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The Government of London: A Civic Bureaucracy

Caroline M. Barron

in London in the Later Middle Ages: Government and People 1200-1500

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199257775
eISBN:
9780191717758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257775.003.08
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter examines the emergence of the civic bureaucracy or civil service which implemented the decisions taken in the Courts of Aldermen and Common Council. The emergence of the three most ... More


Property, Privilege, and Law

Colin Morris

in The Papal Monarchy: The Western Church from 1050 to 1250

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269250
eISBN:
9780191600708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269250.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Church History

In principle, bishops were responsible for ecclesiastical revenues, but in practice other powers had secured vested rights over them. Tithes formed a basic part of the income of the church, while ... More


The Evolving Roles and Responsibilities of House Officers in the Antebellum Era

Jeffery A. Jenkins and Charles Stewart III

in Fighting for the Speakership: The House and the Rise of Party Government

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691118123
eISBN:
9781400845460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691118123.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the evolving roles and responsibilities of House officers in the antebellum era. An analysis of each of the major House officer positions—mainly the Speaker, but also the Clerk ... More


Bringing the Selection of House Officers into the Open

Jeffery A. Jenkins and Charles Stewart III

in Fighting for the Speakership: The House and the Rise of Party Government

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691118123
eISBN:
9781400845460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691118123.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines how viva voce voting raised the stakes in speakership elections and all House officer elections more generally. The move to a viva voce vote for House Speaker helped inaugurate ... More


Young Women, Work, and Family in England 1918-1950

Selina Todd

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199282753
eISBN:
9780191712494
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282753.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book gives an account of young women's lives, challenges, and existing assumptions about working class life and womanhood in England between the end of the First World War and the beginning of ... More


Epilogue: “Poor Harry!”

Tinsley E. Yarbrough

in Harry A. Blackmun: The Outsider Justice

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195141238
eISBN:
9780199851577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141238.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Although Justice Blackmun held a high position in one of the world's most powerful and influential institutions, Blackmun's psychologist daughter Nancy explained how, because of his childhood and his ... More


Young Women and Work

Selina Todd

in Young Women, Work, and Family in England 1918-1950

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199282753
eISBN:
9780191712494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282753.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines the centrality of paid work to young women's lives, and the expansion in their employment opportunities following the First World War, which accelerated further during the 1930s ... More


On the Make: Clerks and the Quest for Capital in Nineteenth-Century America

Brian P. Luskey

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814752289
eISBN:
9780814753484
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814752289.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

In the bustling cities of the mid-nineteenth-century Northeast, young male clerks working in commercial offices and stores were on the make, persistently seeking wealth, respect, and ... More


Writing and Presenting Private Petitions

GWILYM DODD

in Justice and Grace: Private Petitioning and the English Parliament in the Late Middle Ages

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202805
eISBN:
9780191708015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202805.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

The chapter completes the book's consideration of the private petition by focussing on the mechanics of complaint in the late medieval parliament. It considers how and where petitions were drafted, ... More


Producers

H. K. Woudhuysen

in Sir Philip Sidney and the Circulation of Manuscripts, 1558–1640

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198129660
eISBN:
9780191671821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198129660.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

In early modern England the ability to write, and to write with a clear hand, was valuable, opening up a career as a scrivener, a secretary, a clerk, or a copyist. All of these wrote or copied ... More


Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon: From Theistic Science to Naturalistic Science

Matthew Stanley

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226164878
eISBN:
9780226164908
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226164908.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

During the Victorian period science shifted from being practiced in a theistic context to a naturalistic context. This book examines the foundations of that change. It is generally thought that this ... More


The Surprising Ubiquity of the Samuelson Configuration: Paul Samuelson and the Natural Sciences

James B. Cooper and Thomas Russell

in Samuelsonian Economics and the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199298839
eISBN:
9780191711480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298839.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter appraises one aspect of how Samuelson adopted the methods of physics for economics. Samuelson is considered a leader in adopting the concepts of optimization with constraints to ... More


Letters of the Middling Sort: Confronting Problems of Business, Religion, Gender, and Class

Susan E. Whyman

in The Pen and the People: English Letter Writers 1660-1800

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199532445
eISBN:
9780191714535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532445.003.0005
Subject:
History, Cultural History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter shows how middling-sort merchants, writing clerks, and dissenters used letters to work out problems regarding business, religion, gender and class. Letters of four generations of Tucker ... More


Conclusion: Conscience and the Composition of Piers Plowman

SARAH WOOD

in Conscience and the Composition of Piers Plowman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653768
eISBN:
9780191741678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653768.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature, Poetry

The Conclusion turns from the internal ‘history’ of the poem's process of composition to its external history. The multiple discourses upon which Langland draws in his presentation of Conscience ... More


Why Did Men Become Papal Officials?

Peter Partner

in The Pope’s Men: The Papal Civil Service in the Renaissance

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198219958
eISBN:
9780191678394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198219958.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, History of Religion

This chapter discusses and provides examples on the different career patterns that made twenty-two secretaries and chamber clerks into cardinals and popes. During the Renaissance period, 39 per cent ... More


Stress, Selves, and Subjectivity

Daniel Brown

in Hopkins' Idealism: Philosophy, Physics, Poetry

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198183532
eISBN:
9780191674051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198183532.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter examines English poet Gerald Manley Hopkins' thoughts on the concepts of stress, selves, and subjectivity. It explains that Hopkins used the field model to represent being or stress not ... More


The Clerk Mission and the Establishment of the Horthy Regime

Gábor Bátonyi

in Britain and Central Europe 1918–1933

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207481
eISBN:
9780191677687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207481.003.0010
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The growing British interest in Hungarian and Romanian affairs is illustrated by the Council’s resolution to find a suitable Englishman to ... More


‘The Best Justification of the Peace Conference’

Gábor Bátonyi

in Britain and Central Europe 1918–1933

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207481
eISBN:
9780191677687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207481.003.0014
Subject:
History, World Modern History

By November 1918, the experts of the Political Intelligence Department (PID) were in agreement that the Czechs were likely to be a great asset ... More


Prague: A ‘Political Observatory’ in Central Europe

Gábor Bátonyi

in Britain and Central Europe 1918–1933

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207481
eISBN:
9780191677687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207481.003.0015
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Soon after his arrival in Czechoslovakia, Sir George Clerk established a close personal relationship with Masaryk and Beneš, which guaranteed ... More


A School for Citizens

Deborah Lavin

in From Empire to International Commonwealth: A Biography of Lionel Curtis

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198126164
eISBN:
9780191671623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198126164.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The councillors of Johannesburg met for the first time on 18 May 1901. Curtis was Town Clerk. He was instrumental in forming the municipality. The machinery of city government had to be created ‘from ... More


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