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 Are Cap‐and‐Trade Programs More Environmentally Effective than Conventional Regulation?

Ellerman A. Denny

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay explains why cap-and-trade programs (in which government establishes an overall cap on pollution but allows firms to trade allocations beneath the cap) can be both more economically ... More


Litigation, Regulation, and International Law as Law and Policy Drivers in the United States

Cinnamon Piñon Carlarne

in Climate Change Law and Policy: EU and US Perspectives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199553419
eISBN:
9780191594984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553419.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

This chapter examines how public and private actors are using litigation, regulation, and international law to influence federal climate policy. It begins by reviewing past and present climate change ... More


Environmental Policy from the Great Society to 1980: A Coalition Comes Unglued

Richard Harris

in Conservatism and American Political Development

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195373929
eISBN:
9780199852291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373929.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Environmentalism, born in the milieu of activism and protest during the 1960s, aimed not only to save the ecosystem but also to open up administrative and policy processes to more democratic impulses ... More


Airpocalypse in Beijing and Delhi

Xuefei Ren

in Governing the Urban in China and India: Land Grabs, Slum Clearance, and the War on Air Pollution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691203393
eISBN:
9780691203416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691203393.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter investigates the differences between territorial and associational forms of governance that are apparent in the case of air pollution control. It examines Beijing's clean air campaign ... More


Breathing Air

Robert Gottlieb and Simon Ng

in Global Cities: Urban Environments in Los Angeles, Hong Kong, and China

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035910
eISBN:
9780262338868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035910.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter analyzes the history and current state of air pollution in Los Angeles, Hong Kong, and China. It describes the health and environmental impacts from various pollution sources, and ... More


Los Angeles’ Clean Air Saga—Spanning the Three Epochs

Daniel A. Mazmanian

in Toward Sustainable Communities: Transition and Transformations in Environmental Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262134927
eISBN:
9780262255523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262134927.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter traces the rise of the regulatory regime in Los Angeles—which encompasses not just the city and county of Los Angeles, but the adjacent counties of Orange, Riverside, and western San ... More


The Role of the Political Branches: Negotiating Federalism

Erin Ryan

in Federalism and the Tug of War Within

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737987
eISBN:
9780199918652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737987.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Chapter Eight summarizes the federalism safeguards debate, considers the role of negotiated governance, and highlights potential contributions from the academic negotiation literature. Most ... More


Why Climate-Change Skeptics Are Wrong

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 1 begins by stressing the severity of climate change (CC) and showing how, contrary to popular belief, atomic energy is not a viable solution to ... More


Searching for Westway’s Achilles’ Heel: Air Pollution?

William W. Buzbee

in Fighting Westway: Environmental Law, Citizen Activism, and the Regulatory War That Transformed New York City

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451904
eISBN:
9780801470301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451904.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter details the attempts of the opposition to the Westway plans to discover whether the project would have a fatal legal vulnerability. Specifically, the chapter shows how both supporters ... More


From Science-Based Legal Advocacy to Community Organizing:: Opportunities and Obstacles to Transforming Patterns of Expertise and Access

Karen Hoffman

in Technoscience and Environmental Justice: Expert Cultures in a Grassroots Movement

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015790
eISBN:
9780262298407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015790.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter focuses on the transformation from science-based legal advocacy into community organizing by examining the case of the Clean Air and Water Network. Through community organization, the ... More


The Costs of Pollution

Charles Halvorson

in Valuing Clean Air: The EPA and the Economics of Environmental Protection

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780197538845
eISBN:
9780197538876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197538845.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Animated by the contrast of rising prosperity and declining environmental quality in the 1960s, the modern environmental movement pushed local and state authorities and then the federal government to ... More


Environment, Energy, Economy: The Campaign for Balance

Melissa Aronczyk and Maria I. Espinoza

in A Strategic Nature: Public Relations and the Politics of American Environmentalism

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780190055349
eISBN:
9780190055387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190055349.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Culture, Science, Technology and Environment

Chapter 3, Environment, Energy, Economy, opens as industrial PR practitioners in the 1950s and 1960s confront a new rival: environmental pollution and its discontents. Prior to the Second World War, ... More


Using the Clean Air Act to Address Ocean Acidification

Margaret E. Peloso

in Climate Change Impacts on Ocean and Coastal Law: U.S. and International Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199368747
eISBN:
9780199368761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199368747.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Public International Law

The most significant driver of ocean acidification globally is rising CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere, which result in increasing concentrations of dissolved CO2 in seawater. Because this major ... More


Federalization of Land Use Control in Hawai‘i: Clean Air, Clean Water, Species Protection, and Environmental Impacts

David L. Callies

in Regulating Paradise: Land Use Controls in Hawai'i

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824834753
eISBN:
9780824870751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824834753.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter discusses how the federal government injected itself into environmental law in a series of statutes passed in the 1970s. These new environmental laws with their significant land use ... More


The Doer: The EPA and the Power in Implementation

Charles Halvorson

in Valuing Clean Air: The EPA and the Economics of Environmental Protection

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780197538845
eISBN:
9780197538876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197538845.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The creation of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in 1970 to administer the Clean Air Act of 1970 and a bevy of other ambitious new environmental interventions marked a high point in ... More


Assessing Acid Rain in the United States: The National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program

Michael Oppenheimer, Naomi Oreskes, Dale Jamieson, Keynyn Brysse, Jessica O’Reilly, Matthew Shindell, and Milena Wazeck

in Discerning Experts: The Practices of Scientific Assessment for Environmental Policy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226601960
eISBN:
9780226602158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226602158.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

The US National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program was established in 1980 to serve as both a research program and an assessment body. It is generally thought to have been successful in the former ... More


5 Searching for Westway’s Achilles’ Heel: Air Pollution?

William W. Buzbee

in Fighting Westway: Environmental Law, Citizen Activism, and the Regulatory War That Transformed New York City

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451904
eISBN:
9780801470301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451904.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter details the attempts of the opposition to the Westway plans to discover whether the project would have a fatal legal vulnerability. Specifically, the chapter shows how both supporters ... More


Assessing the EPA’s Experience with Equity in Standard Setting

Douglas S. Noonan

in Failed Promises: Evaluating the Federal Government's Response to Environmental Justice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028837
eISBN:
9780262327138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028837.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter discusses the environmental justice issues that arise in the context of standard-setting. Specifically, the chapter evaluates the degree to which the EPA has effectively considered ... More


Unmasking a Gendered Materialism: Air Filtration, Cigarettes, and Domestic Discord in Urban China

Matthew Kohrman

in Can Science and Technology Save China?

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501747021
eISBN:
9781501747045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747021.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter analyses some of the cultural methods behind the seemingly comedic madness of “cigarette masks.” Rather than casting them aside as senseless, the chapter looks into the “cigarette mask ... More


The Global Goods Movement System

Robert Gottlieb and Simon Ng

in Global Cities: Urban Environments in Los Angeles, Hong Kong, and China

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035910
eISBN:
9780262338868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035910.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The chapter describes the history and current issues associated with the large container port facilities in Los Angeles, Hong Kong, and China. It describes where and how goods are transported from ... More


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