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Litigation, Regulation, and International Law as Law and Policy Drivers in the United States

Cinnamon Piñon Carlarne

in Climate Change Law and Policy: EU and US Perspectives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199553419
eISBN:
9780191594984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553419.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

This chapter examines how public and private actors are using litigation, regulation, and international law to influence federal climate policy. It begins by reviewing past and present climate change ... More


The Role of the Political Branches: Negotiating Federalism

Erin Ryan

in Federalism and the Tug of War Within

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737987
eISBN:
9780199918652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737987.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Chapter Eight summarizes the federalism safeguards debate, considers the role of negotiated governance, and highlights potential contributions from the academic negotiation literature. Most ... More


Federalization of Land Use Control in Hawai‘i: Clean Air, Clean Water, Species Protection, and Environmental Impacts

David L. Callies

in Regulating Paradise: Land Use Controls in Hawai'i

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824834753
eISBN:
9780824870751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824834753.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter discusses how the federal government injected itself into environmental law in a series of statutes passed in the 1970s. These new environmental laws with their significant land use ... More


Downstream Dilemma: Water Pollution

Daniel McCool

in River Republic: The Fall and Rise of America's Rivers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231161312
eISBN:
9780231504416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231161312.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines how water pollution diminished the value of American rivers and destroyed their essence as a natural resource. For more than 200 years, rivers in America were used as a ... More


Cleaning Wisconsin’s Waters: From Command and Control to Collaborative Decision Making

Michael E. Kraft

in Toward Sustainable Communities: Transition and Transformations in Environmental Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262134927
eISBN:
9780262255523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262134927.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter reviews the recent history of the struggle to clean up the Fox-Wolf River Basin in Northeastern Wisconsin, which surrounds metropolitan Green Bay. It highlights the strategies used ... More


Water Quality

Lucy Allen

in A Twenty-First Century U.S. Water Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199859443
eISBN:
9780190252632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199859443.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter assesses water quality regulation in the US. Topics covered include federal water quality laws; the Water Pollution Control Act of 1948 and amendments; the Clean water act; the ... More


Assessing the EPA’s Experience with Equity in Standard Setting

Douglas S. Noonan

in Failed Promises: Evaluating the Federal Government's Response to Environmental Justice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028837
eISBN:
9780262327138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028837.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter discusses the environmental justice issues that arise in the context of standard-setting. Specifically, the chapter evaluates the degree to which the EPA has effectively considered ... More


Urban Water Management: Responding to Federal Regulation

Jack Schieffer

in Water in Kentucky: Natural History, Communities, and Conservation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813168685
eISBN:
9780813169941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813168685.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the challenges faced by municipal governments in managing their water resources, as rapidly growing urban populations and aging infrastructure contribute to sewer overflows, ... More


Water Contamination

Jeffery A. Foran and Amaryl Griggs

in Occupational and Environmental Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190662677
eISBN:
9780190662707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes water contamination and wastewater treatment. It reviews the current state of water availability and water quality globally. It describes types of surface water contaminants ... More


Policy: Achievements and Challenges

Marc Holmes

in Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Tidal Marshes: The San Francisco Estuary

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780520274297
eISBN:
9780520954014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274297.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

It was not until 1965 that a state law was passed to regulate the unrestricted filling of the San Francisco Bay. By then, 92 percent of the bay's wetlands had already been destroyed. The law ushered ... More


Ethical Issues in Storm Water Policy Implementation: Disparities in Financial Burdens and Overall Benefits

Sheldon Kamieniecki and Amy Below

in Water, Place, and Equity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262232715
eISBN:
9780262286107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262232715.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter explains the effects of storm water in water sanitation, flooding, and the depletion of groundwater aquifers. Several provisions have been passed by the federal state in order to address ... More


Curbing CO2 Pollution: Using Existing Laws to Address Ocean Acidification

Miyoko Sakashita

in Climate Change Impacts on Ocean and Coastal Law: U.S. and International Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199368747
eISBN:
9780199368761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199368747.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Public International Law

This chapter highlights that the United States has the ability and the duty under existing U.S. law to regulate carbon dioxide pollution that is causing ocean acidification. Specifically, it explains ... More


The Medium: Sewers, Sludge, and Other Forms of Water Torture

John Waldman

in Heartbeats in the Muck: The History, Sea Life, and Environment of New York Harbor, Revised Edition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780823249855
eISBN:
9780823252589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823249855.003.0004
Subject:
History, Environmental History

With the great immigrant waves at the end of the nineteenth century New York's population swelled, but with no sewage treatment, all human wastes entered the Harbor's waters in raw form, overwhelming ... More


No Habitat but Our Own

Howard G. Wilshire, Richard W. Hazlett, and Jane E. Nielson

in The American West at Risk: Science, Myths, and Politics of Land Abuse and Recovery

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195142051
eISBN:
9780197561782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195142051.003.0013
Subject:
Environmental Science, Social Impact of Environmental Issues

Americans tend to think of the western United States as open spaces and the east coast as urban and crowded. After all, the northeast corridor from Washington, DC to Boston, Massachusetts, exempli- ... More


The Great Stinks

David L. Kirchman

in Dead Zones: The Loss of Oxygen from Rivers, Lakes, Seas, and the Ocean

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780197520376
eISBN:
9780197520406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197520376.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses one of the first dead zones, the River Thames near London in the 19th century. London used the river as a sewer to dispose of untreated human waste and garbage, causing oxygen ... More


Spread of the Ecological approach across the world

S. Nazrul Islam

in Rivers and Sustainable Development: Alternative Approaches and Their Implications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190079024
eISBN:
9780190079055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190079024.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Chapter 8 reviews the progress of the Ecological approach across the world, in both developed and developing countries. In the United States, this progress can be seen in both dam removal and river ... More


Evaluating Environmental Justice: Analytic Lessons from the Academic Literature and in Practice

Ronald J. Shadbegian and Ann Wolverton

in Failed Promises: Evaluating the Federal Government's Response to Environmental Justice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028837
eISBN:
9780262327138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028837.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter analyzes the difficult challenges that arise when considering the environmental justice effects of federal rules and regulations. It complements the discussion in Chapter 4 by examining ... More


Wetland Restoration: Changing Techniques, Changing Goals, Changing Climate

Catherine Owen Koning, Sharon M. Ashworth, and Catherine Owen Koning

in Wading Right In: Discovering the Nature of Wetlands

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226554211
eISBN:
9780226554495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226554495.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

A professor and a couple of newly minted PhDs in t-shirts and shorts set out to rebuild a saltmarsh in the 1970s. This chapter briefly traces the beginnings of wetland restoration from naturalized ... More


Eco-Warriors: The Environmental Movement and the Growth of Ecological Wisdom, 1960s–1970s

Jeremy L. Caradonna

in Sustainability: A History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199372409
eISBN:
9780197562932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199372409.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Sustainability

One of the marks that distinguishes sustainability from classic environmentalism is the former’s cheery optimism. Indeed, reading side by side the 2005 guidebook Green Living—a fairly typical ... More


Income Tax Evasion, Medicare Fraud, Organized Crime, Environmental Disputes, and Bankruptcy

James M. Denham

in Fifty Years of Justice: A History of the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Florida

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813060491
eISBN:
9780813050638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060491.003.0020
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The chapter deals with income tax evasion, including beginning discussion of the high-profile Wesley Snipes prosecution. The chapter then turns to Medicare fraud prosecutions. The changing nature of ... More


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