBN:
9780191758430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679362.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The climate of the next decade will not fully determine crop yields, food prices, food security, or sociopolitical stability, but it will be influential. Over the next ten years, climate variations ... More


Why Climate-Change Skeptics Are Wrong

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 1 begins by stressing the severity of climate change (CC) and showing how, contrary to popular belief, atomic energy is not a viable solution to ... More


Climate change

Kevin E. Trenberth and James W. Hurrell

in Effects of Climate Change on Birds

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198824268
eISBN:
9780191862809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824268.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Animal Biology

The climate is changing from human activities. This has major implications for the future and for human society and ecosystems, including birds. However, it is often masked by natural variability and ... More


Climate Variability, Climate Change and Earth System Sensitivity

Han Dolman

in Biogeochemical Cycles and Climate

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198779308
eISBN:
9780191824388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779308.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter addresses climate variability and climate sensitivity. Understanding climate variability is important for estimating how future climate will respond to changes in the greenhouse gas ... More


. California Climate and Fire Weather

Richard A. Minnich

in Fire in California's Ecosystems

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520246058
eISBN:
9780520932272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246058.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter starts by exploring some basic principles of weather. It then describes California’s Mediterranean climate from the standpoint of atmospheric circulation. This is followed by short-term ... More


Revelation or Revolution?: How California Can Adapt and Even Benefit from Climate Change

Fredrich Kahrl and David Roland-Holst

in Climate Change in California: Risk and Response

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780520271814
eISBN:
9780520953802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271814.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Is climate change a curse of industrialization or an opportunity? This book has presented a case for the latter, arguing that a proactive approach to mitigation and adaptation will present a new ... More


Signals in the Noise

Michael E. Mann

in The Hockey Stick and the Climate Wars: Dispatches from the Front Lines

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231152556
eISBN:
9780231526388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231152556.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter focuses on the search for more evidence to support the view that there was a detectable human influence on global climate. In the early 1990s, after carefully weighing all the evidence, ... More


Climate Variability in the Context of Climate Change: El Niño and Other Oscillations

Cynthia Rosenzweig and Daniel Hillel

in Climate Variability and the Global Harvest: Impacts of El Niño and Other Oscillations on Agro-Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195137637
eISBN:
9780197561669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195137637.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

The climate system envelops our planet, with swirling fluxes of mass, momentum, and energy through air, water, and land. Its processes are partly regular and partly ... More


Global Freshwater and Food Security in the Face of Potential Adversity

Upmanu Lall

in Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679362
eISBN:
9780191758430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679362.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Reliable access to water is a primary constraint for agricultural productivity and hence for food security. This is a significant issue in the tropics and sub-tropics, especially in regions with a ... More


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